The horns of the Greater Kudu are prized by sportsmen for their trophy value. Farmers sometimes kill the animals because they damage crops , and the animals are harvested as a meat source. These factors , along with habitat destruction, have greatly reduced their range and overall numbers.
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Common Names in English:
Common Names in Russian:
Species Tragelaphus strepsiceros
This spiral-horned antelope is bluish gray to grayish-brown in color
and has seven to ten vertical
on its flanks. Its maximum
is over five feet, and males weigh as much as 720
. Females are somewhat smaller.
A fringe of long erectile hair extends from the chin down the length of the neck, and another stretches along the back to the tail.
The male is further distinguished by his long horns which make two or three complete twists as the diverge. The horns can grow over four feet long.
Body Length: 185-245 cm / 6.1-8.1 ft Shoulder Height: 100-160 cm / 3.2-5.2 ft Tail Length: 30-55 cm / 12-22 in Weight: 120-315 kg / 264-787 lb .
The Greater Kudu prefers woodlands and thickets, especially the hilly rough terrain of East, Central and South Africa.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 1,670 meters (0 to 5,479 feet).
includes mixed scrub
woodland (it is one of the
few large mammals that thrives in settled areas - in the scrub woodland
that reclaims abandoned fields
and degraded pastures-),
acacia, and mopane bush on lowlands, hills
, and mountains. Recorded
to 2,400 m
in Ethiopia (Yalden et al.
1996). Kudu are browsers
they can exist for long periods without drinking, obtaining sufficient
moisture from their food, but become water dependent
at times when
the vegetation is very dry (Owen-Smith in press
List of Habitats:
- 1 Forest
- 1.5 Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
- 2 Savanna
- 2.1 Savanna - Dry
- 3 Shrubland
- 3.5 Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
- 8 Desert
- 14 Artificial/Terrestrial
- 14.3 Artificial/Terrestrial - Plantations [more info]
This antelope feeds mainly by browsing and is able to pick out scanty, high quality foods from much poorer surrounding vegetation. It eats fruits, seed pods, flowers and leaves, often choosing plants that other herbivores reject because of unpleasant taste.
Individual females separate from their groups to give birth and then
rejoin the groups as their calves
grow. The young tend to be born
during the early part of the wet season
(January-March). Single offspring
weigh about eight pounds
and are born after a gestation period
seven to eight months.
Captive Greater Kudu have lived twenty years.
The Greater Kudu is extremely wary and depends on woodlands and thickets
as it browses
The animal has the often fatal habit of stopping after a short run from danger to look back. It is most active at dawn, dusk, and during the night.
The gait of the Greater Kudu may appear clumsy, but its leaping ability is remarkable.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Bateson, 1885
- Cuvier, 1812
- Jawed Vertebrates
- Goodrich, 1930
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Rowe, 1988) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- (Wible et al., 1995) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- McKenna, 1975
- McKenna, 1975
- McKenna, 1975
- (McKenna, 1975) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- (Parker & Haswell, 1897) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- (Owen, 1837) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- (Mckenna, 1975) M.c. Mckenna & S.k. Bell, 1997
- (McKenna, 1975) McKenna, in Stucky & McKenna, in Benton, ed., 1993
- (C. Linnaeus, 1766) McKenna, 1975
- McKenna, 1975
- Owen, 1848
- Suborder: Ruminantia () - Scopoli, 1777
- Order: Cetartiodactyla () - Owen, 1848
- Mirorder: Eparctocyona () - McKenna, 1975
- Grandorder: Ungulata () - (C. Linnaeus, 1766) McKenna, 1975
- Superorder: Preptotheria () - (McKenna, 1975) McKenna, in Stucky & McKenna, in Benton, ed., 1993
- Magnorder: Epitheria () - (Mckenna, 1975) M.c. Mckenna & S.k. Bell, 1997
- Cohort: Placentalia () - (Owen, 1837) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- Supercohort: Theria () - (Parker & Haswell, 1897) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- Infralegion: Tribosphenida () - (McKenna, 1975) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- Sublegion: Zatheria () - McKenna, 1975
- Legion: Cladotheria () - McKenna, 1975
- Superlegion: Trechnotheria () - McKenna, 1975
- Infraclass: Holotheria () - (Wible et al., 1995) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- Subclass: Theriiformes () - (Rowe, 1988) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- Class: Mammalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758
- Superclass: Tetrapoda () - Goodrich, 1930
- Infraphylum: Gnathostomata () - auct. - Jawed Vertebrates
- Subphylum: Vertebrata () - Cuvier, 1812 - Vertebrates
- Phylum: Chordata () - Bateson, 1885 - Chordates
- Infrakingdom: Chordonia () - (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Deuterostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 22-Apr-2004
Members of the genus Tragelaphus
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 20 species and subspecies in this genus:
T. angasii (Lowland Nyala) · T. buxtoni (Mountain Nyala) · T. derbianus (Giant Eland) · T. derbianus derbianus (Western Giant Eland) · T. derbianus gigas (Eastern Giant Eland) · T. eurycerus (And Kudus) · T. eurycerus eurycerus (Lowland Bongo) · T. eurycerus isaaci (Mountain Bongo) · T. imberbis (Lesser Kudu) · T. imberbis australis (Lesser Kudu) · T. imberbis imberbis (Lesser Kudu) · T. oryx (Common Eland) · T. scriptus (Harnessed Antelope) · T. scriptus scriptus (Bushbuck) · T. spekii (Sitatunga) · T. spekii gratus (Sitatunga) · T. spekii spekii (Marshbuck) · T. strepsiceros (Greater Kudu) · T. strepsiceros strepsiceros (Greater Kudu) · T. tragelaphus scriptus (Harnessed Antelope)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 26, 2007:
- Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, Vertebrate specimens
- Marine Science Institute, UCSB, Paleobiology Database
- Michigan State University Museum, Vertebrate specimens
- Museum of Texas Tech University
- , Mammal specimens
- University of Alaska Museum of the North, University of New Mexico Museum of Southwestern Biology Mammal Collection
- University of Helsinki, Department of Applied Biology, Animal observations
- University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
- , Mammal specimens
- University of Minnesota Bell Museum of Natural History, Mammal specimens
- University of Washington Burke Museum, Mammal Specimens
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 106193
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-625134
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13528652
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 625134
- IUCN ID: 246853
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: AMALE12010
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 12275
- Mean = 554.850 meters (1,820.374 feet), Standard Deviation = 939.880 based on 92 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
- IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group 2008. Tragelaphus strepsiceros. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 05 February 2012. [back]