Heteroderinae is a of roundworms.
The Subfamily Heteroderinae is a member of the Family Phasianidae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Heteroderinae:
- Domain: Eukaryota
Whittaker & Margulis,1978 - eukaryotes
- Kingdom: Animalia
Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
- Subkingdom: Bilateria
(Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983 - bilaterians
- Branch: Deuterostomia
Grobben, 1908 - Deuterostomes
- Infrakingdom: Chordonia
(Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Phylum: Chordata
Bateson, 1885 - Chordates
- Subphylum: Vertebrata
Cuvier, 1812 - Vertebrates
- Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Auct. - Jawed Vertebrates
- Superclass: Tetrapoda
Goodrich, 1930 - Tetrapods
- Class: Aves Linnaeus, 1758 - Birds
- Superclass: Tetrapoda Goodrich, 1930 - Tetrapods
- Infraphylum: Gnathostomata Auct. - Jawed Vertebrates
- Subphylum: Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812 - Vertebrates
- Phylum: Chordata Bateson, 1885 - Chordates
- Infrakingdom: Chordonia (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Deuterostomia Grobben, 1908 - Deuterostomes
- Subkingdom: Bilateria (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983 - bilaterians
- Kingdom: Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
The Subfamily Heteroderinae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Tribe (5): Coronilleae · Lilieae · Melieae · Orgyiini · Sisymbrieae
- Genus (20): Cactodera · Elatobium · Fiorinia · Galearis · Globodera · Heterodera · Isatis · Isoplexis · Isopogon · Itea · Ixiolirion · Kinixys · Lilium · Lycopodium · Meleagris · Notophthalmus · Pseudips · Punctodera · Stagmomantis · Weigela
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 46 species and subspecies in the Subfamily Heteroderinae.
Herbs, perennial, scapose, rather succulent. Roots not tuberously thickened, fascicled, fleshy. Stems bractless proximal to inflorescence, conspicuously angled. Leaves [1-]2, basal, spreading, conduplicate, gradually narrowed to sheathing petioles; blade oblance-ovate to obovate, elliptic, or suborbiculate, apex rounded-obtuse. Inflorescences terminal, solitary, racemose spikes; bracts large, foliaceous. Flowers 2-15, resupinate, showy; lip protruding downward from hood formed by sepals and enclosing petals, base produced into spur; pollinaria 2; pollinia 2; viscidia within single 2-lobed bursicle; stigma concave, hidden behind bursicle. Fruits capsules, erect. [more]
Herbs annual, biennial, or perennial, often glaucous. Trichomes absent or simple. Stems erect, simple at base, paniculately branched above. Basal leaves petiolate or rarely sessile, rosulate or not, simple, entire, dentate, or pinnately lobed. Cauline leaves sessile and auriculate, sagittate, or amplexicaul at base, rarely petiolate and attenuate, entire or dentate. Racemes many flowered, ebracteate, forming panicles, elongated considerably in fruit. Fruiting pedicels filiform, often thickened and clavate at apex, reflexed. Sepals ovate or oblong, erect or ascending, base of lateral pair not saccate. Petals yellow, as long as or longer than sepals; blade obovate, spatulate, oblong, or oblanceolate, apex obtuse or subemarginate; claw absent. Stamens 6, slightly tetradynamous; anthers ovate or oblong, apiculate or obtuse at apex. Nectar glands confluent, or 4 and median and lateral pairs distinct. Ovules 1(or 2) per ovary, subapical. Fruit indehiscent, samaroid siliques or silicles, oblong, ovate, obovate, cordate, elliptic, oblanceolate, spatulate, or orbicular, strongly angustiseptate, sessile, prominently winged all around or distally, 1(or 2) -seeded, glabrous or hairy, smooth; seed-bearing locule papery or corky, prominently or obscurely 1- or 3-veined, sometimes keeled or shortly winged; valves and replum united; gynophore, style, and septum absent; stigma capitate, entire. Seeds wingless, narrowly oblong, plump; seed coat smooth, not mucilaginous when wetted; cotyledons incumbent or accumbent. [more]
Isoplexis is a section of 4 within the genus Digitalis. The species of section Isoplexis differ from other plants in the genus Digitalis in that their monosymmetric (sometimes called zygomorphic) flowers have a distinctive large upper lip rather than large lower lip and the species are endemic to the Canary Islands (the species D. canariensis, D. chalcantha, and D. isabelliana) and Madeira (D. sceptrum). [more]
