Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Afrikaans:
Common Names in Dutch:
Common Names in English:
Black-crowned Night Heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron, American night heron, Black-crowned Night-Heron., Blackcrowned Night Heron, Night Heron, Qua Bird, qua-bird, Quawk, quok, squawk
Common Names in Finnish:
Common Names in French:
H?ron bihoreau, bihoreau gris, Héron bihoreau
Common Names in German:
Common Names in Hebrew:
Common Names in Italian:
Common Names in Japanese:
Common Names in Russian:
Kvakva, Кваква, Кваква обыкновенная
Common Names in Spanish:
Martinete, Martinete Común, Pedrete corona negra
Common Names in Swedish:
Adult : Head : Cap: black Crown: glossy black. Breeding adults have 2-3 long white plumes on the back of the crown Ear Tufts: red Face : Eyebrow Line : white Eye Color: red Facial Skin : yellow-green Bill: dark, mostly black Neck: Nape: black Sides: gray Body: Back: glossy black Underparts: creamy Upperparts: white Legs : Foot Color: yellow Leg Color: yellow Tail: gray Undertail Coverts: pale gray Uppertail Coverts: pale gray.Breeding: Head: Cap: black Crown: glossy black. Breeding adults have 2-3 long white occipital plumes on the back of the crown Ear Tufts: red Face: Eyebrow Line: white Eye Color: red Facial Skin: brighter yellow-green than non-breeding. Bill: dark, mostly black Neck: Nape: black Sides: gray Body: Back: glossy black Upperparts: white Legs: Foot Color: brighter yellow than non-breeding. Leg Color: yellow Tail: gray Undertail Coverts: pale gray Uppertail Coverts: pale gray.Immature: Face: Eye Color: yellow Facial Skin: brighter yellow-green than non-breeding. Bill: dark, mostly black.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 3,422 meters (0 to 11,227 feet).
Behavior Northern populations of this species are migratory, with
those breeding in the western Palearctic
travelling on a broad front
across the Sahara1 and those breeding in North
American travelling on a narrow front along the Atlantic and Pacific
coasts2. Post-breeding southward movements occur
from September to October and return northward movements occur from
March to May2. Tropical
populations are not migratory
but may undergo seasonal post-breeding dispersive movements1.
In temperate regions
breeding occurs in the local spring
, with tropical
nesting generally coinciding with the rains2.
The species usually nests
in small numbers7 in
single- or mixed-species colonies1, although sometimes
groups may reach several thousand pairs1. When
nesting within mixed-species colonies the species tends to form monospecific
clusters2. The species's aggregatory behaviour
outside of the breeding season
varies much throughout its range
some populations (e.g.
in America) remaining highly gregarious
the year7 and gathering in flocks of hundreds
even thousands to roost1, others (e.g. Palearctic
breeders) being largely solitary except when roosting or on migration7
(roosting flocks of 2-6 to 200 are known in Africa5
and small flocks occur on migration)1. The species
is largely crepuscular and nocturnal
, but may feed
during the breeding season1. Habitat The
species inhabits fresh, brackish
or saline waters with aquatic
(e.g. pine, oak or mangroves
) for roosting and
nesting in1, showing a preference for islands or
predator-free areas for nesting sites2. It occupies
the forested margins
of shallow rivers
, marshes and mangroves and may feed on pastures, reservoirs
canals, aquaculture ponds1 and rice-fields (up
to 96 % of a colony's food resources
may be taken from nearby rice-fields)2.
On migration the species may also frequent dry grasslands or marine
coasts1, kelp beds2 and estuaries6.
up to 4,800 m
(Chile)2 but is more common
of up to c.2,000 m7. Diet
It is an opportunistic
taking fish, frogs
, lizards, adult
and larval insects1 (e.g.
beetles, bugs, grasshoppers, crickets, flies and dragonflies)2,
spiders, crustaceans, molluscs
, leeches, small rodents, bats and
and chicks of other bird species1. Breeding
site The nest is platform constructed of sticks
2 placed 2-50 m above water or on dry ground
in trees, bushes, reedbeds, on cliff
rivers)6 and on the ground1 in
protected sites2. The species nests close together
in single- and mixed-species colonies1 with as
many as 20-30 pairs in the same tree2. Colony
may be reused in consecutive years or flocks may move to new sites
(usually such movements are a result of nesting trees being destroyed
due to the colony's nesting activities)2. Colony
sites are dispersed throughout the landscape in relation to distance
from feeding areas2. Management
A study carried out in north-west Italy suggests that existing nesting
sites should be protected and that breeding habitats should be actively
managed in order
to maintain suitable habitat
The creation of a network
of new nesting sites spaced at 4-10 km
in relation to available foraging
habitats in zones currently without
suitable nesting sites is also recommended13.
