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Scomberomorus guttatus

(Indo-Pacific King Mackerel)


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Family : Mackerels , tunas , bonitos ; A pelagic migratory fish inhabiting coastal waters at depths between 15-200 m ; sometimes entering turbid estuarine waters; usually found in small schools[1]. Feeds mainly on small schooling fishes (especially sardines and anchovies ), squids and crustaceans[1]. Fishing peaks in the months of November and December in Eastern Thailand, late Dec and January in the northern part of the Gulf and January to March in its western part. Caught with midwater trawls, purse seines, bamboo stake traps, and by trolling[1]. Marketed mainly fresh; also dried-salted [1], smoked and frozen[2]. Small quantities of frozen product are exported to Europe and North America[2].

Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Arabic:

Kanaad, Kanad, Khabat

Common Names in Bengali:

Bijram, Mackerel, বিজরাম

Common Names in Bengali, Bangla:

Bijram, Mackerel

Common Names in Bikol:

Bangkulis, Tangiging-Natural

Common Names in Burmese:

Nga bu zin, Nga-Bu-Zin

Common Names in Cebuano:

Saramulyete, Tangigi, Tangigue

Common Names in Chavacano:


Common Names in Chinese:

斑点马鲛, 臺灣馬加鰆

Common Names in Danish:

Indo pacifisk kongemakrel, Indo-Pacifisk Kongemakrel

Common Names in Davawenyo:


Common Names in Dutch:

Indopacifische koningsmakreel

Common Names in English:

Indo-Pacific King Mackerel, Indian Spanish Mackerel, Indo Pacific King Mackerel, Indo Pacific Spanish Mackerel, Indo-Pacific Spanish Mackerel, Sheer, Spanish mackerel, Spotted mackerel, Spotted Seer, Spotted Seer Fish, Spotted Seerfish, Spotted Spanish Mackerel, Spotted Tangingi

Common Names in French:

Thazard Ponctu? Indo-pacifique, Thazard Ponctu, Thazard Ponctué, Thazard ponctué (Indo Pacifique), Thazard Ponctué (Indo-Pacifique), Thazard Ponctué Indo pacifique, Thazard Ponctué Indo-Pacifique

Common Names in Gujarati:

Chhapri, Surmai, છપ્રી , સુરમઈ 

Common Names in Hiligaynon:


Common Names in Ilokano:


Common Names in Japanese:

Taiwan sawara, Taiwan-Kingyo, Taiwan-Sawara

Common Names in Javanese:

Ayong ayong, Ayong-Ayong, Usek usek, Usek-Usek

Common Names in Kannada:

Khullkul, ಖುಲ್ಲಕುಲ್ 

Common Names in Konkani:


Common Names in Malagasy:


Common Names in Malay:

Ajong-Ajong, Iyot, Luding, Tandang, Tandau, Tenggiri, Tenggiri Papan, Tengiri, Tohok, Tohok Langi

Common Names in Malayalam:

Arrakeeah, Aya kora, Aya-Kora, Ney meen, Ney-Meen, Seela Nammeen, Varimeen, അര്ക്ക, ഐക്കോറ, നെയ് മീന് , നെയ്മീന്, വരിമീന്, വരിമീന് , സീല നമ്മീന്, സീല നമ്മീന് 

Common Names in Mandarin Chinese:

台湾马加鰆, 台灣馬加鰆, 库氏马鲛, 庫氏馬鮫, 斑点马鲛, 斑點馬鮫, 白北

Common Names in Marathi:

Anjari, Kargan, Surma-Hadra, Surmai, Touri, Towar, अंजरी, करगान, तोयरी, तोवार, सुरमइ, सुरमा हादरा

Common Names in Marathi (Marāṭhī):

Anjari, Kargan, Surma hadra, Surmai, Touri, Towar, सुरमई

Common Names in Persian:

Ghobad, Qobad, Sheer

Common Names in Persian (Farsi):

Ghobad, Qobad, Sheer

Common Names in Polish:

Makrela Indyjska

Common Names in Portuguese:

Serra leopardo, Serra-Leopardo

Common Names in Russian:

Indijskaya Makrel, Pyatnistaya Ispanskaya Makrel, Pyatnistaya Pelamida

Common Names in Sinhalese:

Alu Thora, Anjilava, Cheela, Genu Thora, Sekkal Thora

Common Names in Spanish:

Carite del Indo-Pac?fico, Carite Del Indo-Pacifico, Carite Estriado

Common Names in Spanish, Castilian:

Carite del Indo Pacífico, Carite estriado

Common Names in Surigaonon:


Common Names in Tagalog:


Common Names in Tamil:

Anjila, Cheela, Jhavar, Katta cheela, Katta-Cheela, Kattayan seela, Kattayan-Seela, Nei Arekula, Seela, Vanjiram, Wantasaran, கட்ட சீலா, கட்டா சீலா , கட்டாயன் சீலா  , கட்டையன் சீலா, சீலா, ஜவார், வஞ்சிரம், வஞ்சீரம்  , வந்டாசாரன், வந்தாசரன்

Common Names in Telugu:

Vanjaramu, Wingram, వంజరం, వంజరాము 

Common Names in Thai:

Insi, Pla in See Jud, Pla in See Khao Tok, ปลาอินทร$, ปลาอินทรีย์ข้าวตอก, ปลาอินทรีย์จุด

Common Names in Vietnamese:

Cá Thu, Cá Thu Ch?m, Cá Thu Cham

Common Names in Waray-waray:

Bankulis, Tangigi


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Biome: Marine .

