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Plethodontidae

(Family)

Overview

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A Family in the Kingdom Animalia.

Photos

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Taxonomy

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The Family Plethodontidae is further organized into finer groupings including:

Genera

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Anaides

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Aneides

Climbing salamanders is the common name for plethodontid (lungless) salamanders of the genus Aneides. As this name suggests, most of these species have prehensile tails and are as mobile up a tree as in a stream. All six species inhabit mountain ecosystems, and all but two are found primarily in the mountains of California. [more]

Atylodes

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Batrachoceps

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Batrachoseps

Slender salamander is the name often given to (lungless) salamanders of the genus Batrachoseps. They are distinguished from other lungless salamanders by their four toes on each foot. Their range is from Oregon and California (USA) to northern Baja California (Mexico). [more]

Bolitoglossa

Bolitoglossa also called Tropical climbing salamanders or Web-footed Salamanders is a genus of in the Plethodontidae family. Their range is Central and South America: Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, northeastern Brazil, and central Bolivia. These are Arboreal, Neotropical salamanders. The feet are fully webbed, enabling them to cling to smooth surfaces. [more]

Bradytriton

Bradytriton silus or Finca Chiblac Salamander is a species of in the Plethodontidae family. It is monotypic within the genus Bradytriton. It is endemic to Guatemala. [more]

Chiropterotriton

Chiropterotriton or Splayfoot Salamanders is a genus of in the Plethodontidae family, endemic to Mexico. [more]

Cryptotriton

Cryptotriton or Hidden Salamanders is a genus of in the Plethodontidae family, endemic to South America. [more]

Dendrotriton

Dendrotriton or bromeliad salamanders is a genus of in the Plethodontidae family, endemic to South and Central America: from Southwestern Chiapas, Mexico, to Honduras. These are lungless species possessing a slender body, long tail and prominent eyes. They inhabit high-elevation forests with high humidity. [more]

Desmognathus

Desmognathus is a genus of lungless salamanders known as dusky salamanders, ranging from Eastern USA to Southeastern Canada. [more]

Ensatina

Ensatina eschscholtzii (commonly known by its genus name, Ensatina) is a complex of plethodontid (lungless) salamanders found in coniferous forests, oak woodland and chaparral from British Columbia, through Washington, Oregon, across California (where all seven subspecies variations are located), all the way down to Baja California in Mexico. [more]

Eurycea

Eurycea is a genus of salamanders, native to North America. These salamanders are commonly referred to as brook salamanders. [more]

Gyrinophilus

Gyrinophilus, commonly referred to as Spring salamanders is a genus of in the Plethodontidae family, endemic to the Appalachian mountains of the eastern USA and Canada. Their habitat is under rocks in cold, clear springs and streams in forested areas. [more]

Haideotriton

The Georgia Blind Salamander (Haideotriton wallacei) is a species of salamander in the Plethodontidae family. It is most commonly classified as genus Eurycea, but was historically considered monotypic within its own genus, Haideotriton.[] It is endemic to the United States. [more]

Hemidactylium

The Four-toed Salamander (Hemidactylium scutatum) is a Lungless Salamander native to eastern North America. It is a monotypic species of the Hemidactylium genus. (In Francophone Canada, it is called the salamandre ? quatre orteils.) [more]

Hydromantes

Hydromantes commonly referred to as Web-toed Salamanders is a genus of the family of salamanders, which is characterized by their absence of lungs; they instead achieve respiration through their skin and the tissues lining their mouth. They are endemic to Northern California, USA. [more]

Ixalotriton

Ixalotriton is a genus of in the Plethodontidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Karsenia

The Korean crevice salamander (Karsenia koreana) is a lungless salamander. It dwells under rocks in limestone forest areas of the Korean peninsula. It was discovered by Stephen J. Karsen, an American science teacher working in Daejeon, South Korea, in 2005. [more]

Lineatriton

Lineatriton is a genus of in the Plethodontidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Nototriton

Nototriton, commonly referred to as Moss Salamanders is a genus in the family of salamanders, which is characterized by their absence of lungs; they instead achieve respiration through their skin and the tissues lining their mouth. They range from Central Costa Rica to north-central and western Honduras reaching also to eastern Guatemala. [more]

Nyctanolis

Nyctanolis pernix, also commonly referred to as Long-limbed Salamander is a species of in the Plethodontidae family, which is characterized by its absence of lungs; it instead achieve respiration through its skin and the tissues lining the mouth. It is monotypic within the genus Nyctanolis. It is found in Guatemala and Mexico. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montanes. It is threatened by habitat loss. [more]

Oedipina

Oedipina or worm salamanders is a genus in the family of salamanders, which is characterized by their absence of lungs; they instead achieve respiration through their skin and the tissues lining their mouth. They are endemic to Mexico, Colombia and Ecuador. The name derives from their extraordinarily slender form with tiny limbs and digits. [more]

Oedipus

A Genus in the Kingdom unknown!.[1] [more]

Parvimolge

Parvimolge townsendi or Tropical dwarf salamnder is a in the Plethodontidae family, which is characterized by its absence of lungs; it instead achieve respiration through its skin and the tissues lining the mouth. It is monotypic within the genus Parvimolge and endemic to Mexico. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montanes, and plantations . It is threatened by habitat loss. [more]

Phaeognathus

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Plethodon

Woodland salamanders are of the genus Plethodon. They are so named due to their habitat, woodlands, and the fact that they have no aquatic larval stage. Eggs are laid underneath a stone or log and young hatch in the adult form. [more]

Pseudoeurycea

Pseudoeurycea is a genus of in the Plethodontidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Pseudotriton

Pseudotriton is a genus of in the Plethodontidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Psuedotriton

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Speleomantes

Speleomantes is a genus of in the Plethodontidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Spelerpes

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Stereochilus

The Many-lined Salamander (Stereochilus marginatus) is a species of salamander in the Plethodontidae family. It is monotypic within the genus Stereochilus.[] It is endemic to the United States. [more]

Thorius

Thorius also known as Minute Salamanders is a genus of in the Plethodontidae family distributed from Western and Southern North America south to Brazil. The members of this genus are characterized by a small body - some species are less than 2 cm (0.8 in.) in length. [more]

Typhlotriton

The Grotto Salamander (Typhlotriton spelaeus) is a species of salamander in the Plethodontidae family. It is monotypic within the genus Typhlotriton.[] It is endemic to the United States. [more]

Urspelerpes

More info about the Genus Urspelerpes may be found here.

Bibliography

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Footnotes

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  1. http://www.ubio.org/browser/details.php?namebankID=113176

Sources

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Last Revised: October 03, 2013
2013/10/03 20:17:22