List of Habitats:
- 1 Forest
- 1.6 Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
- 1.7 Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level
- 5 Wetlands (inland)
- 5.1 Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls )
- 5.4 Wetlands (inland) - Bogs , Marshes, Swamps , Fens , Peatlands
- 5.5 Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha)
- 12 Marine Intertidal
- 12.5 Marine Intertidal - Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses)
Mostly fish, with some aquatic invertebrates , reptiles , amphibians , and small mammals.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Bateson, 1885
- Cuvier, 1812
- Jawed Vertebrates
- Goodrich, 1930
- Linnaeus, 1758
- Gauthier, 1986
- (C. Linnaeus, 1758)
- Pycraft, 1900
- Garrod, 1874
- Wagler, 1830
- Parvorder: Ciconiida ()
- Infraorder: Ciconiides () -
- Suborder: Ciconii () -
- Order: Pelecaniformes () - Wagler, 1830
- Superorder: Ciconiimorphae () - Garrod, 1874
- Cohort: Neognathae () - Pycraft, 1900
- Infraclass: Aves () - (C. Linnaeus, 1758)
- Subclass: Avialae () - Gauthier, 1986
- Class: Aves () - Linnaeus, 1758
- Superclass: Tetrapoda () - Goodrich, 1930
- Infraphylum: Gnathostomata () - auct. - Jawed Vertebrates
- Subphylum: Vertebrata () - Cuvier, 1812 - Vertebrates
- Phylum: Chordata () - Bateson, 1885 - Chordates
- Infrakingdom: Chordonia () - (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Deuterostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Nycticorax nycticorax (Linnaeus, 1758)
Members of the genus Nycticorax
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 18 species and subspecies in this genus:
N. caledonicus (Nankeen Night Heron) · N. caledonicus caledonicus (Nankeen Night Heron) · N. caledonicus crassirostris (Bonin Nankeen Night Heron) · N. duboisi (Reunion Night-Heron) · N. goisagi (Long-Billed Murrelet) · N. leuconotus (White-Backed Night-Heron) · N. magnificus (White-Eared Night Heron) · N. mauritianus (Mauritius Night-Heron) · N. megacephalus (Niceforo Brown Pintail) · N. melanolophus (Malayan Night Heron) · N. nycticorax (Black-Crowned Night-Heron) · N. nycticorax falklandicus (Black-Crowned Night-Heron (Falklands)) · N. nycticorax hoactli (Black-Crowned Night-Heron (American)) · N. nycticorax nycticorax (Black-Crowned Night-Heron (Eurasian)) · N. nycticorax obscurus (Black-Crowned Night-Heron (Dusky)) · N. nycticorax violaceus (Yellow-Crowned Night Heron) · N. violaceus (Yellow-Crowned Night Heron) · N. violaceus violaceus (Yellow-Crowned Night Heron)
- Search for Pictures: images.google.com
- Search for Scholarly Articles: Google Scholar
- Search using Scientific Name and Vernacular Names: All the Web | AltaVista Canada | AltaVista | Excite | Google | HotBot | Lycos
- Search using Specialized Databases: GenBank | Medline | Scirus | CISTI/CAL | Agricola Periodicals | Agricola Books
- A Directory of Neotropical Wetlands. IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre url p. 101, p. 102, p. 129, p. 151, p. 152, p. 155, p. 158, p. 182, p. 194, p. 199, p. 205, p. 223, p. 224, p. 230, p. 231, p. 232, p. 233, p. 246, p. 249, p. 265, p. 284, p. 292, p. 293, p. 298, p. 299, p. 312, p. 315, p. 321, p. 322, p. 324, p. 326, p. 348, p. 366, p. 368, p. 372, p. 380, p. 388, p. 389, p. 390, p. 392, p. 393, p. 394, p. 395, p. 396, p. 407, p. 410, p. 42, p. 43, p. 449, p. 45, p. 457, p. 491, p. 503, p. 515, p. 524, p. 530, p. 531, p. 539, p. 542, p. 553, p. 564, p. 565, p. 567, p. 589, p. 591, p. 671, p. 88, p. 93, p. 95.
- A List of British birds / London: British Ornithologists' Union, 1915. url , .