Ecology: This is a pelagic migratory fish inhabiting coastal waters at depths to 200 m , it sometimes enters turbid estuarine waters, and is usually found in small schools. It feeds mainly on small schooling fishes (especially sardines and anchovies ), squids and crustaceans. Fishing peaks in the months of November and December in Eastern Thailand, late Dec and January in the northern part of the Gulf and January to March in its western part.

Adults can reach a maximum length of 76 cm fork length. Maturity is reached at around 48–52 cm total length (TL ) or 1–2 years old in southern India, and about 40 cm (TL) in Thailand. Length at 50% maturity is 37.5 (cm) for females (Krishnarnoorthy 1958). Based on the occurrence of ripe females and the size of maturing eggs , spawning probably occurs from April to July in southern India and in May in Thailand waters. Fecundity increases with age in the Indian waters, ranging from around 400,000 eggs at age two years to over one million eggs at age four years (IOTC 2007). This species may live to be 16 years old (Devaraj 1977).[3].

List of Habitats :


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Cybium crookewitiiCybium crookewitii Bleeker • Cybium guttatumCybium guttatum (Bloch & Schneider • Cybium interruptumCybium interruptum Cuvier • Cybium kuhliiCybium kuhlii Cuvier • Indocybium guttatumIndocybium guttatum (Bloch & Schneider • Scomber guttatusScomber guttatus Bloch & Schneider • Scomber leopardusScomber leopardus Shaw • Scomberomorus crookewitiScomberomorus crookewiti (Bleeker • Scomberomorus guttatumScomberomorus guttatum (Bloch & Schneider • Scomberomorus interruptusScomberomorus interruptus (Cuvier • Scomberomorus kuhliiScomberomorus kuhlii (Cuvier • Scomberomous guScomberomous guttatum (Bloch & Schneider


Name Status: Accepted Name .

First described: Bloch, M .E. and J.G. Schneider M.E. Blochii, systema ichthyologiae iconibus cx illustratum. Post obitum auctoris opus inchoatum absolvit, correxit, interpolavit Jo. Gottlob Schneider, Saxo. Berolini, Sumtibus Austoris Impressum et Bibliopolio Sanderiano Commissum: Berlin. 584 p., 1801.

Last scrutiny: Data last modified by FishBase 09-Mar-2000

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Scomberomorus

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 23 species and subspecies in this genus:

S. brasiliensis (Serra Spanish Mackerel) · S. cavalla (Spanish Mackerel) · S. chinensis (Narrow-Barred Spanish Mackerel) · S. commerson (Narrow Barred Spanish Mackerel King Mackerel (South Africa)) · S. commersoni (Narrow-Barred Spanish Mackerel) · S. concolor (Monterrey Spanish Mackerel) · S. guttatum (Indo-Pacific Spanish Mackerel) · S. guttatus (Indo-Pacific King Mackerel) · S. koreanus (Compressed Mackerel) · S. lineolatus (Streaked Seerfish) · S. maculatus (Atlantic Spanish Mackerel) · S. multiradiatus (Papuan Spanish Mackerel) · S. munroi (Australian Spotted Mackerel) · S. niphoninus (California Grenadier) · S. niphonius (Japanese Spanish Mackerel) · S. plurilineatus (Spotted Mackerel) · S. queenslandicus (Queensland School Mackerel) · S. regalis (Kingfish Mackerel) · S. semifasciatus (Broadbarred Spanish Mackerel) · S. sierra (Pacific Sierra) · S. sinensis (Chinese Seerfish) · S. tigris (Skipper Garfish) · S. tritor (West African Spanish Mackerel)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal March 02, 2008:



  1. Collette, B.B. (2001). Scombridae. Tunas (also, albacore, bonitos, mackerels, seerfishes, and wahoo). p. 3721-3756. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western [back]
  2. Frimodt, C. (1995). Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial warmwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, England. 215 p. [back]
  3. Collette, B., Di Natale, A., Fox, W., Juan Jorda, M. & Nelson, R. 2011. Scomberomorus guttatus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <>. Downloaded on 04 February 2012. [back]
Last Revised: 2015-02-06