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Cichlidae

(Family)

Overview

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A Family in the Kingdom Animalia.

Photos

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Taxonomy

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The Family Cichlidae is further organized into finer groupings including:

Genera

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Acara

Acara may refer to: [more]

Acarichthys

Acarichthys heckelii is a South American species of cichlid fish. It is the only member of the genus Acarichthys. It is found in rivers in the Amazon and Essequibo basins. [more]

Acaronia

Acaronia is a small genus of cichlids with two species. They are found in the Amazon, Orinoco and other basins in northern South America. [more]

Acaropsis

[more]

Aequidens

Aequidens is a genus of fish in the family Cichlidae. The genus itself is poorly defined and polyphyletic. Many species have been reallocated to other genera such as Bujurquina, Laetacara, Tahuantinsuyoa (Kullander, 1986), and Cleithracara (Kullander & Nijssen, 1989). [more]

Aequideus

[more]

Alcolapia

[more]

Allochromis

Haplochromis welcommei is a species of fish in the Cichlidae family. [more]

Alticorpus

Alticorpus is a small genus of cichlids containing five formally described species, and at least 2 undescribed species, all endemic to the deep waters of Lake Malawi. [more]

Altolamprologus

Altolamprologus is a small genus of pseudocrenilabrine cichlids endemic to Lake Tanganyika in eastern Africa. They inhabit areas of the lake with large amounts of rock, most frequently in water two to ten metres in depth. Two formally described species comprise this genus, with perhaps one dwarf A. compressiceps-like species being considered an unedescribed species by some. Neolamprologus fasciatus is also considered by some to belong to this genus. [more]

Altolamptologus

[more]

Amatitlania

[more]

Amphilophus

Amphilophus is a genus of cichlid fishes from Central America. The genus currently contains 23 species. However, a 2008 study led by suggested that several species within Amphilophus should be moved to the genus Astatheros. Species proposed to be moved to Astatheros are A. alfari, A. altifrons, A. bussingi, A. diquis, A. longimanus, A. macracanthus (which would be the type species for Astatheros), A. margaritifer, A. rhytisma, A. robertsoni and A. rostratus. Rican's study suggests that the Astatheros species are more closely related to the Jack Dempsey and Rainbow Cichlid than to the remaining Amphilophus species. [more]

Andinoacara

[more]

Anomalochromis

Anomalochromis thomasi is a species of fish in the family Cichlidae, the only species in the genus Anomalochromis. It is a small cichlid growing to a length of 6?8 centimetres (2.4?3.1 in). The natural habitat of A. thomasi is Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea, mainly in smaller streams. The fish are typically found in slightly acidic, oxygen rich water with other west African cichlid genera such as Hemichromis and Pelvicachromis. [more]

Apistogramma

Apistogramma is a genus of approximately a hundred species of fish from the family Cichlidae found in tropical areas of the Amazon basin and Venezuela. Apistogramma literally means "irregular lateral line" referring to a common trait of the species under this taxon. Most species are strongly sexually dimorphic, with males generally larger (up to 7 to 9 cm) and differently colored to females. [more]

Apistogrammoides

Apistogrammoides is a genus of cichlid fish. The single species, Apistogrammoides pucallpaensis, is a very small cichlid, reaching 3?4 centimetres (1.2?1.6 in) in length. It is found in the lower Ucayali River in Peru, and the upper Amazon River in Peru and Colombia. The genus is closely allied with Apistogramma. [more]

Archocentrus

Archocentrus is a small genus of cichlid fishes from Central America. The genus currently contains 3 species. It formerly included 7 of the species now included in the genus Cryptoheros, as well as the convict cichlid, now included in the genus Amatitlania. The Rainbow Cichlid, Archocentrus multispinosus, was formerly included in the genus Herotilapia. A 2008 study led by suggested that the Rainbow Cichlid is actually more closely related to the Jack Dempsey (genus Rocio) and the cichlids of the genus Astatheros than to the other Archocentrus cichlids, and thus should be moved back to the genus Herotilapia. [more]

Aristochromis

Aristochromis christyi is a species of fish in the Cichlidae family. It is found in Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania. Its natural habitat is freshwater lakes. It is ohe only member of the genus Aristochromis. [more]

Astatheros

[more]

Astatoreochromis

Astatoreochromis is a small genus of haplochromine cichlids endemic to riverine habitats in East Africa. Tilapia bemini, usually placed in the tilapiines, may be rather close to this genus. However, extensive hybridization capabilities of African cichlids seriously confound analyses of phylogeny based on mtDNA, while morphological analyses tend to yield little information due to widespread parallel evolution. [more]

Astatotilapia

Astatotilapia is a genus of haplochromine cichlids from Africa, with a single species in Israel and Syria. Many species have been moved between this genus and Haplochromis, and while some consensus has been reached in recent years, their mutual delimitation is still far from settled. [more]

Astronotus

Astronotus is a genus of South American fish from the family Cichlidae. The genus is one of three genera which make up the tribe . There are two species in the genus (listed below), both of which are found in the Amazon Basin, while one of two also is found in the Paran? and Paraguay rivers. Astronotus species grow to 35 cm in size, and are monomorphic. They are opportunistic omnivores and consume a range of smaller fish, crustaceans, mollusks and other invertebrates in the wild. [more]

Aulonocara

Aulonocara is a genus of haplochromine cichlids endemic to Lake Malawi in East Africa. All Aulonocara species are maternal mouth brooders. Particularly in the aquarium hobby, Aulonocara species are also known as peacock cichlids, aulonocaras or simply "peacocks". This genus is strongly sexually dichromic, even by haplochromine standards. [more]

