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Porifera

(Phylum)

Overview

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The sponges. Non-mobile animals consisting of many cells but built on a different plan from the Metazoa and are hence grouped separately. They have no nervous system and posses collar cells (choanocytes). Currents of water are drawn into the body through small pores (ostia) and passed out through larger pores (oscula), food particles being collected in the process. In most sponges the body is supported by a skeleton of calcium carbonate, silica or spongin.

Multicellular organisms containing a system of chambers and passageways that allow water to circulate constantly through the body. In many species, body size and shape is highly variable. Many sponges have a skeleton consisting of either calcium carbonate, silicon dioxide, or collagen fibers, or a combination of these substances. Sponges can reproduce sexually or asexually. In sexual reproduction, a larva called a parenchymula often develops in the sponge and swims out to live freely for a day or two before settling to the substrate. Sponges are suspension feeders, creating currents that draw in plankton and organic detritus from the water column.

Photos

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Taxonomy

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The Phylum Porifera is a member of the Kingdom Animalia. Here is the complete "parentage" of Porifera:

The Phylum Porifera is further organized into finer groupings including:

Families

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Acanthinocyathidae

[more]

Acanthochaetetidae

[more]

Acarnidae

[more]

Achramorphidae

Achramorphidae is a family of the order Leucosolenida. [more]

Actinostromarianinidae

[more]

Actinostromariidae

[more]

Actinostromatidae

[more]

Adociidae

[more]

Agelasidae

[more]

Aglithodictyidae

[more]

Ajacicyathidae

[more]

Alectonidae

[more]

Amphilectidae

[more]

Amphoriscidae

Amphoriscidae is a family of the order Leucosolenida. [more]

Anchinoidae

[more]

Ancorinidae

The Ancorinidae are a family of marine sponges belonging to the order of Astrophorida. [more]

Anthaspidellidae

[more]

Aphrocallistidae

[more]

Aphrosalpingidae

[more]

Aplysellidae

[more]

Aplysinellidae

[more]

Aplysinidae

[more]

Archaeocyathidae

[more]

Archaeoschyphiidae

[more]

Astraeospongiidae

[more]

Astrocladiidae

[more]

Astroscleridae

[more]

Astylospongiidae

[more]

Aulaceridae

[more]

Aulaxiniidae

[more]

Aulocalycidae

[more]

Aulocystidae

[more]

Auriculospongiidae

[more]

Axinellidae

Axinellidae is a family of sponges in the order Halichondrida. [more]

Azoricidae

[more]

Baeriidae

[more]

Barroisiidae

[more]

Becksiidae

[more]

Brachiospongiidae

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Bronchocyathidae

[more]

Bubaridae

[more]

Burgundiidae

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Calcifibrospongiidae

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Callodictyidae

[more]

Callyspongiidae

[more]

Calthropellidae

[more]

Calyptrellidae

[more]

Camerospongiidae

[more]

Carterellidae

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Catenispongiidae

[more]

Caulophacidae

[more]

Celyphiidae

[more]

Ceotinellidae

[more]

Ceratoporellidae

[more]

Chalinidae

Chalinidae is a family of marine demosponges. [more]

Cheilosporitiidae

[more]

Chenendoporidae

[more]

Chiastoclonellidae

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Choanitidae

[more]

Choiidae

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Chondrillidae

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Chondropsidae

[more]

Chondrosiidae

[more]

Chonellidae

[more]

Cladorhizidae

[more]

Clathriidae

[more]

Clathrinidae

Clathrinidae is a family of Clathrinida. [more]

Clathrodictyidae

[more]

Cliefdenellidae

[more]

Clionaidae

Clionaidae is a family of demosponges which are known worldwide. This family is known for boring holes in calcareous material such as mollusc shells and corals, using both chemical and mechanical processes, . [more]

Cnemidiastridae

[more]

Coeloptychiidae

[more]

Coeloscyphiidae

[more]

Coelosphaeridae

[more]

Colospongiidae

[more]

Coppatiidae

The Ancorinidae are a family of marine sponges belonging to the order of Astrophorida. [more]

Corallistidae

[more]

Coscinocyathidae

[more]

Coscinoporidae

[more]

Crambeidae

Crambeidae is a family of marine demosponges. [more]

Craniellidae

[more]

Craticulariidae

[more]

Crellidae

Crellidae is a family of marine demosponges in the order Poecilosclerida. [more]

Cribrospongiidae

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Cribrothalamiidae

[more]

Cryptocoeliidae

[more]

Cylindrophymatidae

[more]

Cypelliidae

[more]

Cystothalamiidae

[more]

Cytoraceidae

[more]

Dactylocalycidae

[more]

Darwinellidae

Darwinellidae is a family of sponges of the order Dendroceratida. [more]

Dendoricellidae

[more]

Densastromatidae

[more]

Desmacellidae

Desmacellidae is a family of marine demosponges. [more]

