Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Bulgarian:
Common Names in Czech:
Sumec, Sumec Obecny, Sumec Velk, Sumec Velká, Sumec Velký
Common Names in Danish:
Europ, Europæisk Malle, Malle
Common Names in Dutch:
Common Names in English:
Danube Catfish, Wels Catfish, Danubian Wels, European Catfish, Sheatfish, Som Catfish, Wels
Common Names in Finnish:
Common Names in French:
Salut, Silure Glane
Common Names in German:
Donauwels, Europ, Europäischer Flußwels, Flu, Flußwels, Schaden, Schaiden, Schait, Scharn, Scheid, Scheidel, Uwelra, Wälin, Waller, Wallerfisch, Wellenlinien-Rochen, Weller, Welro, Wels, Wil, Wils, Wölz
Common Names in Greek:
Glanidi, Goulianos, Γιαγίνι, Γουλιανός
Common Names in Greek, Modern:
Common Names in Hungarian:
Common Names in Hungarian (Magyar):
Common Names in Italian:
Common Names in Kirghiz:
Common Names in Latvian:
Common Names in Macedonian:
Common Names in Mandarin Chinese:
Common Names in Marshallese:
Common Names in Norwegian:
Common Names in Persian:
Esbele, Esbele Europaiye, Esbeleh, Gorba-Mahi, Mahi-E Sebili, Nake, گربه ماهي, گربه ماهي روگاهي
Common Names in Polish:
Sum, Sum Pospolity
Common Names in Portuguese:
Peixe-Gato, Siluro Europeu, Siluro-Europeu
Common Names in Prussian, Old:
Common Names in Romanian:
Common Names in Rumanian:
Iaprac, Iarma, Moaca, Somn, Somn-Pana, Somotei
Common Names in Russian:
Obyknovennyi, Obyknovennyi Som, Som, обыкновенный (европейский) сом, сом, сом европейский
Common Names in Serbian:
Common Names in Slovak:
Sumec Obycajn, Sumec Obycajný
Common Names in Slovenian:
Common Names in Spanish:
Siluro, Siluro Europeo
Common Names in Swedish:
Common Names in Turkish:
Common Names in Ukrainian:
Typically found in a lake at a mean distance from sea level of 96 meters (316 feet).
Biome: Marine .
Large and medium size lowland rivers , backwaters and well vegetated lakes . Spawns in shallow, warm and well vegetated riverine habitats without current .
Lives up to 80 years in the wild. Spawns for the first time at 2-3 years and 1-2 kg . Spawns in April-June, in northern areas until August, when temperature reaches about 20°C. In spawning grounds , males defend small territories and build nests of plant material , dig shallow depressions or clean spawning substrate such as willow (Salix) roots . Nests are defended by males until larvae emerge . Spawns in pairs. During spawning act, the male embraces the female. Eggs hatch in 2-3 days and larvae remain in nest until yolk sack is absorbed (2-4 days). A nocturnal predator , feeding near bottom and in water column . Very sensitive to extra-aquatic sounds . Head sensory canal system allows to track the wakes [a trail of hydrodynamic and chemical signatures left by a swimming fish] of prey up to 10 seconds old over distances up to 55 times the length of the prey. Larvae and juveniles benthic and negatively phototactic, feeding on a wide variety of invertebrates and fish. Adults feed on fish and other aquatic vertebrates ..
List of Habitats:
- 5 Wetlands (inland)
- 5.1 Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls )
- 5.5 Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha)
- 5.7 Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) [more info]
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Bateson, 1885
- Cuvier, 1812
- Jawed Vertebrates
- Huxley, 1880
- Huxley, 1880
- Subclass: Actinopterygii ()
- Class: Osteichthyes () - Huxley, 1880
- Superclass: Osteichthyes () - Huxley, 1880
- Infraphylum: Gnathostomata () - auct. - Jawed Vertebrates
- Subphylum: Vertebrata () - Cuvier, 1812 - Vertebrates
- Phylum: Chordata () - Bateson, 1885 - Chordates
- Infrakingdom: Chordonia () - (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Deuterostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Siluris glanis • Silurus glanis aralensis Kessler • Silurus silurus Wulff
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: Data last modified by FishBase 05-Aug-1994
Members of the genus Silurus
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 45 species and subspecies in this genus:
S. afghana (Afghanistan Silurus) · S. aristotelis (Aristotle's Catfish) · S. asotus (Far Eastern Catfish) · S. aspredo (Banjo Catfish) · S. atherinoides (Indian Topasi) · S. attu (Freshwater Shark) · S. bagre (Coco Sea Catfish) · S. bajad (Black Nile Catfish) · S. batrachus (Toyman's Spotted Catfish) · S. bicirrhis (Indian Glass Wels) · S. bimaculatus (Indian Butter-Catfish) · S. biwaensis (Lake Biwa Catfish) · S. callichthys (Bubblenest Catfish) · S. cataphractus (Talking Catfish) · Ameiurus nebulosus (White Bullhead) · S. chilensis (Tollo De Agua Dulce) · S. costatus (Striped Raphael Catfish) · S. docmak (Silver Catfish) · Malapterurus electricus (Electric Catfish) · S. fasciatus (Tiger Shovelnose Catfish) · Ameiurus nebulosus (Hardhead Sea Catfish) · S. fossilis (Scorpion Cat-Fish) · S. galeatus (North African Catfish) · S. garua (River Catfish) · S. glanis (Danube Catfish) · S. gyrinus (Redtail Catfish) · S. herzbergii (Pemecou Sea Catfish) · S. inermis (Haplochromis Quads) · S. limpok (Long-Barbel Sheatfish) · S. lineatus (Striped Cat-Fish Eel) · S. malabaricus (Goan Catfish) · S. marinus (Gafftopsail Sea Catfish) · S. melas (Yellow Belly Bullhead) · S. mento (Kunming-Lake Catfish) · S. militaris (Strong-Headed Cat-Fish) · S. mystus (African Butter Catfish) · S. nodosus (Cocosoda Catfish) · S. olivaris (Flathead Catfish) · S. pabda (Pabdah Catfish) · S. pabo (Pabda Catfish) · S. parkeri (Gillbacker Sea Catfish) · S. schall (Nile Squeaker) · S. singio (Thailand Silurus) · S. soldatovi (Soldatov's Catfish) · S. vittatus (Striped Dwarf Cat Fish)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 12, 2007:
- European Environment Agency, EUNIS
- Institute of Nature Conservation PAS, National System of Proetcted Areas
- Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Ichtyologie
- NLBIF, Limnodata
- Senckenberg, Collection Pisces
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Fishes
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Swedish Board of Fisheries
- - National Register of Survey testfishing
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Swedish Board of Fisheries
- - Swedish Electrofishing Registry
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Biological Records Centre - Database for the Atlas of Freshwater Fishes
- University of Navarra, Museum of Zoology, Museum of Zoology, University of Navarra
- inatura - Erlebnis Naturschau Dornbirn, inatura - Erlebnis Naturschau Dornbirn
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 3865053
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Fis-29527
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 4490920
- IUCN ID: 242353
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 1026197
- Standard Deviation = 113.420 based on 468 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
- Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Silurus glanis. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 04 February 2012. [back]