The Family Hyaenidae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Subfamily (2): Hyaeninae · Protelinae
- Tribe (1): Melieae
- Genus (21): Adcrocuta · Chasmaporthetes · Crocuta · Dinocrocuta · Euryboas · Herpestides · Hyaena · Hyaenictis · Hyaenictitherium · Ictitherium · Lycyaena · Pachycrocuta · Palinhyaena · Parahyaena · Percrocuta · Pliocrocuta · Plioviverrops · Proteles · Protictitherium · Thalassictis · Tungurictis
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 109 species and subspecies in the Family Hyaenidae.
The spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta), also known as the laughing hyena or tiger wolf, is a species of hyena native to Sub-Saharan Africa. It is listed as Least Concern by the IUCN on account of its widespread range and large numbers estimated at 10,000 individuals. The species is however experiencing declines outside of protected areas due to habitat loss and poaching. The species may have originated in Asia, and once ranged throughout Europe for at least one million years until the end of the Late Pleistocene. The spotted hyena is the largest member of the Hyaenidae, and is further physically distinguished from other species by its vaguely bear-like build, its rounded ears, its less prominent mane, its spotted pelt, its more dual purposed dentition, its fewer nipples and the presence of a pseudo-penis in the female. It is the only mammalian species to lack an external vaginal opening. [more]
Hyenas or Hyaenas (from Greek "?a??a" - hyaina) are the animals of the family Hyaenidae ( /h?'?n?d?/) of suborder feliforms of the Carnivora. It is the fourth smallest biological family in the Carnivora (consisting of four species), and one of the smallest in the mammalia. Despite their low diversity, hyenas are unique and vital components to most African and some Asian ecosystems. [more]
Ictitherium is an extinct genus belonging to the family Hyaenidae and the subfamily erected by Trouessart in 1897. Ictitherium species were endemic to Eurasia and Africa during the Middle Miocene through the Early Pliocene (12.7?5.3 mya) and existed approximately 7.4 million years. [more]
Pachycrocuta was a genus of prehistoric hyenas. The largest and most well-researched species was the giant hyena Pachycrocuta brevirostris, which stood about 100 cm (39 in) at the shoulder and may have weighed 190 kg (420 lb) ? the size of a lioness. This would make it the largest hyena to have ever lived. It lived between the Middle Pliocene and the Middle Pleistocene, about 3 million to 500,000 years ago. Fossil remains have been found in many localities of Eurasia and southern and eastern Africa. Most material consists of fragmented remains, usually of the skull, but there has been a cache of very comprehensive bone material unearthed at the famous Zhoukoudian locality which probably represents the remains of animals which used these caves as lairs for many millennia, while at the western end of their former range, a huge assemblage of Pleistocene fossils at Venta Micena in southeastern Spain also represents a den. [more]
The brown hyena (Hyaena brunnea, formerly Parahyaena brunnea) is a species of hyena which occurs in Namibia, Botswana, western and southern Zimbabwe, southern Mozambique and South Africa. It is currently the rarest hyena. [more]
Percrocuta is an extinct genus of hyena-like feliform carnivores. It lived in Europe, Asia, and Africa, during the Miocene epoch. [more]
The aardwolf (Proteles cristata) is a small, insectivorous mammal, native to East Africa and Southern Africa. Its name means "earth wolf" in the Afrikaans / Dutch language. It is also called "maanhaar jackal". The aardwolf is in the same family with the hyenas, but unlike its relatives, the aardwolf does not hunt large animals. The aardwolf usually eats insects. It eats mostly termites, and one aardwolf can eat about 200,000 termites during a single night by using its long, sticky tongue to capture them. [more]
More info about the Genus Tungurictis may be found here.
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