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Anatidae

(Family)

Overview

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A Family in the Kingdom Animalia.

Photos

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Taxonomy

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The Family Anatidae is a member of the Superfamily Anatoidea. Here is the complete "parentage" of Anatidae:

The Family Anatidae is further organized into finer groupings including:

Genera

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Aix

Alopochen

The Egyptian Goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus) is a member of the duck, goose and swan family Anatidae. It is in the shelduck subfamily Tadorninae, and is the only extant member of the genus Alopochen. mtDNA cytochrome b sequence data suggest that the relationships of Alopochen to Tadorna need further investigation (Sraml et al. 1996). [more]

Amazonetta

The Brazilian Teal or Brazilian Duck (Amazonetta brasiliensis) is the only duck in the genus Amazonetta. It was formerly considered a "perching duck", but more recent analyses indicate that it belongs to a clade of South American dabbling ducks which also includes the Crested Duck, the Bronze-winged Duck, and possibly the steamer ducks (Johnson & Sorenson, 1999). [more]

Anabernicula

[more]

Anas

Anas is a genus of dabbling ducks. It includes mallards, wigeons, teals, pintails and shovelers in a number of subgenera. Some authorities prefer to elevate the subgenera to genus rank. Indeed, as the moa-nalos are very close to this clade and may have evolved later than some of these lineages, it is rather the absence of a thorough review than lack of necessity that this genus is rather over-lumped. [more]

Anser

The word anser comes from Latin, meaning goose, and can refer to: [more]

Asacornis

[more]

Asarcornis

[more]

Athya

[more]

Aythya

Aythya is a genus of diving ducks. It has twelve described species. [more]

Bernicla

[more]

Biziura

Biziura is a genus of stiff-tailed ducks endemic to Australasia and containing one living and one fossil species. [more]

Branta

The black geese of the genus Branta are waterfowl belonging to the true geese and swans subfamily Anserinae. They occur in the northern coastal regions of the Palearctic and all over North America, migrating to more southernly coasts in winter, and as resident birds in the Hawaiian Islands. Alone in the Southern Hemisphere, a self-sustaining feral population derived from introduced birds of one species is also found in New Zealand. [more]

Bucephala

Cairina

Cairina is a genus of ducks in the bird family Anatidae. [more]

Callonetta

The Ringed Teal (Callonetta leucophrys) is a small duck of South American forests. It is the only species of the genus Callonetta. Usually placed with the dabbling ducks (Anatinae), this species may actually be closer to shelducks and belong in the subfamily Tadorninae; its closest relative is possibly the Maned Duck. [more]

Camptorhynchus

The Labrador Duck (Camptorhynchus labradorius) was a striking black and white eider-like sea duck that was never common, and is believed to be the first bird to become extinct in North America after 1500. The last Labrador Duck is believed to have been seen at Elmira, New York on December 12, 1878; the last preserved specimen was shot in 1875 on Long Island. It was thought to breed in Labrador, and it wintered from Nova Scotia to as far south as Chesapeake Bay. [more]

Casarca

[more]

Centrornis

[more]

Cereopsis

The Cape Barren Goose (Cereopsis novaehollandiae) is a large goose resident in southern Australia. The species is named for Cape Barren Island, where specimens were first sighted by European explorers. [more]

Chaulelasmus

[more]

Chelychelynechen

[more]

Chen

Chen is a Chinese and Hebrew surname: see . [more]

Chendytes

[more]

Chenonetta

The Australian Wood Duck, Maned Duck or Maned Goose (Chenonetta jubata) is a dabbling duck found throughout much of Australia. It is the only living species in the genus Chenonetta. Traditionally placed in the subfamily Anatinae (dabbling ducks), it might actually belong to the subfamily Tadorninae (shelducks); the Ringed Teal may be its closest living relative. [more]

Chenopis

[more]

Chloephaga

Chloephaga is the sheldgeese in the bird family Anatidae. [more]

Clangula

The Long-tailed Duck or Oldsquaw (Clangula hyemalis) is a medium-sized sea duck. It is the only living member of its genus, Clangula; this was formerly used for the goldeneyes, with the Long-tailed Duck being placed in Harelda. An undescribed congener is known from the Middle Miocene (Late Badenian, 13-12 mya) of M?trasz?l?s, Hungary (G?l et al. 1998-99). [more]

