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Common Names in English:
Musk Ox, muskox, oomingmak
Common Names in French:
Boeuf Musqu, boeuf musquÃ©, boeuf musqué
Body Length: 200-245 cm / 6.6-8.1 ft . Shoulder Height: 125-135 cm / 4.1-4.5 ft. Tail Length: 10-14 cm / 4-5.6 in. Weight: 180-380 kg / 396-836 lb .
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 1,373 meters (0 to 4,505 feet).
Muskoxen are large-bodied herbivores in an environment characterized
by a short and variable plant growing season
high) and a long winter when the availability of low quality forage
is highly variable through the snow cover
. Typically, muskoxen live
in mixed sex and age herds
or small male bachelor herds which have
within which muskoxen move between seasonal ranges
adapted to a diet of sedges and grasses, muskoxen
and forage selectively for forbs
. They calve
before snow melt so lactation is supported by the cow’s fat reserves
which the cow
has to replenish during the brief summer. Muskoxen
have a high threshold of fat reserves before conceiving which reflects
their conservative breeding strategies. Winter ranges typically have
shallow snow to reduce the energetic costs of digging through snow
to reach forage. Muskoxen may also be susceptible to internal parasites
but their role in muskox foraging
ecology and population dynamics
is unknown. The implications of the low genetic variability of muskoxen
are likewise unknown..
List of Habitats :
- 4 Grassland
- 4.1 Grassland - Tundra [more info]
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Bateson, 1885
- Cuvier, 1812
- Jawed Vertebrates
- Goodrich, 1930
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Rowe, 1988) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- (Wible et al., 1995) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- McKenna, 1975
- McKenna, 1975
- McKenna, 1975
- (McKenna, 1975) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- (Parker & Haswell, 1897) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- (Owen, 1837) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- (Mckenna, 1975) M.c. Mckenna & S.k. Bell, 1997
- (McKenna, 1975) McKenna, in Stucky & McKenna, in Benton, ed., 1993
- (C. Linnaeus, 1766) McKenna, 1975
- McKenna, 1975
- Owen, 1848
- Suborder: Ruminantia () - Scopoli, 1777
- Order: Cetartiodactyla () - Owen, 1848
- Mirorder: Eparctocyona () - McKenna, 1975
- Grandorder: Ungulata () - (C. Linnaeus, 1766) McKenna, 1975
- Superorder: Preptotheria () - (McKenna, 1975) McKenna, in Stucky & McKenna, in Benton, ed., 1993
- Magnorder: Epitheria () - (Mckenna, 1975) M.c. Mckenna & S.k. Bell, 1997
- Cohort: Placentalia () - (Owen, 1837) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- Supercohort: Theria () - (Parker & Haswell, 1897) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- Infralegion: Tribosphenida () - (McKenna, 1975) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- Sublegion: Zatheria () - McKenna, 1975
- Legion: Cladotheria () - McKenna, 1975
- Superlegion: Trechnotheria () - McKenna, 1975
- Infraclass: Holotheria () - (Wible et al., 1995) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- Subclass: Theriiformes () - (Rowe, 1988) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
- Class: Mammalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758
- Superclass: Tetrapoda () - Goodrich, 1930
- Infraphylum: Gnathostomata () - auct. - Jawed Vertebrates
- Subphylum: Vertebrata () - Cuvier, 1812 - Vertebrates
- Phylum: Chordata () - Bateson, 1885 - Chordates
- Infrakingdom: Chordonia () - (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Deuterostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 22-Apr-2004
Members of the genus Ovibos
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 3 species and subspecies in this genus:
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 26, 2007:
- Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, Vertebrate specimens
- Marine Science Institute, UCSB, Paleobiology Database
- Michigan State University Museum, Vertebrate specimens
- Royal Ontario Museum, Mammal specimens
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Mammals
- University of Alaska Museum of the North, University of Alaska Museum Mammal Collection
- University of Alaska Museum of the North, University of New Mexico Museum of Southwestern Biology Mammal Collection
- University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
- , Mammal specimens
- University of Washington Burke Museum, Mammal Specimens
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 106217
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-180708
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 2481187
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 180708
- IUCN ID: 229146
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: AMALE03010
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 16675
- Mean = 414.910 meters (1,361.253 feet), Standard Deviation = 536.490 based on 44 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
- Gunn, A. & Forchhammer, M. 2008. Ovibos moschatus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 03 February 2012. ... [back]