- A catalogue of the flowering plants and higher cryptogams, both native and introduced, found within about thirty miles of Hanover, N. H., including a few cultivated species, to which is appended a list of vertebrate animals of the same region. By Henry Jesup. [Hanover?]Printed for the Author, 1891. url p. 66.
- A checklist of the vertebrate animals of Kansas / George D. Potts, Joseph T. Collins. [Lawrence, Kan.]: Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, 1991. url p. 7.
- A contribution to the ornithology of the Orinoco region, by George K. Cherrie. Brooklyn, N.Y.: Pub. for the Brooklyn museum, 1916. url p. 364.
- A faunal investigation of Long Point and vicinity, Norfolk County, Ontario / [Toronto: Royal Ontario Museum of Zoology], 1931. url p. 163.
- A faunal investigation of Prince Edward County, Ontario / Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1941. url p. 31.
- A floral and faunal inventory of the Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andohahela, Madagascar: with reference to elevational variation / Steven M. Goodman, editor. 94 1999 [Chicago, Ill.]: Field Museum of Natural History, c1999. url p. 294.
- A guide to the birds of Nepal Christopher Helm (Publishers) Ltd. url p. 88.
- A hand-book to the birds of Great Britain / by R. Bowdler Sharpe. London: E. Lloyd, 1896-1897. url p. 80.
- A hand-list of British birds, with an account of the distribution of each species in the British Isles and abroad. By Ernst Hartert, F. C. R. Jourdain, N. F. Ticehurst and H. F. Withersby. London, Witherby, 1912. url p. 125.
- A hand-list of the birds of Japan, by M. Ogawa. [Tokyo]1908. url p. 345.
- A hand-list of the birds of the Malay Peninsula, south of the Isthmus of Kra. By Herbert C. Robinson. .. Kuala LumpurF. M. S. government printing office, 1910. url p. 5.
- A history of the birds of Colorado, London, Witherby & Co., 1912. url .
- A key to the birds of the Hawaiian group. By William Alanson Bryan. .. Honolulu, H.I., Bishop Museum Press, 1901. url p. 66.
- A key to the birds of the lower Yangtse Valley, with popular descriptions of the species commonly seen. By N. Gist Gee. .. and Lacy I. Moffett. Shanghai, Shanghai Mercury Limited, Print., 1917. url p. 20.
- A list of British birds, comp. by a committee of the British ornithologists' union. London: British ornithologists' union, 1915. url p. 195, p. 196, p. 386.
- A list of the birds of Florida / by Charles B. Cory. Boston: For sale by B. Whidden, 1896. url p. 7.
- A list of the birds of Maine, showing their distribution by counties and their status in each county. Prepared under the auspices of the United ornithologists of Maine by Ora W. Knight. .. Augusta, Kennebec journal print, 1897. url p. 40.
- A list of the birds of Maryland / F.C. Kirkwood. Baltimore, Md., 1895. url p. 276.
- A list of the birds of Maryland, giving dates of the arrival, departure and nesting periods of our regular birds; also including stragglers and such others as no doubt occur but are not recorded. By F.C. Kirkwood. .. Baltimore[Deutsch Lithographing & Printing Co.]1895. url p. 276, p. 378, p. 378.
- A list of the birds of Maryland: giving dates of the arrival, departure and nesting periods of our regular birds, also including stragglers and such others as no doubt occur but are not recorded / Baltimore: Deutsch Lithographing & Print. Co.; 1895. url .
- A list of the birds of New Hampshire. By Glover M. Allen. Manchester, N.H., Nature Study press, 1903. url p. 81.
- A list of the birds of eastern North America / by Charles B. Cory. Boston: For sale by B. Whidden, 1896. url p. 14.
- A manual of North American birds. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1900. url p. 637.
- A manual of Philippine birds / by Richard C. McGregor. Manila: Bureau of Printing, 1909. url p. 170, p. 170, p. 728.
- A manual of Philippine birds, by Richard C. McGregor. .. Manila, Bureau of Printing, 1909. url p. 170, p. 728.
- A manual of palæarctic birds, by H. E. Dresser. London, The author, 1902-03. url p. 573.
- A manual of the vertebrate animals of the northern United States: including the district north and east of the Ozark mountains, south of the Laurentian hills, north of the southern boundary of Virginia, and east of the Missouri river, inclusive of marine species / Chicago:A. C. McClurg, 1916. url .
- A naturalist in the Bahamas, John I. Northrop, October 12, 1861-June 25, 1891; a memorial volume / edited with a biographical introd. New YorkColumbia University Press1910 url p. 48, p. 51.