Aulonocranus

Aulonocranus is a monotypic genus of cichlid fish. The single species, Aulonocranus dewindti, is endemic to Lake Tanganyika in East Africa. [more]

Australoheros

[more]

Baileychromis

Baileychromis is a monotypic genus of cichlid fish. The single species, Baileychromis centropomoides, is endemic to Lake Tanganyika in east Africa. [more]

Bathybates

Bathybates is a small genus of predatory cichlid fish. The genus is endemic to Lake Tanganyika in east Africa and contains 7 species. [more]

Batrachops

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia.[1] [more]

Benitochromis

Benitochromis is a small genus of cichlid fishes that are endemic to riverine and lake habitats in Middle Africa (Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea, including the island of Bioko). The genus contains 6 species. [more]

Benthochromis

Benthochromis is a small genus of cichlid fish endemic to Lake Tanganyika in east Africa. There are three formally described species, and possibly several additional undescribed species. [more]

Biotodoma

Biotodoma is a small genus of cichlids. They are native to rivers in the Amazon, Orinoco and Essequibo basins in South America. [more]

Biotoecus

Biotoecus is a fish genus of cichlids from northern South America. These small cichlids do not surpass 10 centimetres (3.9 in) in length. [more]

Boulengerochromis

The Giant Cichlid (Boulengerochromis microlepis) is an East African species of fish in the Cichlidae family. It is the only member of its genus Boulengerochromis and tribe Boulengerochromini. The species was originally described as Tilapia microlepis by George Albert Boulenger in 1899. The genus name was changed in his honour by Jacques Pellegrin in 1904. [more]

Buccochromis

Buccochromis is a genus of haplochromine cichlids endemic to East Africa. [more]

Bujurquina

Bujurquina is a genus of cichlid fish endemic to South America. The genus contains 17 species. [more]

Callochromis

Callochromis is a genus of cichlids, including the species C. macrops, C. melanostigma, C. pleurospilus and C. stappersi. All species occupy shallow, sandy bottom areas of Lake Tanganyika in East Africa, C. macrops and C. melanostigma attaining six inches in length, whereas C. pleurospilus and C. stappersi only four inches. As sandsifters, all species eat sand-dwelling invertebrates. Unlike many other sandsifters, Callochromis species are somewhat aggressive, especially when breeding. C. pleurospilus and C. stappersi have become popular with fishkeeping hobbyists because of their compact size, iridescent colors, and hardiness. [more]

Caprichromis

Caprichromis is a small genus of haplochromine cichlids endemic to Lake Malawi in East Africa. This genus contains noted paedophagous cichlids, specialising in the eating of eggs and fry of other cichlid species. [more]

Caquetaia

Caquetaia is a small genus of cichlid fishes from Central and South America. The genus currently contains four species. [more]

Cardiopharynx

Cardiopharynx is a monotypic cichlid genus. The single species, Cardiopharynx schoutedeni, is a semi-pelagic, schooling fish endemic to Lake Tanganyika in east Africa. This fish is purely freshwater, and prefers temperatures of 23 ? 28?C. It can be deemed a tropical fish. It has a high survival rate, and its populations can double in under 15 months time. Sizes of schools can reach several hundred fish. This fish is completely harmless to human life. Its name is derived from the Greek words 'kardios' and 'pharynx' which mean 'heart' and 'throat'. [more]

Chaetobranchopsis

Chaetobranchopsis is a small genus of cichlid fishes from South America, where they are found in the Amazon, Paran? and Paraguay river basins. The genus currently contains two species. [more]

Chaetobranchus

Chaetobranchus is a small genus of cichlid fishes from South America. The two species are found in the Amazon Basin, Orinoco Basin and rivers in the Guianas. [more]

Chalinochromis

Chalinochromis is a small and disputed cichlid genus from the subfamily Pseudocrenilabrinae; it contains just two species. These ray-finned fishes are endemic to Lake Tanganyika in the East African Rift. The scientific name refers to the bridle-like markings across the heads of members of this genus. They have specialized jaws enabling them to feed on sponges . [more]

Champsochromis

Champsochromis is a small genus of cichlid fishes endemic to Lake Malawi in east Africa. [more]

Cheilochromis

Cheilochromis is a monotypic genus of cichlid fish, meaning it contains only a single species. This is the Malawi Thicklip, Cheilochromis euchilus. [more]

Chetia

Chetia is a genus of haplochromine cichlids endemic to riverine habitats in Africa. [more]

Chilochromis

Chilochromis is a monotypic genus of cichlid fish containing only Chilochromis duponti. This species is endemic to riverine habitats in east Africa. [more]

Chilotilapia

Chilotilapia is a monotypic genus of cichlid fish. The single species, Chilotilapia rhoadesii, is called Malawi Bream due to its looks. But it is quite unrelated to the breams proper, which are Cypriniformes. [more]

Chromidotilapia

Chromidotilapia is a genus of cichlid fishes. The genus contains 11 species. Of these, 9 are from Central Africa, one (C. guentheri) is from Liberia to Cameroon, while the final (C. cavalliensis) is restricted to C?te d'Ivoire. [more]

Cichla

Cichla is a genus of fifteen described species of fish from the family Cichlidae. Kullander & Ferreira (2006) described nine species in a recent paper [1] and suggest the genus may include 5-15 other species, yet to be described. The genus includes several species valued as game fish, collectively known as peacock bass, and is also of interest to cichlid keeping aquarists. Cichla species are amongst the largest cichlids, with one species, (C. temensis), growing to over 90 cm (3 feet). [more]

Cichlasoma

Cichlasoma is a genus of fish in the cichlid family. The genus was previously very large, including cichlids from Texas, North America, through all of Central America to parts of South America. [more]

