'The Noctuids are members
of the Superfamily
Noctuoidea. Worldwide in distribution, this family
is the largest in the Lepidoptera and has approximately 20,000 species. About 2,900 of these are found in North America, and there is wide variation
and behavior. Most moths are gray to brown in color and have line
or spots on their wings
. Some species are brightly colored
. They are small to large in size, and most species are medium-sized with wingspans 2 - 4.5 cm. When at rest, adults
of most species hold their wings above their bodies like a roof. Noctuids are typically nocturnal
, though some species are diurnal
. Most larvae feed
on plant foliage
, dead leaves, lichens, and fungi; many are serious forest
pests. Some species are leaf miners, others are stem- or leaf-borers, and still others feed at night on plant shoots. Noctuid moths pupate in cells
in soil, in plant cavities, or in silk
Typically found in the intertidal zone at the water's edge at a mean distance from sea level of 12 meters (39 feet).
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Latreille, 1829
- Snodgrass, 1938
- Heymons, 1901
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- Superorder: Amphiesmenoptera ()
- Cohort: Myoglossata ()
- Infraclass: Pterygota ()
- Subclass: Dicondylia ()
- Class: Insecta () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - Insects
- Epiclass: Hexapoda ()
- Superclass: Panhexapoda ()
- Infraphylum: Atelocerata () - Heymons, 1901
- Subphylum: Mandibulata () - Snodgrass, 1938
- Phylum: Arthropoda () - Latreille, 1829 - Arthropods
- Superphylum: Panarthropoda () - Cuvier
- Infrakingdom: Ecdysozoa () - A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Protostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Members of the genus Xanthodes
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 0 species and subspecies in this genus:
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- ...Scientific results of the cruises of the yachts "Eagle" and "Ara", 1921-1928, William K. Vanderbilt, commanding. Crustacea... By Lee Boone. Huntington, N. Y., Priv. print. [The Science press printing company, Lancaster, Pa.]1930- url p. 134.
- Bernice P. Bishop Museum bulletin. Honolulu, Hawaii: Bishop Museum Press, 1922-1987. url p. 43.
- Bulletin from the laboratories of natural history of the State University of Iowa. Iowa City, Iowa: The University, 1888-. url .
- Memoirs: Australian Museum. Sydney: The Museum, 1851- url p. 130, p. 516.
- Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. London: Academic Press, [etc.], 1833-1965. url p. 1062, p. 582, p. 589, p. 705.
- Report on the zoological collections made in the Indo-Pacific ocean during the voyage of H.M.S. 'Alert' 1881-2. LondonPrinted by order of the Trustees1884 url p. 529.
- Studies in natural history. Iowa City, Ia. url p. 271.
- The Australian zoologist. Sydney, Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales url p. 248, p. 313.
- The Brachyura / by Mary J. Rathbun; with nine plates. 35 1907 Cambridge, U.S.A.: Printed for the Museum, 1907. url p. 44.
- Transactions and proceedings of the New Zealand Institute. Wellington: New Zealand Institute. url p. 556.
- Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. London: [The Society], 1879- url p. 223, p. 484.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-2006. Systema Naturae 2000. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Accessed October 4, 2006.
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed March 25, 2006. http://www.gbif.org Mediated distribution data from 36 providers.
- LepIndex: The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
- Marlin, Bruce. CirrusImage.com.
- Opler, Paul A., Harry Pavulaan, Ray E. Stanford, Michael Pogue, coordinators. Butterflies and Moths of North America. Bozeman, MT: Mountain Prairie Information Node. March 26, 2007.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal December 04, 2007:
- National Chemical Laboratory, IndOBIS, Indian Ocean Node of OBIS
- Senckenberg, Collection Crustacea ZMG