Cnemiornis

[more]

Coscoroba

The Coscoroba Swan (Coscoroba coscoroba) is a species of waterfowl inhabiting southern South America. It is the smallest of the birds called "swans", but still a large species of waterfowl, averaging 4.2 kg (9.3 lbs), 1 m (3.3 ft) long and 1.57 m (5.2 ft) across the wings. It belongs to the subfamily Anserinae in the family of ducks, swans, and geese, Anatidae. It is placed in the monotypic genus Coscoroba. [more]

Cyanochen

The Blue-winged Goose (Cyanochen cyanoptera) is a waterfowl species which is endemic to Ethiopia. It is the only member of the genus Cyanochen. [more]

Cygnus

Cygnus is the Latin word for swan, the romanized form of the ancient Greek ?????? (kyknos) "swan". It may refer to: [more]

Dafila

[more]

Dendrochen

[more]

Dendrocygna

The whistling ducks or tree ducks are a subfamily, Dendrocygninae of the duck, goose and swan family of birds, Anatidae. In other taxonomical approaches, they are either considered a separate family "Dendrocygnidae", or a tribe "Dendrocygnini" in the goose subfamily Anserinae (e.g. Terres & NAS, 1991). [more]

Dendronessa

Eonessa

Eulabeia

Eunetta

Euryanas

Finsch's Duck (Chenonetta finschi) was a large terrestrial species of duck formerly endemic to New Zealand. The species was possibly once the most common duck in New Zealand, a supposition based on the frequency of its fossils in bone deposits. The species was originally considered to be in its own genus, Euryanas, but is now known to be closely related to the Maned Duck and recently derived from that species. [more]

Geochen

[more]

Glaucionetta

[more]

Heteronetta

The Black-headed Duck (Heteronetta atricapilla) is a South American duck allied to the stiff-tailed ducks in the subfamily Oxyurinae of the family Anatidae. It is the only member of the genus Heteronetta. [more]

Histrionicus

The Harlequin Duck (Histrionicus histrionicus) is a small sea duck. It takes its name from Arlecchino, Harlequin in French, a colorfully dressed character in Commedia dell'arte. The species name comes from the Latin word "histrio", "actor". In North America it is also known as Lords and ladies. Other names include painted duck, totem pole duck, rock duck, glacier duck, mountain duck, white-eyed diver, squeaker and blue streak. [more]

Hymenolaimus

The Blue Duck (Hymenolaimus malacorhynchos) is a member of the duck, goose and swan family Anatidae endemic to New Zealand. It is the only member of the genus Hymenolaimus, placed in the shelduck subfamily Tadorninae[] after previously being considered part of the paraphyletic "perching duck" assemblage. The Maori name, sometimes used in English, is whio, which is an onomatopoetic rendition of the males' call. [more]

Lophodytes

The Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus) is a small duck and is the only member of the genus Lophodytes. [more]

Lophonetta

The Crested Duck (Lophonetta specularioides) is a species of duck native to South America, the only member of the monotypic genus Lophonetta. It is sometimes included in Anas, but it belongs to a South American clade that diverged early in dabbling duck evolution (Johnson & Sorenson, 1999). There are two subspecies: L. specularioides alticola (Andean Crested Duck) and L. specularioides specularioides (Patagonian Crested Duck). The Patagonian Crested Duck is also called the Southern Crested Duck and its range lies in the Falklands, Chile, and Argentina. [more]

Malacorhynchus

The Pink-eared Duck (Malacorhynchus membranaceus) is a species of duck found in Australia. It has a large spatulate bill like the Australasian Shoveler, but is smaller at 38?40 cm length. Its brown back and crown, black and white barred sides and black eye patches on its otherwise white face make this bird unmistakable. Juveniles are slightly duller, but otherwise all plumages are similar. Its vernacular name refers to a pink spot in the corner formed by the black head pattern; it is only noticeable at close distance however, making the seldom-used Australian name of Zebra Duck more appropriate. [more]

Mareca

Marmaronetta

The Marbled Duck, or Marbled Teal (Marmaronetta angustirostris), is a medium-sized duck. It used to be included among the dabbling ducks, but is now classed as a diving duck. [more]