Cichlosoma

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia.[2] [more]

Cleithracara

The keyhole cichlid, Cleithracara maronii, is a cichlid fish endemic to tropical South America, occurring in the Orinoco River basin from Guyana to French Guiana. The single species is the only species in the genus Cleithracara. The species is popular with fishkeeping hobbyists and is frequently kept in aquariums. [more]

Congochromis

Copadichromis

Copadichromis is a genus of haplochromine cichlids endemic to Lake Malawi in Eastern Africa. Many Copadichromis species are popular with aquarists who keep mbuna (Lake Malawi cichlids), as this genus is relatively peaceful in captivity. [more]

Corematodus

Corematodus is a small genus of cichlids with only two species. [more]

Crenicara

Crenicara is a small genus of cichlid fishes that are endemic to creeks and rivers in the Amazon and Essequibo basins in South America. These cichlids have several dark spots on the side of their body, and do not surpass 10 centimetres (3.9 in) in length. [more]

Crenicichla

Crenicichla is a genus of the cichlids family (Cichlidae); it contains the pike cichlids. It is the most speciose genus of South American cichlids, including approximately 115 species as of 2009; one or two species are on average described as new each year. Pike cichlids are found in most of tropical and subtropical South America between the Andes and the Atlantic. [more]

Cromis

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia.[3] [more]

Cryptoheros

[more]

Ctenochromis

Ctenochromis is a genus of haplochromine cichlids endemic to East Africa. [more]

Ctenopharynx

Ctenopharynx is a small genus of haplochromine cichlids from East Africa. Two of its species are endemic to Lake Malawi, while the third occurs in Lake Malawi and the upper reaches of the Shire River. [more]

Cunningtonia

Cunningtonia longiventralis is a species of fish in the cichlid family, and the only member of its genus. It is endemic to Lake Tanganyika in East Africa. [more]

Cyathochromis

Cyathochromis is a monotypic genus of cichlid fish. The single species, Cyathochromis obliquidens, is found in Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania. [more]

Cyathopharynx

Cyathopharynx is a monotypic genus of cichlid fish. The single species, Cyathopharynx furcifer, originally described by Boulenger as Paratilapia furcifer in 1898 but later reclassified as Cyathopharynx furcifer, is endemic to Lake Tanganyika in east Africa. Aquarium literature sometimes recognises a second species, Cyathopharynx foai (e.g.: Konings, 1995) originally described by Vailliant as Ectodus foae in 1899, though this species is not currently formally recognized. [more]

Cyclopharynx

Cyclopharynx is a small genus of two species of cichlid fish. Both species are endemic to the Fwa river, in the Kasai-Oriental province, Democratic Republic of the Congo in west Africa. [more]

Cynotilapia

Cynotilapia is a genus of fishes from the family Cichlidae. The genus was described by the British ichthyologist Charles Tate Regan in 1922. All fishes in these genus form part of the mbuna flock, the rock-dwelling fishes of Lake Malawi, in the rift valley of East Africa. All species are polygamous, maternal, ovophile mouthbrooders and carry their fry in this fashion for about 20?30 days. [more]

Cyphotilapia

Cyphotilapia is a small genus of cichlids with only two species. Both species are endemic to Lake Tanganyika, with C. frontosa being roughly confined to the northern half of the lake and C. gibberosa being roughly confined to the southern half of the lake. [more]

Cyprichromis

Cyprichromis is a genus of cichlids with five species. They are also known as the herring cichlids or sardine cichlids since they form large schools in the open water of Lake Tanganyika. Of the known species, only C. microlepidotus has been recorded outside Lake Tanganyika (in eastern Tanzania). [more]

Cyrtocara

Cyrtocara is a monotypic genus of cichlid fish. The single species, Cyrtocara moorii, is endemic to Lake Malawi in east Africa. The species is popular among aquarium keepers where it is known as the humphead cichlid, blue dolphin cichlid, Malawi dolphin or simply as moorii. [more]

Danakilia

Danakilia is a genus of cichlid fish containing two species, namely Danakilia franchettii from the saline Lake Afrera in Ethiopia, and Danakilia dinicolai from the saline in Eritrea. [more]

Dicrossus

Dicrossus is a genus of small cichlids fishes. They are native to rivers in the Amazon and Orinoco basins in South America. These cichlids have several dark spots on the side of their body (although very faint in some). Depending on the exact species, they typically only reach 4?7 centimetres (1.6?2.8 in) in length. [more]

Dimidiochromis

Dimidiochromis is a genus of haplochromine cichlids endemic to Lake Malawi in East Africa. All of its species are elongated in shape and predatory on smaller fishes. [more]

Diplotaxodon

Diplotaxodon is a small genus of seven formally described, as well as a number of undescribed, deep-water species of cichlid fish endemic to Lake Malawi in east Africa. These fishes represent a remarkable adaptive radiation of offshore and deep-water adapted fish descended from ancestral shallow water forms. They include the dominant zooplankton-feeding fish of the offshore and deep-water regions of the lake, as well as a number of larger species that appear to feed on small pelagic fishes. Adult sizes range from 10 to 30cm in total length, depending on species. [more]

Divandu

Divandu is a monotypic genus of cichlid fish. The single species, Divandu albimarginatus, is endemic to the Republic of Congo and Gabon in Africa. [more]

Docimodus

Docimodus is a small genus of cichlid fish endemic to east Africa. The genus contains two species; endemic to Lake Malawi, Lake Malombe and the upper reaches of the Shire River and Docimodus evelynae which is limited in its distribution to Lake Malawi. [more]

Eclectochromis

Eclectochromis is a small genus of haplochromine cichlids endemic to Lake Malawi in East Africa. [more]