Isopogon is a genus of 35 species of mainly low-growing and prostrate perennial in the family Proteaceae endemic to Australia. They are found throughout Australia, though Western Australia has the greatest variety with 27 of the 35 species found there. They are popularly known as drumsticks due to the shape of their inflorescences. [more]
Shrubs or trees. Leaves alternate, petiolate; stipules deciduous or evergreen, small, pinnately veined; leaf blade simple, elliptic to lanceolate, secondary veins spreading or curved, margin glandular dentate or spinose dentate, rarely crenate or entire. Inflorescence terminal or axillary, a raceme or racemose panicle, many flowered. Flowers bisexual or also unisexual, small. Calyx tube adnate to base of ovary; lobes 5, persistent. Petals 5, perigynous, erect or reflexed at anthesis, white or yellowish green, valvate. Stamens 5, inserted at margin of disc; filaments filiform-subulate; anthers ovoid to oblong. Disc ringlike. Ovary superior or semi-inferior, attached to disc, 2-carpellate, long ellipsoid; placentation central; ovules numerous, 2-seriate. Style simple or sometimes divided to middle, striate; stigma capitate. Fruit a capsule, conical to linear-oblong, apex cleft, with persistent calyx lobes and petals. Seeds numerous and narrowly fusiform or few and flattened oblong; seed coat glossy; embryo cylindric, large. [more]
Herbs perennial, cormous. Corms covered with a tunic. Leaves basal, linear. Flowering stem with a few leaves at base. Inflorescences terminal, umbellate, racemose, or sometimes paniculate, 2- to several flowered, often with 1--3 additional flowers in basal leaf axil of flowering stem. Flowers pedicellate. Perianth segments free, sometimes proximally with a pseudotube formed by laxly connivent segments, or connate proximally into a true tube. Stamens in 2 whorls, inserted at base of perianth; filament linear to subfiliform; anther basifixed or dorsifixed, erect. Ovary subclavate, with many ovules. Style filiform; stigma 3-lobed. Fruit a capsule, oblong-clavate, 3-valved. Seeds black, ovoid-oblong, small. [more]
Kinixys is a genus of in the Testudinidae family. It contains the following species: [more]
Herbs, perennial, bulbose. Bulbs whitish, rarely yellowish or purplish, often stained brown, erect and ovoid (hereafter ovoid), irregular and chunky (chunky), slanted in ground and ± elongate (subrhizomatous), or horizontally elongate (rhizomatous), sometimes branching if rhizomatous, rarely if not, 1.411.7 × 1.319 cm, 0.13 times taller than long, annual growth usually obscure; scales (modified leaves) numerous, fleshy and starchy, usually densely covering rhizomes, rarely bearing leaf blades known as basal leaves or their abscission scars, often notched or segmented, longest 0.811.9 cm; roots on each bulb either contractile and concentrically wrinkled and thick (to 5 mm), or for nutrition and thinner, fibrous. Stems erect, green, sometimes purple, rarely glaucous, to 3.1 m, ± glabrous, often with adventitious stem roots above bulb. Buds usually rounded in cross section, sometimes ± triangular. Leaves numerous, usually ± evenly distributed along stem, rarely concentrated proximally, scattered or more commonly in 112(24) whorls with some scattered at stem base and apex, 320(40) leaves per whorl, sessile, drooping at tips to ascending, 1.729 × 0.25.6 cm, 1.634 times longer than wide; blade green and somewhat lighter abaxially, rarely paler, linear, lanceolate, elliptic, or obovate, sometimes oblanceolate, especially in proximal leaves, often somewhat lanceolate in distal leaves, margins entire, undulate or not, usually glabrous and smooth or occasionally slightly papillose, sometimes roughened abaxially by ± deltoid epidermal spicules, apex acute to obtuse or rarely acuminate; principal veins usually 3, usually glabrous and smooth abaxially, sometimes with ± deltoid epidermal spicules, rarely impressed adaxially. Inflorescences maturing acropetally, terminal, racemose or umbellate (in small plants), usually open, bracteate, 125 (45) -flowered; bracts usually 12 per flower, often with one lanceolate and very wide and the other linear or filiferous. Flowers pendent, nodding, horizontal, ascending, or erect, radially or slightly bilaterally symmetric, fragrant or not; perianth campanulate, funnelform, or with sepals and petals strongly reflexed in form of a Turks-cap; sepals and petals usually differentiated, sometimes indistinctly so, recurved or reflexed, distinct, orange, red, yellow, pink, or white, usually with adaxial magenta or maroon spots concentrated in proximal 1/22/3, ± lanceolate and narrowed or rarely clawed, glabrous (pubescent strip at base in L. lancifolium), nectaries present on each but often more