The Family Sciuridae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Subfamily (2): Pteromyinae · Sciurinae
- Tribe (9): Funambulini · Marmotini · Nannosciurini · Protoxerini · Ratufini · Sciurini · Tamiasciurini · Tamiini · Xerini
- Subtribe (7): Funambulina · Funisciurina · Marmotina · Myosciurina · Sciurillina · Sciurina · Spermophilina
- Genus (89): Aeretes · Aeromys · Aethosciurus · Ammospermophilus · Arctomyoides · Arctomys · Atlantoxerus · Belomys · Blackia · Callosciurus · Callospermophilus · Cedromus · Citellus · Cynomys · Douglassia · Dremomys · Eoglaucomys · Epixerus · Eupetaurus · Eutamias · Euxerus · Exilisciurus · Funambulus · Funisciurus · Geosciurus · Glaucomys · Glyphotes · Guerlinguetus · Heliosciurus · Heteroxerus · Hylopetes · Hylopetus · Hyosciurus · Iomys · Lariscus · Marmota · Menetes · Microsciurus · Miopetaurista · Miosciurus · Miospermophilus · Myosciurus · Nannosciurus · Neosciurus · Neotamias · Nototamias · Oligopetes · Oligospermophilus · Otospermophilus · Paenemarmota · Palaeosciurus · Parapaenemarmota · Paratamias · Paraxerus · Petaurillus · Petaurista · Petauristodon · Petinomys · Pliopetaurista · Pliopetes · Prosciurillus · Protosciurus · Protospermophilus · Protoxerus · Pteromys · Pteromyscus · Ratufa · Rheithrosciurus · Rhinosciurus · Rubrisciurus · Ruficaudus · Rupestes · Sciurillus · Sciurion · Sciuropterus · Sciurotamias · Sciurus · Similisciurus · Spermophilinus · Spermophilopsis · Spermophilus · Spermophulis · Sundasciurus · Syntheosciurus · Tamias · Tamiasciurus · Tamiops · Trogopterus · Xerus
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 1,209 species and subspecies in the Family Sciuridae.
The Groove-toothed flying squirrel or North Chinese flying squirrel (Aeretes melanopterus) is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is monotypic within the genus Aeretes. It is endemic to China. Its natural habitat is temperate forests. [more]
Large black flying squirrels (genus Aeromys) form a taxon of squirrels under the tribe Pteromyini. They are only found in South-east Asia. [more]
The antelope squirrels or antelope ground squirrels are the genus Ammospermophilus of sciurids found in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. [more]
The Barbary Ground Squirrel (Atlantoxerus getulus) is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is monotypic within the genus Atlantoxerus. It is endemic to Algeria, Morocco, and has also been introduced to the Canary Islands. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, temperate grassland, and rocky areas. [more]
The hairy-footed flying squirrel (Belomys pearsonii) is a flying squirrel found in the mountains of the eastern Himalaya, Southeast Asia, and southern China till the island of Taiwan. It lives at altitudes between 1500 and 2400 m above sea level. [more]
Callosciurus is a genus of squirrels collectively referred to as the "Beautiful squirrels". They are found mainly in Southeast Asia, though a few species also occur in Nepal, northeastern India, Bangladesh and southern China. Several of the species have settled on islands. In total, the genus contains 15 species and numerous varieties and subspecies. The genera Glyphotes, Rubrisciurus, and Tamiops have sometimes been included in Callosciurus. [more]
Prairie dogs (genus Cynomys) are burrowing rodents native to the grasslands of North America. The five different species of prairie dogs are: black-tailed, white-tailed, Gunnison's, Utah and Mexican prairie dogs. They are a type of ground squirrel, found in the United States, Canada and Mexico. In Mexico, prairie dogs are found primarily in the northern states, which lie at the southern end of the Great Plains: northeastern Sonora, north and northeastern Chihuahua, northern Coahuila, northern Nuevo Le?n, and northern Tamaulipas. In the U.S., they range primarily to the west of the Mississippi River, though they have also been introduced in a few eastern locales. They are herbivorous. [more]
Red-cheeked Squirrels (genus Dremomys) form a taxon of squirrels under the subfamily Callosciurinae. They are only found in Asia. [more]
The Kashmir Flying Squirrel (Eoglaucomys fimbriatus) is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is monotypic within the genus Eoglaucomys. It is found in India and Pakistan. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forests. It is threatened by habitat loss. [more]
Epixerus is a genus of in the Sciuridae family, found in Africa. It contains the following species: [more]
The Woolly Flying Squirrel (Eupetaurus cinereus) is the sole species placed in the genus Eupetaurus. Until recently scientific knowledge of this rare species was limited to 11 skins collected in the late nineteenth century. However, recent research has confirmed that it is still extant in Pakistani Kashmir. It is the longest member of the family Sciuridae and the most massive gliding animal known, but observations confirm that despite its size, it does glide effectively like other flying squirrels. [more]