Ectodus

Ectodus descampsii is a cichlid fish, the only member of its genus Ectodus. It is a small (ca. 10 cm | 4 in.) sand-sifting species endemic to Lake Tanganyika in East Africa. [more]

Enantiopus

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia.[4] [more]

Enigmatochromis

Eretmodus

Eretmodus is a monotypic genus of cichlid fish endemic to Lake Tanganyika in East Africa. The genus currently contains one species, Eretmodus cyanostictus. [more]

Etia

Etia is a genus of cichlid fish with only a single species, Etia nguti. This fairly small cichlid is endemic to Cameroon in Central Africa. It is one of the most singular Pseudocrenilabrinae; no really close relatives are known. [more]

Etroplus

Etroplus is a small genus of cichlids with only three species. The species are: Green chromide(Etroplus suratensis), Orange chromide(Etroplus maculatus) and Canara pearlspot(Etroplus canarensis). They are found in southern India and Sri Lanka, where they are the only native cichlids. [more]

Exochochromis

Exochochromis anagenys is a cichlid fish in the monotypic genus Exochochromis. This species is commonly known (particularly as an aquarium fish) as the Threespot Torpedo. [more]

Fossorochromis

Fossorochromis is a monotypic genus of cichlid endemic to Lake Malawi in East Africa, where it is found in the waters of Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania. The single species, Fossorochromis rostratus, is a large (> 20 cm| > 8 in), sexually dimorphic cichlid. [more]

Genyochromis

Genyochromis is a monotypic genus of cichlid fish. The single species, Genyochromis mento, is endemic to Lake Malawi in East Africa. [more]

Geophagus

Geophagus is a genus of cichlids from South America. The genus is currently polyphyletic and in need of further taxonomic revision. Some geophagine cichlids previously included in this genus have been reallocated to Gymnogeophagus or Satanoperca. Sensu stricto species include the true geophagines of very peaceful disposition usually with long fin extensions like the type species Geophagus altifrons. Sensu lato geophagines include the much more robust and aggressive species of the Geophagus brasiliensis complex. [more]

Gephyrochromis

Gephyrochromis is a small genus of cichlid fish. The genus contains two species; and Gephyrochromis moorii, both of which are endemic to Lake Malawi in east Africa. [more]

Gnathochromis

Gnathochromis is a small genus of sand sifting cichlid fish endemic to Lake Tanganyika in east Africa. The genus has only two described species. [more]

Gobiocichla

Gobiocichla is a small genus of cichlids with only two species. [more]

Grammatotria

Grammatotria lemairii is a species of fish in the cichlid family, and the only member of its genus. It is endemic to Lake Tanganyika in East Africa. The species is occasionally kept as an aquarium fish. [more]

Greenwoodochromis

Greenwoodochromis is a small genus of cichlids with only two species. [more]

Guianacara

Guianacara is a small genus of cichlid fish endemic to South America. [more]

Gymnogeophagus

Gymnogeophagus is a genus of cichlid fishes from South America, where they found are known from various river basins in southern Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and northern Argentina. They are part of a group popularly known as eartheaters. [more]

Haplochromis

Haplochromis is a ray-finned fish genus in the family Cichlidae. It has been used as the default "wastebin taxon" for Pseudocrenilabrinae cichlids of the East African Rift, and as such became the "largest" fish "genus". Many of these cichlids are popular aquarium fishes; like similar Haplochromini they are known as "haplos", "happies" or "haps" among aquarium enthusiasts. [more]

Haplotaxodon

Haplotaxodon is a genus of in the Cichlidae family, endemic to Lake Tanganyika. [more]

Harpagochromis

Haplochromis is a ray-finned fish genus in the family Cichlidae. It has been used as the default "wastebin taxon" for Pseudocrenilabrinae cichlids of the East African Rift, and as such became the "largest" fish "genus". Many of these cichlids are popular aquarium fishes; like similar Haplochromini they are known as "haplos", "happies" or "haps" among aquarium enthusiasts. [more]

Hemibates

Hemibates stenosoma is a species of fish endemic to Lake Tanganyika in East Africa. The species is the only formally described representative of the genus Hemibates, with another yet undescribed species, namely Hemibates sp. "Stenosoma Chituta", and are part of family Cichlidae in subfamily Pseudocrenilabrinae. [more]

Hemichromis

Hemichromis is a genus of fishes from the cichlid family, known in the aquarium trade as jewel cichlids. Jewel cichlids are native to Africa. Within West Africa, Hemichromis species are found in creeks, streams, rivers and lakes with a variety of water qualities including brackish water lagoons. [more]

Hemihaplochromis

[more]

Hemitaeniochromis

Hemitaeniochromis urotaenia is a species of fish endemic to Lake Malawi in East Africa. The species is the only representative of the monotypic genus Hemitaeniochromis, and is part of family Cichlidae in subfamily Pseudocrenilabrinae. [more]

Hemitilapia

Hemitilapia is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Herichthys

Herichthys is a small of cichlid fishes from North America and Central America. The genus currently contains ten formally described species. [more]

Heroina

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia.[5] [more]

Heros

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia.[6] [more]

Heterochromis

Heterochromis multidens is a species of fish from the family Cichlidae. It is the only member of its genus, and the only member of the subfamily Heterochromidinae. It is endemic to the Congo River Basin in Central Africa, and reaches almost 30 centimetres (12 in) in length. This species is likely more closely related to cichlids from the Americas rather than other African cichlids. [more]

Heterogramma

[more]

Heterotilapia

[more]