developed on sepals, basal, green, usually hidden but occasionally exposed and forming visible green star at adaxial base of perianth; sepals 3, occasionally ridged abaxially, 3.112 × 0.62.6 cm, apex usually acute; petals 3, ridged abaxially, with 2 adaxial longitudinal median rounded ridges, 311.2 × 0.63.4 cm, apex usually acute, often more widely than sepal apex; stamens 6, opposite sepals and petals, distinct, included to strongly exserted; filaments ± parallel to style or spreading, diverging to 31° from flower axis, color variable but usually pale green or nearly translucent; anthers versatile, color variable, usually purplish, becoming darker, oblong, 0.32.6 cm; pollen cream, yellow, peach, tan, orange, rust, or brown, usually becoming lighter; pistil compound, 3-lobed, 3-locular, oblong, 2.110.5 cm; ovary superior, 0.83.5 cm, axile placentas 6, ovules as many as seeds, a few developing without embryos; style initially parallel to flower axis, usually elongating and curving toward periphery, usually pale green, round in cross section; stigma 3-lobed, hollow in older flowers; pedicel not articulate, 0.832 cm. Fruits erect, green maturing to brown, capsular, 3-valved, not strongly winged, ± oblong-obovate, 1.57.7 × 0.83.3 cm, 1.14.8 times longer than wide, base constricted, dehiscence loculicidal. Seeds 67330, light brown with darker ovate embryo in center, 6-ranked, flattened into 60° wedge, verrucose. x = 12. [more]
Plants mainly trailing on ground. Roots emerging from point of origin on underside of main stems. Horizontal stems on substrate surface or subterranean, long-creeping. Upright shoots scattered along horizontal stem, 5--16 mm diam., round or flat in cross section, unbranched or with 1--4 lateral branchlets. Leaves not imbricate, linear to linear-lanceolate; leaves on horizontal stems scattered, appressed, membranous; leaves on lateral branchlets mostly 6-ranked or more, monomorphic with few exceptions, appressed, ascending to spreading, margins entire to dentate. Gemmiferous branchlets and gemmae absent. Strobili single and sessile or multiple and pedunculate, apex blunt to acute; peduncle, when present, conspicuously leafy; sporophylls extremely reduced, much shorter than peduncle or stem leaves. Sporangia reniform. Spores reticulate, sides at equator convex, angles acute. Gametophytes nonphotosynthetic, mycorrhizal, subterranean, flat and irregularly button-shaped, with ring meristem around circumference. x = 34. [more]
Notophthalmus is a of newts known commonly as North American newts. There are three species. [more]
Weigela is a small genus of about 12 species of shrubs in the family Caprifoliaceae, growing to 1-5 m tall. All are natives of eastern Asia. [more]
At least 200 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Weigela.
More info about the Genus Weigela may be found here.
- Adams, R. M. and W. J. Dress. 1982. Nodding Lilium species of eastern North America (Liliaceae). Baileya 21: 165188.
- Elwes, H. J. 1880. A Monograph of the Genus Lilium. London.
- Hayashi, K. and S. Kawano. 2000. Molecular systematics of Lilium and allied genera (Liliaceae): Phylogenetic relationships among Lilium and related genera based on rbcL and matK gene sequence data. Pl. Spec. Biol. 15: 7393.
- Hickey, R. J. 1977. The Lycopodium obscurum complex in North America. Amer. Fern J. 67: 45--49.
- Hwang Shu-mei, Wei Chao-fen, Lu Ling-ti, Ku Tsue-chih & Jin Shu-ying. 1995. Saxifragaceae (2) [Parnassioideae, Hydrangeoideae, Escallonioideae, Iteoideae, Ribesioideae]. In: Lu Ling-ti & Hwang Shu-mei, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 35(1): 1-406.
- Nishikawa, T. et al. 1999. A molecular phylogeny of Lilium in the internal transcribed spacer region of nuclear ribosomal DNA. J. Molec. Evol. 49: 238249.
- Pan Jin-tang. 1992. Saxifragaceae (1) [Penthoroideae, Saxifragoideae]. In: Pan Jin-tang, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 34(2): 1-309
- Skinner, M. W. 1988. Comparative Pollination Ecology and Floral Evolution in Pacific Coast Lilium. Ph.D. dissertation. Harvard University. Stewart, R. N. 1947. The morphology of somatic chromosomes in Lilium. Amer. J. Bot. 34: 927.
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- Tamura, M. N. 1998c. Liliaceae. In: K. Kubitzki et al., eds. 1990+. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. 4+ vols. Berlin etc. Vol. 3, pp. 343353.
- Wagner, W. H. Jr., J. M. Beitel, and R. C. Moran. 1989. Lycopodium hickeyi: A new species of North American clubmoss. Amer. Fern J. 79: 119--121.
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