Eutamias is a genus of chipmunks within the tribe Marmotini of the squirrel family. It includes a single living species, the Siberian chipmunk (Eutamias sibiricus). The genus is often treated as a subgenus of Tamias, which is now restricted to the eastern chipmunk of North America. Neotamias, which now includes the western North American chipmunks, has also been included in Eutamias. [more]
Exilisciurus is a genus of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It contains the following species: [more]
Funambulus is a genus of rodent in the Sciuridae family. [more]
African striped squirrels (genus Funisciurus), or rope squirrels, form a taxon of squirrels under the subfamily Xerinae and the tribe Protoxerini. They are only found in western and central Africa. [more]
The two species of New World flying squirrels, genus Glaucomys, are the only species of found in North America. They are distributed from Alaska to Honduras. They are similar in many ways to the Eurasian flying squirrels in the genus Pteromys. The two species of New World flying squirrels can be easily distinguished on the basis of size and ventral pelage. Northern flying squirrels, Glaucomys sabrinus are larger and have belly hair that is dark at the base and white at the tip. Southern flying squirrels, Glaucomys volans, are smaller and have belly hairs that are completely white. [more]
The Sculptor Squirrel (Glyphotes simus) is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is monotypic within the genus Glyphotes. It is endemic to Malaysia. [more]
Sun squirrels (genus Heliosciurus), form a taxon of squirrels under the subfamily Xerinae and the tribe Protoxerini. They are only found in sub-Saharan Africa. [more]
Hylopetes is a genus of . [more]
Hyosciurus is a genus of rodent in the Sciuridae family found in Indonesia. It contains the following species: [more]
Iomys is a genus of in the Sciuridae family. Its species include: [more]
Striped ground squirrels (genus Lariscus) form a taxon of squirrels under the subfamily Callosciurinae. They are only found in Southeast Asia. Species in this genus include: [more]
The marmots are generally large ground squirrels in the genus Marmota, of which there are 15 species. Those most often referred to as marmots tend to live in mountainous areas, such as the Alps, northern Apennines, Eurasian steppes, Carpathians, Tatras, and Pyrenees in Europe and northwestern Asia; the Rocky Mountains, Black Hills, Cascades, and Sierra Nevada in North America; and the Deosai Plateau in Pakistan and Ladakh in India. The groundhog, however, is also sometimes called a marmot, while the similarly sized, but more social, prairie dog is not classified in the genus Marmota but in the related genus Cynomys. [more]
Microsciurus or dwarf squirrels is a genus of squirrels from the tropical regions of Central and South America. [more]
The African Pygmy Squirrel (Myosciurus pumilio) is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is monotypic within the genus Myosciurus. It is found in Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss. It is the world's smallest squirrel measuring to about seventy milimeters, about the size of a mouse. [more]
The black-eared squirrel (Nannosciurus melanotis) is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is monotypic within the genus Nannosciurus. This tiny squirrel is found in forests in Borneo, Sumatra and Java. Except for its striking whitish and black facial markings, the black-eared squirrel resembles the least pygmy squirrel. [more]
The African bush squirrels are a genus, Paraxerus, squirrels of the subfamily Xerinae. They are only found in Africa. [more]
Pygmy flying squirrels (Petaurillus) are a genus of . [more]
Petaurista is a genus of rodent in the Sciuridae family. Squirrels in this family are generally large nocturnal squirrels. It contains the following species: [more]
Petinomys is a genus of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It contains the following species: [more]
Prosciurillus is a genus of rodent in the Sciuridae family, found in Indonesia. It contains the following species: [more]
African Giant Squirrels ( Protoxerus) form a taxon of squirrels under the subfamily Sciurinae. They are only found in Africa. [more]
Commonly referred to as simply the Old World flying squirrels, the genus Pteromys is distributed across temperate Eurasia, Korean Peninsula and Japan. Although there are a host of flying squirrel genera in Asia (particularly southern Asia), Pteromys is the only one present in Europe. [more]
The Smoky Flying Squirrel, Pteromyscus pulverulentus, is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is monotypic within the genus Pteromyscus. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, peninsular Malaysia, and southern Thailand, but its range may be more extensive than currently mapped. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forests. It is listed as endangered because of estimated population loss of 50% in past and future, judging from extensive and rapid habitat loss. [more]