Hoplarchus

Hoplarchus psittacus is a species of cichlid fish endemic to the blackwater rivers in Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela, including the Rio Negro, , Preto da Eva, Urubu rivers and upper Orinoco drainages. The species is the only member of the genus Hoplarchus. The species is occasionally kept as an aquarium fish and is traded under the common name "parrot cichlid" (a name also used for two other species). [more]

Hoplotilapia

Hoplotilapia retrodens is a species of fish endemic to Lake Victoria in East Africa. The species is the only representative of the monotypic genus Hoplotilapia, and is part of family Cichlidae in subfamily Pseudocrenilabrinae. [more]

Hypselacara

[more]

Hypselecara

Hypselecara is a small genus of cichlid fish with only two species. They are native to the Amazon and Orinoco basins in South America. H. temporalis is a relatively common aquarium fish known in the aquarium trade as the chocolate cichild. [more]

Hypsophrys

Hypsophrys is a small genus of cichlid fishes from Central America. The genus currently contains 2 species. It originally contained just H. nicaraguensis but was revised in 2007 to include the poor man's tropheus, or neet, H. nematopus, which was formerly described as Neetroplus nematopus. [more]

Iodotropheus

Iodotropheus is a small genus of cichlid fishes endemic to Lake Malawi in east Africa. The genus is distinguished from other genera of mbuna by the upper lip which is usually connected medially to the skin of the snout by a frenum; by its small, terminal mouth; by the outer teeth of both jaws, which are unequally bicuspid and loosely spaced, the tooth shafts inclined slightly toward the jaw symphysis; by the anterior teeth of the upper jaw being much longer and more robust than the lateral and posterior teeth (Oliver & Arnegard 2010: 227). Iodotropheus currently includes three species. The rusty cichlid or lavender mbuna, Iodotropheus sprengerae is the most commonly encountered member of the genus in the aquarium trade. [more]

Julidochromis

Julidochromis is a genus of cichlids in the subfamily Pseudocrenilabrinae. They are commonly called julies and are endemic to Lake Tanganyika in eastern Africa. This genus includes at least 5 species, each with a number of subspecies and local variants of uncertain taxonomic status. Further taxonomic work is required to determine how many species exist; the closely related Chalinochromis with two more species is sometimes included here and this may be correct. Hybridization makes attempts to determine relationships with molecular phylogenetic methods difficult. [more]

Konia

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia.[7] [more]

Krobia

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia.[8] [more]

Labeotropheus

Labeotropheus is a small genus of cichlid fish endemic to Lake Malawi in eastern Africa. It includes at least two species, each with a number of subspecies or races. Further taxonomic work is required to determine how many species exist. These cichlids are popular ornamental fish and are ideally suited to the cichlid aquarium. Like many Malawi cichlids, Labeotropheus species are algal grazers. [more]

Labidochromis

Labidochromis is a of fish endemic to Lake Malawi from the family Cichlidae. The genus includes 18 formally described species, and several undescribed species, which include a number of species commonly kept in cichlid aquariums such as L. caeruleus (Electric yellow). This genus can commonly crossbreed so it is recommended to only have one species from this genus. [more]

Laetacara

Laetacara is a small genus of five species of fish, endemic to soft, acidic freshwater habitats in South America. Laetacara is part of the family Cichlidae and is included in subfamily Cichlasomatinae. The genus is also collectively known as the smiling acaras. The range of the genus extends from the upper Orinoco river in Venezuela to the Paran? River in Paraguay. Like all cichlids, Laetacara species have well-developed brood care. [more]

Lamprologus

Lamprologus is a genus of fishes from the cichlid family. They are native to Lake Tanganyika and the Congo River Basin in Africa. The type species for this genus is Lamprologus congoensis, a species from the Congo River. The genus is under some revision and may eventually be restricted to these riverine types. There are currently nineteen species included in the genus. [more]

Lepidiolamprologus

Lepidiolamprologus is a small genus of cichlids endemic to Lake Tanganyika in eastern Africa. It is closely related to Altolamprologus. [more]

Leptochromis

Lestrada

Lestradea

Lestradea is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Lethrinops

Lethrinops is a genus of in the Cichlidae family endemic to Lake Malawi. It contains the following species: [more]

Limnochromis

Limnochromis is a small genus of cichlid fish endemic to Lake Tanganyika in east Africa. The genus has only three described species. [more]

Limnotilapia

Limnotilapia is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Lipochromis

Haplochromis is a ray-finned fish genus in the family Cichlidae. It has been used as the default "wastebin taxon" for Pseudocrenilabrinae cichlids of the East African Rift, and as such became the "largest" fish "genus". Many of these cichlids are popular aquarium fishes; like similar Haplochromini they are known as "haplos", "happies" or "haps" among aquarium enthusiasts. [more]

Lithochromis

Lithochromis is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Lobochilotes

Lobochilotes is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Macropleurodes

Maravichromis

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia.[9] [more]

Maylandia

Maylandia or Metriaclima is a genus of haplochromine cichlids endemic to Lake Malawi in East Africa. They belong to the mbuna (rock-dwelling) haplochromines. [more]

Mchenga

Melanochromis

Melanochromis is a genus of haplochromine cichlids endemic to Lake Malawi in Eastern Africa. It was established by Ethylwynn Trewavas in 1935. Ecologically, they belong to the rock-dwelling mbuna cichlids of Lake Malawi. [more]

Mesonauta

Mesonauta is a small genus of six species of fish, endemic to soft, acidic freshwater habitats in South America. Mesonauta is part of the family Cichlidae and is included in subfamily Cichlasomatinae. Some species, particularly Mesonauta festivus, are popular in the fishkeeping hobby and are frequently kept in aquariums. [more]

Mesops

[more]

