The Family Hydrophiidae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Subfamily (1): Hydrophiinae
- Genus (17): Acanthophis · Aipysurus · Aspidomorphus · Aturia · Demansia · Diemenia · Hydrophis · Kerilia · Laticauda · Neelaps · Notechis · Oxyuranus · Polyodontognathus · Pseudechis · Pseudonaja · Suta · Toxicocalamus
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 167 species and subspecies in the Family Hydrophiidae.
Acanthophis is a genus of elapid snakes. Commonly called death adders, they are native to Australia, New Guinea and nearby islands, and are among the most venomous snakes in the world. The name of the genus derives from the Ancient Greek acanthos/??a???? "spine" and ophis/?f?? "snake", referring to the spine on the death adder's tail. [more]
Aipysurus is a genus of venomous sea snakes found in warm seas from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. Currently, 7 species are recognized. [more]
Aspidomorphus is a genus of venomous elapid snakes found in New Guinea and neighbouring islands. They are commonly called Collared adders or Crown snakes. These are small snakes with rounded snouts and small eyes. Very little is known about these nocturnal burrowing species. [more]
Hydrophis is a genus of sea snakes. They are typically found in Indoaustralian and Southeast Asian waters. Currently, more than 30 species are recognized. [more]
Tiger snakes are a type of venomous snake found in southern regions of Australia, including its coastal islands and Tasmania. These snakes are highly variable in their color, often banded like those on a tiger, and forms in their regional occurrences. All populations are in the genus Notechis, and their diverse characters have been described in further subdivisions of this group; they are sometimes described as distinct species and/or subspecies. [more]
The taipans are a genus of large, fast, highly venomous Australasian snakes of the elapid family. [more]
The genus Pseudechis contains the group of elapids commonly referred to as the Black Snakes. These snakes are found in every Australian state with the exception of Tasmania and some species are found in Papua New Guinea. They inhabit a variety of habitat types, from arid areas to swampland. All species are dangerous (Pseudechis signifying "like a viper, Gr. echis") and can inflict a potentially lethal bite. Most snakes in this genus reach about 2m and vary in color. Some species are brown, where others may be black. The most recognisable and widespread species in the genus are the Red-bellied Black Snake (Pseudechis porphyriacus) and the Mulga Snake (King Brown) (Pseudechis australis). These snakes will feed on lizards, frogs, birds, small mammals and even other snakes. All species, except the Red-bellied Black Snake are egg laying. The genus Pailsus has been shown to be a synonym of Pseudechis, and more work is needed to understand species limits among the smaller species of the group. [more]
Pseudonaja is a genus of venomous elapid snakes native to Australia. Members are known commonly as brown snakes and are considered to be one of the most dangerous snakes in the country; even young snakes are capable of delivering a fatal envenomation to a human. [more]
At least 12 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Toxicocalamus .
More info about the Genus Toxicocalamus may be found here.
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