Marmoronetta

Mascarenachen

The Egyptian Goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus) is a member of the duck, goose and swan family Anatidae. It is in the shelduck subfamily Tadorninae, and is the only extant member of the genus Alopochen. mtDNA cytochrome b sequence data suggest that the relationships of Alopochen to Tadorna need further investigation (Sraml et al. 1996). [more]

Melananas

Melanitta

The scoters are stocky in the genus Melanitta. The drakes are mostly black and have swollen bills. Females are brown. [more]

Merganetta

The Torrent Duck (Merganetta armata) is a member of the duck, goose and swan family Anatidae. It is the only member of the genus Merganetta. Today it is placed in the shelduck subfamily Tadorninae after the "perching duck" assemblage where it was formerly assigned to was dissolved because it turned out to be paraphyletic[]. Its closest relative may be the Blue Duck of New Zealand[citation needed]. [more]

Mergellus

The Smew (Mergellus albellus) is a small duck, which is somewhat intermediate between the typical mergansers (Mergus) and the goldeneyes (Bucephala). It is the only member of the genus Mergellus; sometimes included in Mergus, this genus is distinct (though closely related) and might actually be a bit closer to the goldeneyes. The Smew has interbred with the Common Goldeneye (B. clangula). [more]

Mergus

Mergus is the genus of the typical mergansers, fish-eating ducks in the seaduck subfamily (Merginae). The Hooded Merganser, often termed Mergus cucullatus, is not of this genus but closely related. The other "aberrant" merganser, the Smew (Mergellus albellus), is phylogenetically closer to goldeneyes (Bucephala). [more]

Metopiana

Neochen

The Orinoco Goose (Neochen jubata) is a member of the duck, goose and swan family Anatidae. It is in the shelduck subfamily Tadorninae, and is the only living member of the genus Neochen. Two fossil relatives have been described from Late Pleistocene sites: Neochen pugil and Neochen debilis of Brazil and Argentina, respectively. [more]

Nesochen

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia.[1] [more]

Netta

Netta is a genus of diving ducks. Unlike other diving ducks, the Netta species are reluctant to dive, and feed more like dabbling ducks. [more]

Nettapus

The pygmy geese are a group of very small "perching ducks" in the genus Nettapus which breed in the Old World tropics. They are the smallest of all wildfowl. As the "perching ducks" are a paraphyletic group, they need to be placed elsewhere. The initially assumed relationship with the dabbling duck subfamily Anatinae[] has been questioned, and it appears they form a lineage in an ancient Gondwanan radiation of waterfowl, within which they are of unclear affinities. An undescribed fossil species from the late Hemphillian (5.0-4.1 mya) of Jalisco, central Mexico, has also been identified from the distal end of a tarsometatarsus. It is only record of the genus in the New World. [more]

Nettion

[more]

Nomonyx

The Masked Duck (Nomonyx dominicus) is a tiny stiff-tailed duck ranging through the tropical Americas. They are found from Mexico to South America and also in the Caribbean. Primarily non-migratory, Masked Ducks are reported as very uncommon vagrants in the southernmost United States, along the Mexican border and in Florida. [more]

Olor

A Genus in the Kingdom Animalia. [more]

Oxyura

Stiff-tailed ducks are part of the Oxyurinae subfamily of ducks. All have, as their name implies, long stiff tail feathers, which are erected when the bird is at rest. All have relatively large swollen bills. [more]

Pachyanas

[more]

Paecilonetta

Paranyroca

[more]

Phaeoaythia

Philacte

The Emperor Goose (Chen canagica) is a species of goose. It breeds around the Bering Sea, mostly in Alaska, USA, but also in Kamchatka, Russia. It is migratory, wintering mainly in the Aleutian Islands. [more]

Plectropterus

The Spur-winged Goose (Plectropterus gambensis) is a large bird in the family Anatidae, related to the geese and the shelducks, but distinct from both of these in a number of anatomical features, and therefore treated in its own subfamily, the Plectropterinae. It occurs in wetlands throughout sub-Saharan Africa. [more]

Polysticta

The Steller's Eider (Polysticta stelleri) is a medium-large sea duck that breeds along the Arctic coasts of eastern Siberia and Alaska. The lined nest is built on tundra close to the sea, and 6-10 eggs are laid. [more]

Pseudotadorna

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Ptaiochen

[more]