Microgeophagus

Microgeophagus (Mikrogeophagus or Papiliochromis are often used instead, but both are junior synonym) is a genus of small cichlids that only includes two species: M. ramirezi and M. altispinosa. Both species are popular with aquarists, especially M. ramirezi. They are native to the Amazon and Orinoco basins in South America. [more]

Mikrogeophagus

Microgeophagus (Mikrogeophagus or Papiliochromis are often used instead, but both are junior synonym) is a genus of small cichlids that only includes two species: M. ramirezi and M. altispinosa. Both species are popular with aquarists, especially M. ramirezi. They are native to the Amazon and Orinoco basins in South America. [more]

Myaka

Myaka is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Mylochromis

Mylochromis is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Nannacara

Nannacara is a genus of small freshwater cichlid fish endemic to South America. The genus is part of the Cichlasomatini tribe of the Cichlasomatinae subfamily. In the aquarium hobby, the fish is considered a dwarf cichlid along with Apistogramma, Mikrogeophagus, and Dicrossus species. The genus currently includes 6 recognized species, with Nannacara anomala the most common in the aquarium trade. [more]

Nanochromis

Nanochromis is a genus of cichlids containing eight described species. These small fishes are endemic to the Congo River Basin in Central Africa. [more]

Neetroplus

The poor man's tropheus, Hypsophrys nematopus, formerly Neetroplus nematopus, is a species of fish in the family Cichlidae. It was formerly the only species in the genus Neetroplus, but in 2007 was reclassified into the genus Hypsophrys. It is a small-medium sized cichlid growing to a length of 12 cm. It occurs in Central America in , Lake Managua, Lake Masaya and Lake Nicaragua and in riverine habitats on the Atlantic coasts of Costa Rica and Nicaragua. Like most Central American cichlids the species is commonly found in hard, alkaline (pH 7.5) water. Its diet consists of algae and plant material which it scrapes from rocks and other hard surfaces in a fashion similar to algal grazing cichlids of Lake Malawi, Africa. Some populations are reportedly involved in cleaning other fish of parasites. Like all cichlids, brood care is highly developed with both parents involved in fry raising. coloration changes dramatically (see picture below) while breeding. [more]

Neochromis

Neochromis is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Neolamprologus

Neolamprologus is a genus of cichlid fishes endemic to eastern Africa with all but one species occurring in Lake Tanganyika. It is the largest genus of cichlids in Lake Tanganyika and also the largest genus in the tribe Lamprologini, which includes Altolamprologus, Chalinochromis, Julidochromis, Lamprologus, Lepidiolamprologus, Telmatochromis and Variabilichromis. The latter is a monotypic genus doubtfully distinct from Neolamprologus. [more]

Nimbochromis

Nimbochromis is a small genus of haplochromine cichlids endemic to Lake Malawi in East Africa. They are known as sleeper cichlids or (in Chichewa) kaligono ("sleepers"), due to their unique hunting behaviour. [more]

Nyassachromis

Nyassachromis is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Ophthalmotilapia

Ophthalmotilapia is a small genus of four cichlid species endemic to Lake Tanganyika in east Africa. [more]

Oreochromis

Oreochromis is a large genus of tilapiine cichlids, fishes endemic to Africa and the Middle East. Several species from this genus have been introduced far outside their native range, and are important in aquaculture. Members of this genus, as well as those of the genera Tilapia and Sarotherodon, share the common name "tilapia". [more]

Orthochromis

Orthochromis is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Otopharynx

Otopharynx is a genus of haplochromine cichlids endemic to Lake Malawi in Eastern Africa. [more]

Oxylapia

Oxylapia is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Papiliochromis

Microgeophagus (Mikrogeophagus or Papiliochromis are often used instead, but both are junior synonym) is a genus of small cichlids that only includes two species: M. ramirezi and M. altispinosa. Both species are popular with aquarists, especially M. ramirezi. They are native to the Amazon and Orinoco basins in South America. [more]

Papiliochromus

[more]

Parachromis

Parachromis is a genus of freshwater fishes from the family Cichlidae. The genus contains 5 species and is limited in its distribution to Central America. Some species occur in Lake Nicaragua and Lake Managua. All species are predatory and relatively large for cichlids. [more]

Paracyprichromis

Paracyprichromis is a small genus of cichlids with only two species. The genus is endemic to Lake Tanganyika in east Africa. [more]

Paralabidochromis

Paralabidochromis is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Paraneetroplus

Paraneetroplus is a small genus of cichlids with only three species. They are endemic to rivers on the Atlantic slope in Mexico. [more]

Parapetenia

[more]

Paratheraps

Paratilapia

Paratilapia is a genus of cichlids with only two known species. They are found only in Madagascar. [more]

Paretroplus

Paretroplus is a genus of in the Cichlidae family, all of which are endemic to lakes and rivers of Madagascar. [more]

Pelmatochromis

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia.[10] [more]

Pelvicachromis

The genus Pelvicachromis includes a range of small (7.5 - 10 cm), brightly colored cichlids which occur in tropical West Africa and Central Africa. They typically inhabit soft, acidic water (pH 5.0 - 7.0). [more]

Perissodus

Perissodus is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Petenia

Petenia is a monotypic cichlid genus. The single species, Petenia splendida, is a large (50 cm) predatory fish that occurs in Mexico, Guatemala and Belize. [more]

Petrochromis

Petrochromis is a small genus of seven formally described cichlid species, and at least 7 undescribed species, all endemic to Lake Tanganyika in east Africa. [more]

Petrotilapia

Petrotilapia is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Placidochromis