Oriental giant squirrels are very large tree squirrels from the genus Ratufa in the subfamily Ratufinae. They are a distinctive element of the fauna of south and southeast Asia. [more]
The tufted ground squirrel (Rheithrosciurus macrotis) is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is monotypic within the genus Rheithrosciurus. It is found only on the island of Borneo, in Indonesia, Brunei and Malaysia. [more]
The Shrew-faced Squirrel (Rhinosciurus laticaudatus), also known as the Long-nosed Squirrel, is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is monotypic within the genus Rhinosciurus. It is found in forests in Peninsular Malaysia (possibly also in adjacent southern Thailand), Singapore, Sumatra and Borneo. This peculiar, terrestrial squirrel mainly feeds on insects and earthworms. It quite closely resembles a Tupaia treeshrew in appearance, but the Shrew-faced Squirrel can be recognized by its shorter gape, and shorter and more bushy tail. [more]
The Red-bellied squirrel (Rubrisciurus rubriventer) is a species of squirrel. Until recently, it was described as a species in the genus Callosciurus, but since the 1990s it is generally placed in its own genus Rubrisciurus. It is endemic on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. With a length of 25 cm (head and body), it is rather large for a squirrel. It lives in the tree tops of the rainforests of the island. [more]
The Neotropical pygmy squirrel (Sciurillus pusillus) is a very small tree squirrel, being the only living species in the genus Sciurillus and the subfamily Sciurillinae. It is found in the lowland rainforests of Brazil, Colombia, Peru, French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname. [more]
Sciurotamias is a genus of in the Sciuridae family, found in China. It contains the following species: [more]
The genus Sciurus contains most of the common, bushy-tailed squirrels in North America, Europe, temperate Asia, Central America and South America. [more]
The Long-clawed Ground Squirrel (Spermophilopsis leptodactylus) is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is monotypic within the genus Spermophilopsis. It is found in Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. [more]
The genus Spermophilus is the largest genus of ground squirrels and the one that contains the species that are most common and familiar in . Members of the genus are found from western Europe to Siberia and Alaska to northern Mexico. The Eurasian species are sometimes called susliks (or sousliks). The latter name come from Russian ??????, suslik (compare also Polish: ) [more]
Sundasciurus is a genus of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It contains two subgenera with 15 species: [more]
Bangs's Mountain Squirrel (Syntheosciurus brochus) is a nearly unknown species of tree squirrel, that only lives in Costa Rica and Panama. It can be found in mountain rain forests at an altitude between 1,900 and 2,600 metres (6,200 and 8,500 ft), and lives mainly in the tree tops, but sometimes on the forest floor as well. One of its habitats is at the summit of the Po?s Volcano in Costa Rica, in a Clusia forest that is almost inaccessible for humans. [more]
Chipmunks are small, striped squirrels. All species of chipmunks are found in North America, with the exception of the Siberian chipmunk, which is found in Asia. [more]
Pine squirrels are of the genus Tamiasciurus. Currently only two species are classified in this genus, the American Red Squirrel T. hudsonicus and the Douglas Squirrel T. douglasii. Both are native to North America: pine squirrels can be found in the northern and western United States, most of Canada and Alaska. [more]
Asiatic striped squirrels are a genus, Tamiops, of squirrels in the subfamily Callosciurinae. They are only found in Asia. [more]
The complex-toothed flying squirrel (Trogopterus xanthipes) is a flying squirrel found in the southern Chinese provinces Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou, Sichuan and Yunnan. Its name originates from the teeth, which differ from the other flying squirrels. The squirrel looks similar to other flying squirrels, most strikingly is a cluster of black hair at the bottom of the ear. The fur is grey-brown on top and white on bottom. Both its face and its tail are slightly red. The length of the body is about 30 cm, plus the tail which is another 30 cm long. The complex-toothed flying squirrel is an endangered species, both due to the destructions of forests as well as due to hunting. [more]
African ground squirrels (genus Xerus) form a taxon of squirrels under the subfamily Xerinae. They are only found in Africa. There is another African ground squirrel of the genus Atlantoxerus, the Atlantoxerus getulus present in southwestern Morocco and northern Western Sahara. It is invasive in the Canary Islands since an introduction in 1971. [more]
At least 9 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Xerus.
More info about the Genus Xerus may be found here.
- Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1862: 145
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