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Thomisidae

(Family)

Overview

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Crab spiders hold their legs outstretched to the sides, in the manner of their crustacean namesake, and can move forwards, sideways, or backward. They have short, broad bodies and 8 small eyes sometimes located on raised bumps. The second pair of legs is often much heavier and longer than the third and fourth pairs. Crab spiders do not build any sort of web, they prowl the ground and climb flowers and plants in search of prey. Many are masters of camouflage and simply await their prey on flowers, much like ambush bugs. [1]

Photos

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Taxonomy

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The Family Thomisidae is a member of the Superfamily Thomisoidea. Here is the complete "parentage" of Thomisidae:

The Family Thomisidae is further organized into finer groupings including:

Genera

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Acentroscelus

[more]

Acracanthostoma

[more]

Alcimochthes

Alcimochthes is a genus of crab spider found in China, Vietnam, Singapore, Taiwan and Japan. [more]

Amyciaea

Amyciaea is a genus of crab spiders that mimics ants, their preferred prey. [more]

Angaeus

[more]

Ansiea

[more]

Aphantochilus

Aphantochilus is a small genus of ant-mimicking crab spiders from Central to South America. [more]

Apyretina

[more]

Ascurisoma

[more]

Avelis

[more]

Bassaniana

[more]

Bassaniodes

[more]

Boliscodes

[more]

Boliscus

[more]

Bomis

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia. [more]

Bonapruncinia

[more]

Borboropactus

[more]

Bucranium

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia. [more]

Camaricus

[more]

Carcinarachne

[more]

Cebrenninus

[more]

Ceraarachne

[more]

Cetratus

[more]

Coenypha

[more]

Coriarachne

[more]

Corynethrix

[more]

Cozyptila

Cupa

[more]

Cymbacha

[more]

Cymbachina

[more]

Cynathea

[more]

Cyriogonus

[more]

Deltoclita

[more]

Demogenes

[more]

Diaea

[more]

Diasterea

[more]

Dieta

Dietopsa

[more]

Dimizonops

[more]

Diplotychus

[more]

Domatha

[more]

Ebelingia

[more]

Ebrechtella

[more]

Emplesiogonus

[more]

Epicadinus

[more]

Epicadus

[more]

Epidius

[more]

Erissoides

[more]

Erissus

[more]

Felsina

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia. [more]

Firmicus

[more]

Geraesta

[more]

Gnoerichia

[more]

Haedanula

[more]

Haplotmarus

[more]

Hedana

[more]

Henriksenia

Herbessus

[more]

Heriaesynaema

[more]

Heriaeus

[more]

Heterogriffus

[more]

Hewittia

Herbs twining or prostrate. Leaves petiolate, base usually cordate, margin entire, angular, or lobed. Inflorescences axillary, 1- to few-flowered cymes; bracts 2, leaflike, borne well below calyx, persistent. Sepals 5, apex acute; outer 3 ovate, slightly enlarged in fruit; inner 2 much smaller. Corolla campanulate or funnelform; limb shallowly 5-lobed. Stamens included; filaments dilated basally, adnate to corolla tube, free distally, filiform; pollen not spiny. Disc ringlike. Pistil included; ovary 1-loculed or imperfectly 2-loculed apically, 4-ovuled. Style 1, filiform; stigmas 2, ovate-oblong, complanate. Capsule globose, 4-valved, pilose. Seeds 4 or fewer.[2] [more]

Hexommulocymus

[more]

Holopelus

[more]

Iphoctesis

[more]

Isala

[more]

Isaloides

[more]

Lampertia

[more]

Latifrons

[more]

Ledouxia

Loxobates

[more]

Loxoporetes

[more]

Lycopus

Lycopus (Gypsywort or Bugleweed) is a genus of about a dozen species of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. They are all herbaceous plants native to Europe, northwest Asia, and North America. The species are most often found in wetlands, damp meadows, and stream banks. Some of the wetland species have become endangered . [more]

Lysiteles

[more]

Majellula

[more]

Martus

[more]

Massuria

[more]

Mastira

Mecaphesa

[more]

Megapyge

[more]

Metadiaea

[more]

Misumena

Flower crab spiders are crab spiders of the genus Misumena with holarctic distribution. [more]

