Eurycea is a genus of salamanders, native to North America. These salamanders are commonly referred to as brook salamanders.
The genus Eurycea was first described by Constantine Samuel Rafinesque-Schmaltz in 1822, with a specimen of the spotted-tail salamander, Eurycea lucifuga, from Kentucky. The taxonomy of the genus is somewhat confusing, as many of the species within it are poorly studied and are only found in very restricted ranges, or deep within subterranean caverns. Several species have even been described multiple times by different researchers, and several are often considered to be morphologically different enough to warrant being placed into their own genus. A recent taxonomic revision moved the Georgia Blind Salamander to this genus, which makes Haideotriton a synonym of Eurycea .
Many sources also refer to several species of the genus as cave salamanders, due to their choice of habitat, or as blind salamanders, due to their reduced eyes, or the antiquated term for aquatic salamanders, Triton. Most species are from very isolated localities, so bear the name of the place the first specimen was found.
This genus is composed of the following 27 species:
- Frost, Darrel R. 2007. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.2 (15 July 2008). Eurycea. Electronic Database accessible at http ://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.php. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. (Accessed: July 31, 2008).
- AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2008. Berkeley, California: Eurycea. AmphibiaWeb, available at http://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed: July 31, 2008).
The Genus Eurycea is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 47 species and subspecies in the Genus Eurycea: E. aquatica (Jefferson County Salamander) · E. bislineata (Northern Two-Lined Salamander) · E. bislineata bislineata · E. bislineata cirrigera · E. bislineata major · E. bislineata rivicola · E. bislineata wilderae · E. chamberlaini (Chamberlain's Dwarf Salamander) · E. chisholmensis (Chisholm Trail Salamander) · E. cirrigera (Southeastern Two-Lined Salamander) · E. griseogaster · E. gutto- lineata · E. gutto-lineata · E. guttolineata (Southern Long-Tailed Salamander) · E. junaluska (Junaluska Salamander) · E. latitans (Cascade Caverns Salamander) · E. longicauda (Long-Tailed Salamander) · E. longicauda gutto-lineata · E. longicauda guttolineata · E. longicauda longicauda (Long-Tailed Salamander) · E. longicauda melanopleura (Dark-Sided Salamander) · E. longicaudata · E. lucifuga (Cave Salamander) · E. multiplicata (Many-Ribbed Salamander) · E. multiplicata griseogaster (Graybelly Salamander) · E. multiplicata multiplicata (Many-Ribbed Salamander) · E. nana (San Marcos Salamander) · E. naufragia (San Gabriel Springs Salamander) · E. neotenes (Texas Salamander) · E. neotenes nana · E. neotenes neotenes · E. pterophila (Blanco River Springs Salamander) · E. quadridigitata (Dwarf Salamander) · E. quadridigitatus · E. rathbuni (Texas Blind Salamander) · E. robusta (Blanco Blind Salamander) · E. sosorum (Barton Springs Salamander) · E. spelaea (Grotto Salamander) · E. spelaeus (Grotto Salamander) · E. tonkawae (Jollyville Plateau Salamander) · E. tridentifera (Comal Blind Salamander) · E. troglodytes (Eurycea Troglodytes Complex) · E. troglodytes complex · E. tynerensis (Texas Neotenic Salamander) · E. wallacei (Georgia Blind Salamander) · E. waterlooensis (Austin Blind Salamander) · E. wilderae (Blue Ridge Two-Lined Salamander)
- The distribution map on the Distribution tab comes from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility and is used with permission.
- Photographs on this page are copyrighted by individual photographers, and individual copyrights apply.
- The technology underlying this page, including the controls behind Keep Exploring, is owned by the BayScience Foundation. All rights are reserved.