Pteronetta

The Hartlaub's Duck (Pteronetta hartlaubii) is a dark chestnut-colored duck of African forests. Formerly included in the paraphyletic "perching duck" assemblage, it was later moved to the dabbling duck assemblage. However, it is fairly distinct from the "typical" dabbling ducks, and is placed in the monotypic genus Pteronetta to reflect this. [more]

Punanetta

[more]

Querquedula

[more]

Radjah

[more]

Rhodonessa

The Pink-headed Duck (Rhodonessa caryophyllacea) is (or was) a large that was once found in parts of the Gangetic plains of India, Bangladesh and in the riverine swamps of Myanmar but feared extinct since the 1950s. Numerous searches have failed to provide any proof of continued existence. It has been suggested that it may exist in the inaccessible swamp regions of northern Myanmar and some sight reports from that region have led to its status being declared as "critically endangered" rather than extinct. The genus placement has been disputed and while some have suggested that it is closer to the pochards, others have placed it in a separate genus of its own. [more]

Rufibrenta

Salvadorina

The Salvadori's Teal or Salvadori's Duck (Salvadorina waigiuensis) is a species of bird native to New Guinea. It is placed in the monotypic genus Salvadorina. [more]

Sarkidiornis

The Knob-billed Duck (Sarkidiornis melanotos), or Comb Duck, is an unusual, pan-tropical duck, found in tropical wetlands in sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar and south Asia from Pakistan to Laos and extreme southern China. It also occurs in continental South America south to the Paraguay River region in eastern Paraguay, southeastern Brazil and the extreme northeast of Argentina, and as a vagrant on Trinidad. [more]

Sinanas

Somateria

Eiders are large in the genus Somateria. Steller's Eider, despite its name, is in a different genus. [more]

Spatula

A spatula also called a turner, or a fish slice or frying scoop in (but see note on usage under Related Utensils below), is a kitchen utensil with a long handle and a broad flat edge, used for lifting fried foods. Though the word spatula is used in British English, it refers solely to a mixing and spreading implement. Often the plate scraper is referred to as a spatula. In some parts of Scotland (e.g. Glasgow or Victoria Halls[citation needed]) the spatula is also known as a tosser which refers to the tossing of omelettes or pancakes. [more]

Speculanas

The Bronze-winged Duck (Speculanas specularis) also known as the Spectacled Duck, is a dabbling duck and the sole member of its genus Speculanas. It is often placed in Anas with most other dabbling ducks, but its closest relative is either the Crested Duck or the Brazilian Duck, which likewise form monotypic genera. Together they belong to a South American lineage which diverged early from the other dabbling ducks (Johnson & Sorenson, 1999) and may include the steamer ducks. [more]

Sthenelides

Stictonetta

The Freckled Duck (Stictonetta naevosa) is a moderately large, broad-bodied duck native to southern Australia. The duck is protected by law. Dark in color with fine off-white speckles all over, it is most easily identified by its large head with a peaked (as opposed to rounded) crown. [more]

Tachyeres

The steamer ducks are a genus (Tachyeres) of ducks in the family Anatidae. All of the four species occur in South America, and all except the Flying Steamer Duck are flightless; even this one species capable of flight rarely takes to the air. The genus name Tachyeres, "having fast oars" or "fast rower", comes from Ancient Greek ta??- "fast" + ???ss? "I row (as with oars)".[] The common name "steamer ducks" derives because, when swimming fast, they flap their wings into the water as well as using their feet, creating an effect like a paddle steamer.[citation needed] [more]

Tadorna

The shelducks, genus Tadorna, are a group of large birds in the Tadorninae subfamily of the Anatidae, the biological family that includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl such as the geese and swans. [more]

Thalassornis

The White-backed Duck (Thalassornis leuconotus) is a waterbird of the family Anatidae. It is distinct from all other ducks, but most closely related to the whistling ducks in the subfamily Dendrocygninae, though also showing some similarities to the stiff-tailed ducks in the subfamily Oxyurinae. It is the only member of the genus Thalassornis. [more]

Thambetochen

[more]

More info about the Genus Thambetochen may be found here.

Bibliography

  • Pence DB, Bergan JF, Journal of medical entomology. 1996 May;33(3):467-72.

Footnotes

  1. http://www.ubio.org/browser/details.php?namebankID=22139

Sources

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Last Revised: August 23, 2014
2014/08/23 06:13:24