Ampharetinae are a subfamily of terebellid "bristle worm" (class Polychaeta). As such, they belong to the order Canalipalpata, one of the three main clades of polychaetes. They are the largest subfamily of the Ampharetidae, of which they contain far more than half of the described genera.
The majority of ampharetines are marine organisms like usual for polychaetes. However, some members of this subfamily are among the rare euryhaline polychaetes, inhabiting brackish and freshwater habitat. They are generally are smallish deposit feeders which frequently live in small tubes they build from mud or similar substrate, or burrow in the sand.
The Subfamily Ampharetinae is a member of the Family Ampharetidae. Here is the complete "parentage" of Ampharetinae:
- Domain: Eukaryota
Whittaker & Margulis,1978 - eukaryotes
- Kingdom: Animalia
C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
- Subkingdom: Bilateria
(Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983 - bilaterians
- Branch: Protostomia Grobben, 1908 - protostomes
- Subkingdom: Bilateria (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983 - bilaterians
- Kingdom: Animalia C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
The Subfamily Ampharetinae is further organized into finer groupings including:
- Genus (15): Alkmaria · Amage · Ampharete · Amphicteis · Amythasides · Anobothrus · Eclysippe · Hypania · Lysippe · Lysippides · Mugga · Sabellides · Samytha · Sosane · Sosanopsis
- Species: ZipcodeZoo has pages for 88 species and subspecies in the Subfamily Ampharetinae.
Amage was a Sarmatian queen who, as Polyaenus reports, ruled as regent for her incapacitated husband in the 4th century BC. She was very warlike, and once sent a letter to a Scythian prince warning him to stop his incursions on her protectorates in the Crimea. When he ignored this warning, Amage rode with 120 men to Scythia and attacked him, killing his guards, killing his friends and family, and personally killing the prince herself "in a sword duel". She allowed his son to live and rule his people on the condition that he obey her edicts. [more]
Ampharete is a genus of polychaete annelid worm with a single, chevron-shaped row of teeth. [more]
Eucalyptus sideroxylon, or Mugga, Red Ironbark or Mugga Ironbark, is a small to medium-sized or occasionally tall tree. The bark is persistent on the trunk and large branches, hard and deeply furrowed, dark grey to black, with upper limbs smooth and whitish. [more]
More info about the Genus Sosanopsis may be found here.
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