Desmacididae

[more]

Desmacidonidae

[more]

Desmanthidae

[more]

Desmoxyidae

[more]

Desmoxyiidae

[more]

Diapleuridae

[more]

Dictyocyathidae

[more]

Dictyodendrillidae

Dictyodendrillidae is a family of sponges of the order Dendroceratida. [more]

Dictyonellidae

[more]

Dictyospongiidae

[more]

Dierespongiidae

[more]

Diplostromatidae

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Discocoeliidae

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Discodermiidae

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Discostromatidae

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Docodermatidae

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Dorydermatidae

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Dysideidae

[more]

Ecclimadictyidae

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Elasmocoeliidae

[more]

Elasmostomatidae

[more]

Endostomatidae

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Eospongiidae

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Esperiopsidae

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Euplectellidae

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Euretidae

[more]

Euryponidae

[more]

Exotubispongiidae

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Farreidae

[more]

Flindersicyathidae

[more]

Geodiidae

Geodiidae is an family of sea sponges. It contains the following genera: [more]

Gigantothalamiidae

[more]

Gignouxiidae

[more]

Girtyocoeliidae

[more]

Glomocystospongiidae

[more]

Grantiidae

Grantiidae is a family of the order Leucosolenida. [more]

Guadalupiidae

[more]

Guitarridae

[more]

Halichondriidae

Halichondriidae is a family of marine demosponges belonging to the order Halichondrida. These sponges have a skeleton consisting of dense bundles of spicules occurring in a more or less random pattern. [more]

Halichondritidae

[more]

Haliclonidae

[more]

Halinidae

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Halisarcidae

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Hallirhoidae

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Hamacanthidae

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Hamptoniidae

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Haplistiidae

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Hazeliidae

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Heliospongiidae

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Hemiasterellidae

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Hermatostromatidae

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Hetairacyathidae

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Heteropiidae

Heteropiidae is a family of the order Leucosolenida. [more]

Heteroxyidae

[more]

Hindiidae

[more]

Hintzespongiidae

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Hyalonematidae

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Hydnodictyidae

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Hymedesmiidae

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Hymeniacidonidae

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Ianthellidae

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Intrasporeocoeliidae

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Iotrochotidae

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Irciniidae

Irciniidae is a family of marine demosponges. [more]

Isodictyidae

Isodictyidae is a family of marine demosponges. [more]

Isoraphiniidae

[more]

Jaspidae

[more]

Jenkinidae

Jenkinidae is a family of the order Leucosolenida. [more]

Jereidae

[more]

Jereopsidae

[more]

Kaliapsidae

[more]

Labechiidae

[more]

Latrunculiidae

[more]

Lecanellidae

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Leiodorellidae

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Lelapiellidae

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Lelapiidae

Lelapiidae is a family of the order Leucosolenida. [more]

Lepidoleuconidae

[more]

Leptomitidae

[more]

Leptophragmatidae

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Leucaltidae

Leucaltidae is a family in the order Clathrinida. [more]

Leucascidae

Leucascidae is a family of sponges in the order Clathrinida. [more]

Leucettidae

Leucettidae is an order of sea sponges in the subclass Calcinea. [more]

Leuconiidae

[more]

Leucopsacadidae

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Leucopsacasiidae

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Leucopsacidae

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Leucosoleniidae

Leucosoleniidae is a family of the order Leucosolenida. [more]

Levinellidae

[more]

Lithistida

[more]

Lophiostromatidae

[more]

Lubomirskiidae

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Macandrewiidae

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Maeandrostiidae

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Malumispongiidae

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Merliidae

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Metacyathidae

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Metaniidae

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Metschnikowiidae

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Microcionidae

Microcionidae is a family of marine demosponges. [more]

Milleporellidae

[more]

Milliporellidae

[more]

Milliporidiidae

[more]

Minchinellidae

Lithonida is an order of calcareous sponges in the class Calcarea in the animal phylum Porifera. [more]

Monorhaphididae

Monorhaphididae is a monotypic family of siliceous deep sea Hexactinellid sponges. The single taxon is the type species Monorhaphis chuni, a sponge known for creating a single giant basal spicule (GBS) to anchor the sponge in the sediments. The species was described by Franz Eilhard Schulze in 1904 from specimens collected by the in 1898-1899. [more]

Multivasculatidae

[more]

Murrayonidae

The Murrayonida are a type of sea sponge, an order of Calcinea. Murrayonida are distinguished from other Calcinea by having a reinforced skeleton; like another line of Calcinea, the Leucettidae, but unlike most other Calcinea, the Murrayonida sponges also have a cortex covering the cormus and a leuconoid aquiferous system. The order consists of three known species, each in its own family: Murrayona phanolepis in the family Murrayonidae, Lelapiella incrustans in the family Lelapiellidae, and Paramurrayona corticata in the family Paramurrayonidae. Murrayona phanolepis was discovered by C. W. Andrews on Christmas Island, and described and named by Kirkpatrick (1910); Kirkpatrick proposed the species name in honor of Sir John Murray, who financed the Christmas Island expedition, and the corresponding name was later given to the order. [more]

