Common Names in English:
'The Hesperiidae are members
of the Superfamily
Hesperioidea. Worldwide in distribution, skippers are richest in the tropics. More than 3,500 species are described, with approximately 275 in North America, many of which are found only in Arizona and Texas. Most skippers are small to medium, usually orange, brown, black, white, or gray. A few have iridescent
colors. Skippers have large eyes, short antennae (often with hooked
clubs), stout bodies, and three pairs of walking legs
. Their flight is often rapid, making wing
movement appear blurred. Adults
of most species have long probicscises and feed
nectar, but some also take up nutrients
from bird droppings. Males have scent scales
found in modified forewing
patches. Males of most species locate mates by perching
and giant-skippers), though some patrol, especially in the open-winged skippers. Globular
are laid singly.
Pyrgines are primarily tropical American species of the Family Hesperiidae. There are approximately 80 North American species. Most genera are tropical, but the duskywings and checkered-skippers are mainly temperate and also occur in Eurasia . Adults of many species land with their wings open, although some perch with their wings closed or half open. They imbibe nectar from flowers, and males of many species take in moisture from moist sand or mud . Some adults also feed on bird droppings. Many tropical species rest underneath leaves when inactive . Females lay eggs singly. Most species lay eggs directly on host-plant leaves, while others lay on nearby plants or objects. Almost all species use broad-leafed plants as their caterpillar hosts, and caterpillars live in rolled-leaf or webbed-leaf shelters .
Species Urbanus teleus
Tails are long; body and wings are brown. Forewing of both sexes has a thin transparent median band ; male also has 4 transparent spots at the costal margin . Male has no costal fold. (ref. 104871)
Tails are long; body and wings are brown. Forewing of both sexes has a thin transparent median band ; male also has 4 transparent spots at the costal margin . Male has no costal fold.
Wing span : 1 3/8 - 1 1/2 inches (3.5 - 3.9 cm).
Seasonal tropical forest and scrub .
Flight: Many flights throughout the year in South Texas.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Latreille, 1829
- Snodgrass, 1938
- Heymons, 1901
- Order: Lepidoptera () - Linnaeus, 1758 - Butterflies and Moths
- Cohort: Myoglossata ()
- Infraclass: Pterygota ()
- Subclass: Dicondylia ()
- Epiclass: Hexapoda ()
- Superclass: Panhexapoda ()
- Infraphylum: Atelocerata () - Heymons, 1901
- Subphylum: Mandibulata () - Snodgrass, 1938
- Phylum: Arthropoda () - Latreille, 1829 - Arthropods
- Superphylum: Panarthropoda () - Cuvier
- Infrakingdom: Ecdysozoa () - A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Protostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Name Status: Accepted Name .
Probably over reported as female Brown Longtails have a forewing median band suggestive of Teleus Longtail.
Members of the genus Urbanus
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 12 species and subspecies in this genus:
U. belli (Double-Striped Longtail) · U. dorantes (Dorantes Longtail) · U. doryssus (White-Tailed Longtail) · U. esmeraldus (Esmeralda Longtail) · U. evona (Turquoise Longtail) · U. procne (Brown Longtail) · U. pronus (Pronus Longtail) · U. proteus (Bean Leafroller) · U. simplicius (Plain Longtail) · U. tanna (Tanna Longtail) · U. teleus (Teleus Longtail) · U. viterboana (Bluish Longtail)
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- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 10, 2012.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal February 17, 2008:
- Illinois Natural History Survey, Illinois Natural History Survey
- Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad
- , Biodiversidad de Costa Rica
- University of Helsinki, Department of Applied Biology, Rancho Grande
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2602559
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Lep-189595.0
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 14044525
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: IILEP12050
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 171411