Placidochromis is a genus of cichlids endemic to Lake Malawi in Eastern Africa. They are part of the haplochromine lineage of Lake Malawi's cichlid taxa. Most Placidochromis species live in the open or sandy regions of the lake. [more]

Platytaeniodus

Platytaeniodus is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Prognathochromis

Haplochromis is a ray-finned fish genus in the family Cichlidae. It has been used as the default "wastebin taxon" for Pseudocrenilabrinae cichlids of the East African Rift, and as such became the "largest" fish "genus". Many of these cichlids are popular aquarium fishes; like similar Haplochromini they are known as "haplos", "happies" or "haps" among aquarium enthusiasts. [more]

Protomelas

Protomelas is a genus endemic to Lake Malawi in Eastern Africa. The genus is part of the Haplochromine flock and show maternal mouthbrooding and sexual dimorphism typical of this group. The genus currently includes 16 species. Popular in the aquarium hobby, Promelas sp. are sold under a variety of trade names. [more]

Pseudocrenilabrus

Pseudocrenilabrus is a small genus of haplochromine cichlids that are endemic to rivers and lakes in Central and Eastern Africa. These are small cichlids that, as suggested by the common names of the individual species, are mouthbrooders. [more]

Pseudotropheus

Pseudotropheus is a genus of rock dwelling (Mbuna) cichlids found in Lake Malawi. Like some other large cichlid genera, such as Cichlasoma, a number of related fishes have been recently re-assigned to different genera such as Tropheops or Maylandia (see also: Metriaclima). Mbuna literally means "rockdweller" and this description accurately depicts the lifestyle of these cichlids which mostly live in rocky areas. Most Pseudotrophine cichlids are algal grazers in the wild. [more]

Pterophyllum

Pterophyllum is a small genus of freshwater fish from the family Cichlidae known to most aquarists as "Angelfish". All Pterophyllum species originate from the Amazon River, Orinoco River and Essequibo River basins in tropical South America. The three species of Pterophyllum are unusually shaped for cichlids being greatly laterally compressed, with round bodies and elongated triangular dorsal and anal fins. This body shape allows them to hide among roots and plants, often on a vertical surface. Naturally occurring angelfish are frequently striped longitudinally, coloration which provides additional camouflage. Angelfish are ambush predators and prey on small fish and macroinvertebrates. All Pterophyllum species form monogamous pairs. Eggs are generally laid on a submerged log or a flattened leaf. As is the case for other cichlids, brood care is highly developed. [more]

Ptychochromis

Ptychochromis is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Ptychochromoides

Ptychochromoides is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Ptyochromis

Haplochromis is a ray-finned fish genus in the family Cichlidae. It has been used as the default "wastebin taxon" for Pseudocrenilabrinae cichlids of the East African Rift, and as such became the "largest" fish "genus". Many of these cichlids are popular aquarium fishes; like similar Haplochromini they are known as "haplos", "happies" or "haps" among aquarium enthusiasts. [more]

Pundamilia

Pundamilia is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Pungu

The pungu (Pungu maclareni) is a species of in the Cichlidae family. It is endemic to the Crater Lake Barombi Mbo, in western Cameroon. [more]

Pyxichromis

Pyxichromis is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Retroculus

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia.[11] [more]

Rhamphochromis

Rhamphochromis is a genus of cichlid fish endemic to Lake Malawi in East Africa. The genus contains numerous species all of which are latterally compressed pursuit predators. [more]

Rocio

Sargochromis

[more]

Sarotherodon

Sarotherodon is a genus of tilapiine cichlids, fishes endemic to Africa and the Middle East. A few species from this genus have been introduced far outside their native range, and are important in aquaculture. They mainly inhabit fresh and brackish water, but a few can live in salt water (at least for a period). Members of this genus, as well as those of the genera Tilapia and Oreochromis, share the common name "tilapia". [more]

Satanoperca

Satanoperca is a small genus of cichlid fishes from South America, where they are known from the Orinoco, Essequibo, Nickerie, Amazon, Paran? and Paraguay river basins. They are part of a group popularly known as eartheaters. [more]

Schubotzia

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia.[12] [more]

Schwetzochromis

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia.[13] [more]

Sciaenochromis

Sciaenochromis is a genus of haplochromine cichlids endemic to Lake Malawi in East Africa. It includes at least 4 species. The species are popular in the aquarium hobby, most notably S. fryeri. [more]

Serranochromis

Serranochromis is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Simochromis

Simochromis is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Steatocranus

Steatocranus (, 1899) is a small genus of rheophilic cichlid fish primarily endemic to the Congo River in West Africa, although one species, Steatocranus irvinei, is found in Ghana. The genus currently includes 9 formally described species, and at least 7 undescribed species, all of which have relatively reduced swim bladder function. The name Steatocranus refers to the fatty deposit on the forehead of most species. Two species, Steatocranus casuarius (also known as the lionhead, blockhead or humphead) and Steatocranus tinanti are relatively common in the aquarium trade. As for other cichlids brood care is highly developed and both sexes are involved in raising the young. All Steatocranus species are secretive cave spawners and form monogamous pairs for breeding. The female is more actively involved in fry raising, while the male is primarily concerned with territorial defence. [more]

Stomatepia

Stomatepia is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Symphysodon

Discus (Symphysodon spp.) are a genus of three species of cichlid freshwater fishes native to the Amazon River basin. Discus are popular as aquarium fish and their aquaculture in several countries in Asia is a major industry. [more]

Taeniochromis

Taeniochromis is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Taeniolethrinops

Taeniolethrinops is a small genus of haplochromine cichlids endemic to East Africa. [more]

