Coppers are members of the Family Lycaenidae. They are found in sunny, open habitats throughout the temperate zone, with 50 species found in Eurasia and North America. One isolated species lives on volcanoes in Guatemala, and a few species live in New Guinea, New Zealand, and northern Africa. No species are known migrants, but several are local colonists. Coppers typically have upper wing surfaces that are iridescent purple or red-orange, but some North American species are blue, brown, or gray. Males perch and interact with other males while awaiting receptive females. Most species have a single brood and overwinter as eggs or as first instar caterpillars within the egg. The caterpillars feed on leaves of host plants, which in North America are docks, knotweeds, buckwheats, cinquefoils, gooseberries, currants, or redberry.
The Subfamily Lycaeninae is a member of the Family Lycaenidae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Lycaeninae:
- Domain: Eukaryota
Whittaker & Margulis,1978 - eukaryotes
- Kingdom: Animalia
C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
- Subkingdom: Bilateria
(Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983 - bilaterians
- Branch: Protostomia
Grobben, 1908 - protostomes
- Infrakingdom: Ecdysozoa
A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - ecdysozoans
- Superphylum: Panarthropoda
- Phylum: Arthropoda
Latreille, 1829 - Arthropods
- Subphylum: Mandibulata
- Infraphylum: Atelocerata
- Superclass: Panhexapoda
- Class: Insecta
C. Linnaeus, 1758 - Insects
- Subclass: Dicondylia
- Class: Insecta C. Linnaeus, 1758 - Insects
- Superclass: Panhexapoda
- Infraphylum: Atelocerata Heymons, 1901
- Subphylum: Mandibulata Snodgrass, 1938
- Phylum: Arthropoda Latreille, 1829 - Arthropods
- Superphylum: Panarthropoda Cuvier
- Infrakingdom: Ecdysozoa A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - ecdysozoans
- Branch: Protostomia Grobben, 1908 - protostomes
- Subkingdom: Bilateria (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983 - bilaterians
- Kingdom: Animalia C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
The Subfamily Lycaeninae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Tribe (2): Hypolycaenini · Polyommatini
- Genus (46): Acrodipsas · Acupicta · Arota · Bindahara · Caleta · Callictita · Catopyrops · Chrysophanus · Discolampa · Epimastidia · Erysichton · Eupsychellus · Famegana · Heliophorus · Heodes · Hyllus · Hypolycaena · Ionolyce · Iophanus · Leptotes · Logania · Lycaena · Megisba · Melanolycaena · Monodontoides · Neopithecops · Nesolycaena · Nothodanis · Palaeochrysophanus · Paraduba · Perpheres · Pistoria · Prosotas · Psychonotis · Sahulana · Spalgis · Surendra · Tartesa · Thaumaina · Theclinesthes · Thersamonia · Udara · Upolampes · Virachola · Zizeeria · Zizula
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 1,249 species and subspecies in the Subfamily Lycaeninae.
Acrodipsas is a genus of butterflies. There are ten species in this genus all endemic to the Australasian ecozone: [more]
Acupicta is a genus of butterfly in the family Lycaenidae.The members (species) are found in the Indomalaya ecozone and the Australasian ecozone. [more]
Bindahara is a genus of in the family Lycaenidae. [more]
Heliophorus is a genus of butterflies. [more]
Leptotes can refer to [more]
Logania is a genus of plants belonging to the family . Native to Australia and New Zealand the genus at least 24 species including herbs, shrub, trees and climbers. [more]
Lycaena is a genus with a world-wide range. It is commonly divided into several subgenera, such as Antipodolycaena. Many formerly independent genera are nowadays subsumed within Lycaena, and the genus Gaiedes may well belong herein too. [more]
At least 12 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Zizula.
More info about the Genus Zizula may be found here.
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