Misumenoides

Misumenoides is a of spiders in the family Thomisidae. Spiders in this family are commonly called "crab" or "flower" spiders. [more]

Misumenops

[more]

Modysticus

Monaeses

[more]

Musaeus

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia. [more]

Mystaria

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia. [more]

Narcaeus

[more]

Nyctimus

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia. [more]

Ocyllus

[more]

Onocolus

[more]

Ostanes

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia. [more]

Oxyptila

[more]

Oxytate

[more]

Ozyptila

Ozyptila is a genus of rather small . [more]

Pactactes

[more]

Pagida

[more]

Parabomis

[more]

Paramystaria

[more]

Parasmodix

[more]

Parastephanops

[more]

Parastrophius

[more]

Parasynema

[more]

Pasias

[more]

Pasiasula

[more]

Peritraeus

[more]

Phaenopoma

[more]

Pharta

[more]

Pherecydes

Pherecydes (in : Fe?e??d??) was the name of: [more]

Philodamia

[more]

Philogaeus

[more]

Phireza

[more]

Phrynarachne

[more]

Physoplatys

[more]

Pistius

Pistius is a genus of with nine described species. Most occur in Asia, only P. truncatus has a palaearctic distribution. [more]

Plancinus

[more]

Plastonomus

[more]

Platyarachne

[more]

Platypyresthesis

[more]

Platythomisus

[more]

Poecilothomisus

[more]

Porropis

[more]

Pothaeus

[more]

Prepotelus

[more]

Proxysticus

Pseudamyciaea

[more]

Pseudoporrhopis

[more]

Pycnaxis

[more]

Pyresthesis

[more]

Reinickella

[more]

Rejanellus

Rhaebobates

[more]

Runcinia

Runcinia is a genus of crab spiders with about 30 described species. [more]

Saccodomus

[more]

Sanmenia

[more]

Scopticus

[more]

Sidyma

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia. [more]

Sidymella

[more]

Simorcus

[more]

Sinothomisus

Smodicinodes

[more]

Smodicinus

[more]

Soelteria

[more]

Stephanopis

[more]

Stephanopoides

[more]

Stiphropella

[more]

Stiphropus

[more]

Strigoplus

[more]

Strophius

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia.[3] [more]

Sylligma

[more]

Synaema

[more]

Synaemops

[more]

Synalus

[more]

Synema

Synema can be [more]

Synstrophius

[more]

Tagulinus

[more]

Tagulis

[more]

Takachihoa

[more]

Talaus

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia. [more]

Tarrocanus

[more]

Taypaliito

[more]

Tharpyna

[more]

Tharrhalea

[more]

Thomisops

[more]

Thomisus

[more]

Titidiops

[more]

Titidius

[more]

Tmarus

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia.[4] [more]

Tobias

Tobias (????a?) is a Greek version of the Hebrew biblical name "Toviyah" (?????), meaning "Yahweh is good". It is a popular male given name in Germany, Scandinavia, the United States and amongst Jewish people. In English-speaking countries it is often shortened to Toby. Other diminutives are Tobi (English, Germany), Tobsen (Germany) and Tobbe (Sweden). Tobias has also been a surname. [more]

Trichopagis

[more]

Ulocymus

[more]

Uraarachne

[more]

Urarachne

[more]

Wechselia

[more]

Xysticus

Xysticus is a genus of . Xysticus and Coriarachne are the dark brown or reddish-brown crab spiders often encountered on weeds or trees. While similar to the flower spiders, they tend to have shorter, sturdier legs and more patterned abdomens. They move slowly, and tend to hunt by stationing themselves in a high-traffic area and grabbing whatever arthropod passes close enough. [more]

Zametopias

[more]

Zametopina

[more]

Zygometis

[more]

More info about the Genus Zygometis may be found here.

Footnotes

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  1. http://bugguide.net/index.php?q=search&keys=Bassaniana&search=Search
  2. Ruizheng Fang & George Staples "Hewittia". in Flora of China Vol. 16 Page 285. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org.
  3. http://bugguide.net/index.php?q=search&keys=Strophius&search=Search
  4. http://bugguide.net/index.php?q=search&keys=Tmarus&search=Search

Sources

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Last Revised: October 03, 2013
2013/10/03 20:44:32