The Order Columbiformes is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Suborder (2): Columbae · Pterocletes
- Infraorder (1): Pteroclides
- Family (3): Columbidae · Pteroclidae · Raphidae
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 1,564 species and subspecies in the Order Columbiformes.
Pigeons and doves constitute the bird family Columbidae within the order Columbiformes, which include some 300 species of near passerines. In general the terms "dove" and "pigeon" are used somewhat interchangeably. In ornithological practice, there is a tendency for "dove" to be used for smaller species and "pigeon" for larger ones, but this is in no way consistently applied, and historically the common names for these birds involve a great deal of variation between the terms "dove" and "pigeon." This family occurs worldwide, but the greatest variety is in the Indomalaya and Australasia ecozones. Young doves and pigeons are called "squabs." [more]
The Raphinae are a subfamily of extinct flightless birds colloquially called didines or didine birds. They inhabited the Mascarene Islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues, but became extinct through hunting by humans and predation by introduced non-native mammals following human colonisation in the 17th century. [more]
More info about the Family Raphidae may be found here.
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