Common Names in English:
'The Hesperiidae are members
of the Superfamily
Hesperioidea. Worldwide in distribution, skippers are richest in the tropics. More than 3,500 species are described, with approximately 275 in North America, many of which are found only in Arizona and Texas. Most skippers are small to medium, usually orange, brown, black, white, or gray. A few have iridescent
colors. Skippers have large eyes, short antennae (often with hooked
clubs), stout bodies, and three pairs of walking legs
. Their flight is often rapid, making wing
movement appear blurred. Adults
of most species have long probicscises and feed
nectar, but some also take up nutrients
from bird droppings. Males have scent scales
found in modified forewing
patches. Males of most species locate mates by perching
and giant-skippers), though some patrol, especially in the open-winged skippers. Globular
are laid singly.
The grass skippers are members of the Family Hesperiidae. Distributed worldwide, they comprise more than 2,000 species, most of which are found in the American tropics. The small to medium-sized adults usually have abruptly angled antennae with an apiculus at the tip . Adults of many temperate species are predominantly orange, while brown is the most common color of the tropical species. Male forewings usually have a brand or stigma with specialized scales . Most species have long proboscises and are avid flower-visitors. Adults flight is rapid, and perching posture is unique: the hindwings are opened at a wider angle than the forewings. Males of most species perch while looking for mates. Caterpillars feed on monocotyledons (grasses and allied plants ) and live in silken leaf nests that sometimes extend underground. Grass skippers typically overwinter as caterpillars within their shelters .
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 2,595 meters (0 to 8,514 feet).
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Latreille, 1829
- Snodgrass, 1938
- Heymons, 1901
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- Cohort: Myoglossata ()
- Infraclass: Pterygota ()
- Subclass: Dicondylia ()
- Class: Insecta () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - Insects
- Epiclass: Hexapoda ()
- Superclass: Panhexapoda ()
- Infraphylum: Atelocerata () - Heymons, 1901
- Subphylum: Mandibulata () - Snodgrass, 1938
- Phylum: Arthropoda () - Latreille, 1829 - Arthropods
- Superphylum: Panarthropoda () - Cuvier
- Infrakingdom: Ecdysozoa () - A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Protostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Members of the genus Ochlodes
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 10 species and subspecies in this genus:
O. agricola (Rural Skipper) · O. agricola agricola (Rural Skipper) · O. agricola verus (Verus Rural Skipper) · O. sylvanoides (Woodland Skipper) · O. sylvanoides catalina (Woodland Skipper) · O. sylvanoides sacramentorum (Woodland Skipper) · O. venatus (Large Skipper) · O. venatus venatus (Large Skipper) · O. yuma (Yuma Skipper) · O. yuma anasazi (Yuma Skipper)
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- British journal of entomology and natural history. [London]: British Entomological and Natural History Society, 1988- url p. 94.
- Catalogue of the family-group, genus-group and species-group names of the Hesperioidea (Lepidoptera) of the world / Charles A. Bridges. Urbana, Ill.: C.A. Bridges, c1994. url p. 37.
- Impacts of Climate Change on Wildlife RSPB url p. 68.
- Spixiana. 12 1989 München: Zoologische Staatssammlung München, 1977- url p. 301.
- The Bulletin of zoological nomenclature. London, International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature. url p. 56.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 15, 2012.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 21, 2007:
- Biologiezentrum der Oberoesterreichischen Landesmuseen, Biologiezentrum Linz
- Mokpo Museum of Natural History, Mokpo Museum of Natural History Insect
- University of Helsinki, Department of Applied Biology, Lepidopterological Society of Finland
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 6259259
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13852119
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 2046413
- http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/taxonomy?f=19&sci=Hesperiidae&com=Skippers [back]
- http://bugguide.net/index.php?q=search&keys=Stinga&search=Search [back]
- Mean = 377.100 meters (1,237.205 feet), Standard Deviation = 559.440 based on 21 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]