Mycalidae

Mycalidae is a family of marine demosponges. [more]

Myxillidae

Myxillidae is a family of marine demosponges. [more]

Neopeltidae

[more]

Niphatidae

[more]

Olangocoeliidae

[more]

Oncotoechidae

[more]

Pachastrellidae

[more]

Pachynionidae

[more]

Paramurrayonidae

[more]

Parastromatoporoidae

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Pattersoniidae

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Pelicaspongiidae

[more]

Petrobionidae

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Petrosiidae

[more]

Pharetrospongiidae

[more]

Phellodermidae

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Pheronematidae

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Phloeodictyidae

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Phorbasidae

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Phragmocoeliidae

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Phymaraphiniidae

[more]

Phymatellidae

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Pileolitidae

[more]

Piraniidae

[more]

Placospongiidae

[more]

Plakinastrellidae

[more]

Plakinidae

Homoscleromorpha is a subclass (possibly a class) of marine demosponges containing a single order, Homosclerophorida and a single family, Plakinidae. [more]

Platychoniidae

[more]

Pleromatidae

[more]

Pleromidae

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Pleurostomatidae

[more]

Plinthosellidae

[more]

Plocamiidae

[more]

Podospongiidae

[more]

Polyblastidiidae

[more]

Polymastiidae

Polymastiidae is a family of demosponges found in oceans throughout the world. A useful diagnostic characteristic of members of this family is the presence of numerous surface although this feature is shown by some other sponges. [more]

Polysiphonidae

[more]

Polytholosiidae

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Potamolepidae

[more]

Potamolepiidae

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Preperonidellidae

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Protospongiidae

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Psammascidae

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Pseudoceratinidae

[more]

Pseudolabechiidae

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Pseudoverruculinidae

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Pyruspongiidae

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Raspailiidae

[more]

Receptaculitidae

[more]

Rhabderemiidae

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Rosellidae

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Rosenellidae

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Rossellidae

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Salzburgiidae

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Samidae

[more]

Scleritodermatidae

[more]

Scleritodermidae

[more]

Scolioraphididae

[more]

Scytaliidae

[more]

Sebargasiidae

[more]

Seliscothonidae

[more]

Sestrostomellidae

[more]

Sigmaxinellidae

[more]

Siphonidiidae

[more]

Siphoniidae

[more]

Soleneiscidae

Soleneiscidae is a family of Clathrinida sponges, which contains thirteen species in two genera. [more]

Solenolmiidae

[more]

Sollasellidae

[more]

Sphaeractiniidae

[more]

Sphaerocoeliidae

[more]

Sphaeropontiidae

[more]

Spirasigmidae

[more]

Spirastrellidae

[more]

Spongiidae

[more]

Spongillidae

The Spongillidae are a family of sponges that live in fresh water lakes. There are 23 genera. [more]

Stachyoditidae

[more]

Stauractinellidae

[more]

Staurodermatidae

[more]

Staurorrhaphidae

[more]

Stellettidae

[more]

Stellispongiellidae

[more]

Stellispongiidae

[more]

Stereodictyidae

[more]

Stictostromatidae

[more]

Stiodermatidae

[more]

Streptosolenidae

[more]

Stromatoporidae

[more]

Stylocordylidae

[more]

Suberitidae

Suberitidae is a family of demosponges belonging to the order Hadromerida. [more]

Sycettidae

Sycettidae is a family of calcareous sponges in the order Leucosolenida. [more]

Syringostromatidae

[more]

Syringostromellidae

[more]

Takakkawiidae

[more]

Tebagathalamiidae

[more]

Tedaniidae

[more]

Teinodictyidae

[more]

Tethyidae

[more]

Tetillidae

Tetillidae is a family of marine demosponges. Tetillids are more or less spherical sponges (sometimes referred to as golf ball sponges) which are found commonly in all marine habitats at all depths throughout the world. They are especially common in sedimented habitats. [more]

Thaumastocoeliidae

[more]

Theneidae

[more]

Theonellidae

[more]

Thorectidae

[more]

Thrombidae

[more]

Timeidae

[more]

Titusvillidae

[more]

Trachycladidae

[more]

Tretodictyidae

[more]

Trichogypsiidae

[more]

Uncinateridae

[more]

Uphantenidae

[more]

Vauxiidae

[more]

Ventriculitidae

[more]

Verongiidae

[more]

Verticillitidae

[more]

Vetulinidae

[more]

Virgolidae

[more]

Wapkiidae

[more]

Wewokellidae

[more]

At least 4 species and subspecies belong to the Family Wewokellidae.

More info about the Family Wewokellidae may be found here.

Sources

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Last Revised: August 25, 2014
2014/08/25 12:33:47