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Scorpaena porcus

(Small-scaled scorpionfish)


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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Albanian:


Common Names in Arabic:

Asht ´aro, Asht 'aro, Asht 'aroûb, Asht 'aro˚b

Common Names in Catalan:

Esc, Escórpora fosca

Common Names in Croatian:

Bodec, Joh, Jokavac, Škarpoc, Škarpun, Škrpun

Common Names in Danish:

Sort dragehovedfisk

Common Names in English:

Black scorpion fish, Black scorpion-fish, Black scorpionfish, European scorpionfish, Rascasse, Sea pig, Sea scorpion, Small-scaled scorpionfish, smallscaled scorpionfish

Common Names in Finnish:

Provenssilainen kalakeitto

Common Names in French:

Bouillabaisse, Porc, Rascasse, Rascasse brune

Common Names in German:

Brauner Drachenkopf, Kleine Meersau

Common Names in Greek:

Mavroskorpios, Καφετιά, Μαυροσκορπιός, Σκορπίδι, Σκορπίνα, Σκορπιός, Χάφτης

Common Names in Greek, Modern:

Mavroskorpios, Μαυροσκορπιός

Common Names in Greek, Modern (1453):

Mavroskorpios, Μαυροσκορπιός

Common Names in Italian:

Scarpegna nera, Scarpena, Scarpena negra, Scarpigna, Scofana, Scofana tignusa, Scoffina, Scorfane nire, Scorfane niure, Scorfano, Scorfano 'e scoglio, Scorfano bruno, Scorfano nero, Scorfinu veraci, Scorpena nera, Scorpina, Scorpula, Scrofanu, Scrofanu de sicca, Scrofola nera, Scrufaneddu niuru, Scurpena, Scurpena de scheugghiu

Common Names in Maltese:

Skorfna, Skorfna sewda, Slorfna

Common Names in Mandarin Chinese:

石鮋, 石鲉

Common Names in Portuguese:

Co, Coça, Rasca, Rascaço, Rascasso-de-pintas

Common Names in Rumanian:

Porc de mare, Scorpie de mare, Scorpie-de-mare

Common Names in Russian:

Morshoi ersh, Skorpena, ерш черноморский морской, скорпена

Common Names in Slovene:

Rjava škarpena, Rjava škarpena

Common Names in Slovenian:

Rjava , Rjava škarpena, Rjava škarpena, Rjava ˚karpena

Common Names in Spanish:

Cabracho, Escarapota, Rascacio

Common Names in Susu:


Common Names in Swedish:

Svart skorpionfisk

Common Names in Turkish:

Iskorpit, İskorpit balığı


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Common among rocks and algae.

Typically found in water with a depth of 0 to -4,900 meters (0 to -16,076 feet).[1]

Biome: Marine .


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Feeds on small fishes (gobies , blennies), crustaceans and other invertebrates [2].


Solitary and sedentary .


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Scorpaena erythraea Cuvier


Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: Data last modified by FishBase 08-Aug-1994

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Scorpaena

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 81 species and subspecies in this genus:

S. afuerae (Peruvian Scorpionfish (FB)) · S. agassizi (Longfin Scorpionfish) · S. agassizii (Longfin Scorpionfish) · S. albifimbria (Lesser Scorpionfish) · S. amplisquamiceps (Orange Scorpionfish) · S. angolensis (Angola Rockfish) · S. antennata (Ragged-Finned Lion Fish) · Sebastapistes fowleri (Spotfin Scorpionfish) · S. bandanensis (Little Scorpion Cod) · S. barathri (Bigeye Sea Perch) · S. bergi (Goosehead Scorpionfish) · S. bergii (Goosehead Scorpionfish) · S. brachyptera (Shortfin Scorpionfish) · S. brasiliensis (Barbfish) · S. brevispina (Japanese Shortspined Scorpionfish) · S. bulacephala (Bullhead Scorpionfish) · S. bynoensis (Marbled Scorpionfish) · S. calcarata (Smooth-Head Scorpionfish) · S. cardinalis (Eastern Red Scorpionfish) · S. cardinalisin (Red Rock Cod) · S. carinata (Long-Finned Waspfish) · S. cookii (Cook's Scorpionfish) · S. cristulata (Yellow-Spotted Scorpionfish) · S. cruenta (Red Rock Cod) · S. dactyloptera (Blackbelly Rosefish) · S. diabolus (False Scorpionfish) · S. didactyla (Popeyed Sea Goblin) · S. dispar (Hunchback Scorpionfish) · S. echinata (Atlantic Thornyhead) · S. elachys (Dwarf Scorpionfish) · S. elongata (Slender Rockfish) · S. folgori (Folgor's Scorpionfish) · S. frondosa (Popeyed Scorpionfish) · S. gasta (Ghostly Scorpionfish) · S. gibbosa (Humpbacked Scorpion Fish) · S. grandicornis (Grass Scorpionfish) · S. grandicornisand (Plumed Scorpionfish) · S. grandisquamis (Bigscale Scorpionfish) · S. guamensis (Guam Scorpion Cod) · S. gusta (Ghostly Scorpionfish) · S. guttata (California Scorpionfish) · S. histrio (Player Scorpionfish (FB)) · S. horrida (Whiteblotched Scorpionfish) · S. inermis (Mushroom Scorpionfish) · S. isthmensis (Smooth-Cheek Scorpionfish) · S. izensis (Izu Scorpionfish) · S. laevis (Senegalese Rockfish) · S. loppei (Cadenat's Rockfish) · S. maderensis (Spineblotch Scorpionfish) · S. madurensis (Madeira Rockfish) · S. mcadamsi (Ocellated Scorpionfish) · S. mellissii (Melliss's Scorpionfish) · S. miles (Indian Turkeyfish) · S. mossambica (Mozambique Scorpionfish) · S. mystes (Pacific Spotted Scorpionfish (FB)) · S. neglecta (Scorpionfish) · S. neglecta neglecta (Scorpionfish) · S. normani (Norman´s Lampeye) · S. notata (Small Red Scorpionfish) · S. nuchalis (Spineblotch Scorpionfish) · S. onaria (Neglected Scorpionfish) · S. oxycephalus (Smallscale Scorpionfish) · S. panda (Bighead Gurnard Perch) · S. papillosa (Chained Scorpionfish) · S. parvipinnis (Shortfinned Scorpionfish) · S. pepo (Pumpkin Scorpionfish) · S. picta (Pacific Spotted Scorpionfish) · S. plumieri (Gurnard) · S. plumierii (Pacific Spotted Scorpionfish) · S. plumieri mystes (Pacific Spotted Scorpionfish) · S. porcus (Small-Scaled Scorpionfish) · S. russula (Reddish Scorpionfish (FB)) · S. scrofa (Bigscale Scorpionfish) · S. senegalensis (Speckled Scorpionfish) · S. sonorae (Sonora Scorpionfish (FB)) · S. stephanica (Spotted-Fin Rockfish) · S. strongia (Darkspotted Scorpionfish) · S. sumptuosa (Western Red Scorpionfish) · S. tredecimspinosa (Deepreef Scorpionfish) · S. vaigiensis (False Scorpionfish) · S. venosa (Yellow-Nose Scorpionfish)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 18, 2007:



  1. Mean = -619.430 meters (-2,032.251 feet), Standard Deviation = 874.120 based on 139 observations. Ocean depth information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
  2. Hureau, J.-C. and N.I. Litvinenko (1986). Scorpaenidae. p. 1211-1229. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol 3. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-05-07