Pectinoidea is a superfamily of marine bivalve mollusks.
The Pectinoidea include the following families:
- Raines, B. K. & Poppe, G. T. (2006): The Family Pectinidae. In: Poppe, G. T. & Groh, K.: A Conchological Iconography. 402 pp., 320 color plts., ConchBooks, Hackenheim, ISBN 3-925919-78-3.
The Superfamily Pectinoidea is further organized into finer groupings including:
The Pectinidae (from Latin pecten meaning comb), common name "scallops", are a family of saltwater bivalve mollusks. They are hermaphrodite, and the male gonads mature first. There are numerous species of various sizes in all of the oceans, and a number species are of commercial importance. Some pectinidae live attached by means of a filament they secrete, others are simply recumbent, but a form of jet-propulsion created by repeatedly clapping their valves closed can propel them swiftly but erratically through the water when they sense the presence of a predator such as a starfish. [more]
Propeamussiidae is a family of bivalves, related to oysters and scallops. It contains nine genera. [more]
Spondylus is a genus of bivalve molluscs, the only genus in the family Spondylidae. As well as being the systematic or scientific name, Spondylus is also the most often used common name for these animals, though they are also known as thorny oysters or spiny oysters. [more]
At least 157 species and subspecies belong to the Family Spondylidae.
More info about the Family Spondylidae may be found here.
- Henk H. Dijkstra & Bruce A. Marshall, The Recent Pectinoidea of the New Zealand region (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Propeamussiidae, Pectinidae and Spondylidae); Molluscan Research 28(1): 1-88; published 14 Mar. 2008 (abstract)
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