Teleogramma

Teleogramma is an African genus of cichlids with only four species. These dark and slender fishes barely reach 10 centimetres (3.9 in) in length, and are restricted to rapids in the Congo River in DR Congo/Congo Brazzaville. [more]

Telmatochromis

Telmatochromis is a small cichlid genus of the subfamily Pseudocrenilabrinae. These ray-finned fishes are endemic to Lake Tanganyika in East Africa. [more]

Theraps

Theraps is a small fish genus from the cichlidae family. They are endemic to Central America, ranging from Mexico to Panama. Several Theraps sp. have been found across the southern United States as invasive species. [more]

Thoracochromis

Thoracochromis is a fish genus of haplochromine cichlids that are endemic to Africa. Most species are from rivers in Angola and Namibia, or the Congo River Basin in Central Africa, but one (T. wingatii) is from the Nile. Many species have been moved between this genus and Haplochromis, and while some consensus has been reached in recent years, their mutual delimitation is still far from settled. [more]

Thorichthys

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia. [more]

Tilapia

Tilapia ( ti-LAH-pee-?), is the common name for nearly a hundred species of cichlid fish from the tilapiine cichlid tribe. Tilapia inhabit a variety of fresh water habitats, including shallow streams, ponds, rivers and lakes. Historically, they have been of major importance in artisan fishing in Africa and the Levant, and are of increasing importance in aquaculture. Tilapia can become problematic invasive species in new warm-water habitats, whether deliberately or accidentally introduced, but generally not in temperate climates due to their inability to survive in cool waters, generally below 70 ?F (21 ?C). (See tilapia as exotic species). [more]

Tomocichla

[more]

Tramitichromis

Tramitichromis is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Tramitochromis

[more]

Trematocara

Trematocara is a genus of in the Cichlidae family endemic to Lake Tanganyika. [more]

Triglachromis

Triglachromis is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Tristramella

Tristramella is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Tropheops

Pseudotropheus is a of rock dwelling (Mbuna) cichlids found in Lake Malawi. Like some other large cichlid genera, such as Cichlasoma, a number of related fishes have been recently re-assigned to different genera such as Tropheops or Maylandia (see also: Metriaclima). Mbuna literally means "rockdweller" and this description accurately depicts the lifestyle of these cichlids which mostly live in rocky areas. Most Pseudotrophine cichlids are algal grazers in the wild. [more]

Tropheus

Tropheus is a small genus of six species of cichlid fish endemic to Lake Tanganyika in East Africa. The genus Tropheus is widespread across all regions of lake Tanganyika, from Burundi in the North to Zambia in the South.Males and females are relatively similar but do display obvious sexual dimorphism. Males attain a somewhat larger size. All species maternally mouthbrood their eggs and fry and it is this characteristic that provides their latin name. Tropheus comes from the Greek "trophos" which means "to nurture". The genus is fished lightly by the local population but has never become a staple food fish due to its relatively small size and its habitat which enables it to dart between rocks when threatened. [more]

Tylochromis

Tylochromis is a genus of in the Cichlidae family comprising 18 species, all endemic to the African continent. [more]

Tyrannochromis

Tyrannochromis is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It contains the following species: [more]

Uaru

Uaru is a small genus of cichlid fishes with only two species. The name Uaru comes from the Amazon word for toad. The genus occurs in blackwater and whitewater habitats in the upper Orinoco and Rio Negro rivers of the Amazon basin. U. amphiacanthoides is frequently available as a food fish in Brazil and is popular with cichlid-keeping aquarists. [more]

Vieja

Vieja is a genus of fish from the family Cichlidae. The geographic distribution of the genus is limited to Central America, primarily Mexico, Guatemala and Nicaragua. In general Vieja are high bodied cichlids which grow to between 15-35 cm (6 - 13.8 inches). There are 16 species of Vieja currently described. The classification of several species of Vieja are in dispute, several are sometimes listed as part of the genus Theraps. Further investigation including dna studies is expected to clarify the taxonomy over the next few years. [more]

Xenotilapia

Xenotilapia is a genus of 13 cichlid species endemic to Lake Tanganyika in east Africa. [more]

Xystichromis

Haplochromis is a ray-finned fish genus in the family Cichlidae. It has been used as the default "wastebin taxon" for Pseudocrenilabrinae cichlids of the East African Rift, and as such became the "largest" fish "genus". Many of these cichlids are popular aquarium fishes; like similar Haplochromini they are known as "haplos", "happies" or "haps" among aquarium enthusiasts. [more]

Yssichromis

Yssichromis is a genus of in the Cichlidae family. It is usually included in Haplochromis today, at least until this large genus can be properly split up. [more]

At least 9 species and subspecies belong to the Genus Yssichromis.

More info about the Genus Yssichromis may be found here.

Footnotes

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  1. http://www.ubio.org/browser/details.php?namebankID=176183
  2. http://www.ubio.org/browser/details.php?namebankID=176491
  3. http://www.ubio.org/browser/details.php?namebankID=176600
  4. http://www.ubio.org/browser/details.php?namebankID=115716
  5. http://www.ubio.org/browser/details.php?namebankID=116104
  6. http://www.ubio.org/browser/details.php?namebankID=116105
  7. http://www.ubio.org/browser/details.php?namebankID=116301
  8. http://www.ubio.org/browser/details.php?namebankID=116309
  9. http://www.ubio.org/browser/details.php?namebankID=116565
  10. http://www.ubio.org/browser/details.php?namebankID=117167
  11. http://www.ubio.org/browser/details.php?namebankID=117595
  12. http://www.ubio.org/browser/details.php?namebankID=117742
  13. http://www.ubio.org/browser/details.php?namebankID=117746

Sources

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Last Revised: October 03, 2013
2013/10/03 19:11:06