The Family Spheniscidae is a member of the Superfamily Procellarioidea. Here is the complete "parentage" of Spheniscidae:
- Domain: Eukaryota
Whittaker & Margulis,1978 - eukaryotes
- Kingdom: Animalia
C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
- Subkingdom: Bilateria
(Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983 - bilaterians
- Branch: Deuterostomia
Grobben, 1908 - Deuterostomes
- Infrakingdom: Chordonia
(Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Phylum: Chordata
Bateson, 1885 - Chordates
- Subphylum: Vertebrata
Cuvier, 1812 - Vertebrates
- Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
auct. - Jawed Vertebrates
- Superclass: Tetrapoda
Goodrich, 1930 - Tetrapods
- Class: Sauropsida
- Subclass: Avialae
- Infraclass: Aves (C. Linnaeus, 1758) - Birds
- Subclass: Avialae Gauthier, 1986
- Class: Sauropsida Linnaeus, 1758
- Superclass: Tetrapoda Goodrich, 1930 - Tetrapods
- Infraphylum: Gnathostomata auct. - Jawed Vertebrates
- Subphylum: Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812 - Vertebrates
- Phylum: Chordata Bateson, 1885 - Chordates
- Infrakingdom: Chordonia (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Deuterostomia Grobben, 1908 - Deuterostomes
- Subkingdom: Bilateria (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983 - bilaterians
- Kingdom: Animalia C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
The Family Spheniscidae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Subfamily (1): Spheniscinae
- Genus (20): Anthropornis · Aptenodytes · Archaeospheniscus · Dege · Delphinornis · Eudyptes · Eudyptula · Marambiornis · Megadyptes · Mesetaornis · Palaeeudyptes · Palaeospheniscus · Paraspheniscus · Pseudaptenodytes · Pseudospheniscus · Pygoscelis · Speniscus · Spheniscidae · Spheniscus · Tereingaornis
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 90 species and subspecies in the Family Spheniscidae.
The genus Aptenodytes (from the Ancient Greek a/a 'without' pteno-/pt???- 'feather' or 'wing' and dytes/d?t?? 'diver') contains two extant species of penguins collectively known as "the great penguins". [more]
The term crested penguin is the name given to several species of penguin of the genus Eudyptes. The exact number varies between four and seven depending on the authority, and a Chatham Islands species may have become extinct in the 19th century. All are black and white penguins with yellow crests and red bills and eyes, and are found on subantarctic islands in the worlds southern oceans. All lay two eggs but raise only one young per breeding season; the first egg laid is substantially smaller than the second. [more]
The genus Eudyptula ("good little diver") contains two species of penguin. It is found in southern Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand and the Chatham Islands. [more]
Megadyptes ("large diver") is a genus of penguin which consists of two species, Megadyptes antipodes (Yellow-eyed Penguin) and the extinct Megadyptes waitaha (Waitaha Penguin). [more]
The extinct penguin genus Pseudaptenodytes contains the type species P. macraei; smaller bones have been assigned to P. minor, although it is not certain whether they are really from a different species or simply of younger individuals; both taxa are known by an insufficient selection of bones. The fossils of Pseudaptenodytes have been found in deposits in Victoria (Australia) which are of Late Miocene or Early Pliocene age. [more]
The genus Pygoscelis ("rump-legged") contains three living species of penguins collectively known as "The Brush-Tailed Penguins". Their appearance - black above, white below - is the stereotypical image of penguins, and so what most people think of when they think of penguins. [more]
The banded penguins are the penguins of the Spheniscus ("wedge-shaped") genus. There are four living species of penguins known as banded penguins, and all have similar coloration. They are sometimes also known as "Jack-ass penguins" due to their loud locator calls sounding similar to a donkey braying. Common traits include a band of black that runs around their bodies bordering their black dorsal coloring, black beaks with a small vertical white band, distinct spots on their bellies, and a small patch of unfeathered or thinly feathered skin around their eyes that can be either white or pink. All members of this genus lay their eggs and raise their young in burrows. [more]
More info about the Genus Tereingaornis may be found here.
- Work TM, Journal of wildlife diseases. 1996 Oct;32(4):643-57.
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