- A naturalist in the Bahamas: New York, Columbia University Press[c1910] url .
- A popular handbook of the birds of the United States and Canada / Boston: Little, Brown, 1921. url , .
- A popular handbook of the ornithology of eastern North America. By Thomas Nuttall. Boston, Little, Brown, and Company, 1896. url p. 424.
- A preliminary catalog of the birds of Missouri / Otto Widmann. St. Louis: Academy of Science of St. Louis, 1907. url p. 55.
- A preliminary catalogue of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop museum of Polynesian ethnology and natural history. .. Honolulu, 1892-93. url p. 11, p. 7.
- A preliminary list of the birds found in Vermont / by George H. Perkins; assisted by Clifton D. Howe. Albany: Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Co., 1901. url .
- A reprint of the North American zoology, by George Ord. Being an exact reproduction of the part originally compiled by Mr. Ord for Johnson & Warner, and first published by them in their 2d American ed. of Guthrie's geography, in 1815. Taken Haddonsfield, N.J., Pub. by the editor, 1894. url p. 44, p. 74.
- A study of the incubation periods of birds; what determines their lengths, Denver, Col., The Kendrick-Bellamy Co., 1917. url .
- A study of the structure of feathers, with reference to their taxonomic significance, by Asa C. Chandler. Berkeley, University of California press, 1916. url p. 322.
- A survey of natural areas in Brunswick County, North Carolina: for The North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, Coastal Natural Area Inventory Project / Raleigh: North Carolina Coastal Energy Impact Program, Office of Coastal Management, North Carolina Dept. of Natural Resources and Community Development, [1982?] url , .
- A survey of natural areas in Tyrrell County, North Carolina: for The North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, Coastal Natural Area Inventory Project / Raleigh: North Carolina Coastal Energy Impact Program, Office of Coastal Management, North Carolina Dept. of Natural Resources and Community Development, [1982?] url p. 11.
- Abstract of the proceedings of the Linnaean Society of New York City, for the official year. . [New York]: The Society, [1889-1932] url p. 114, p. 116, p. 36, p. 49, p. 68, p. 73.
- American bird magazine, ornithology. Worcester, Mass.: C.K. Reed, 1903-1906. url p. 214, p. 222.
- American birds studied and photographed from life / by William Lovell Finley. Illustrated with photographs by Herman T. Bohlman and the author. New York: Scribner's sons, 1907. url p. 307, p. 321.
- American birds, studied and photographed from life, by William Lovell Finley; illustrated from photographs by Herman T. Bohlman and the author. New York, C. Scribner's sons, 1907. url p. 231.
- American ornithology, for home and school. [Worcester, Mass.: Charles K. Reed], 1901-. url p. 214.
- An ecological characterization of Coastal Maine (north and east of Cape Elizabeth) / Stewart I. Fefer and Patricia S. Schettig: principal investigators. Newton Corner, Mass.: Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Northeast Region, 1980. url , p. 36.
- An environmental profile of the Black Sea Coast WCMC url p. 101, p. 22, p. 23, p. 25, p. 30, p. 32, p. 36, p. 54.
- Animal Ecology. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall, 1961. url p. 456.
- Animal and plant life in Oklahoma, Norman, 1917. url .
- Annals of the Carnegie Museum. [Pittsburgh]: Published by authority of the Board of Trustees of the Carnegie Institute, 1901- url p. 158, p. 390, p. 564, p. 60, p. 600.
- Annotated checklist of bird and mammal species of Cocha Cashu Biological Station, Manu National Park, Peru / John W. Terborgh, John W. Fitzpatrick, Louise Emmons. 21 1984 Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, 1984. url table 2 , p. 15.
- Annotated list of the Avery bird collection in the Alabama museum of natural history (Geological survey museum) University, Ala., 1921. url , .
- Annotated list of the birds of Point Pelee. n.p., n.d. url p. 83.
- Annual report / Albany: University of the State of New York, 1902-1918. url p. 106, p. 125, p. 126, p. 84.
- Annual report of the New Jersey State Museum. Trenton, N.J.: MacCrellish & Quigley, url p. 107.
- Annual report of the New York Zoological Society. New York: The Society, 1897- url p. 199.
- Annual report of the Ohio State Academy of Science. Columbus: The Academy, 1893-1930. url p. 56.
- Ardea. Amsterdam, etc., Nederlandse Ornithlogische Unie, etc. url p. 30, p. 93.
- Assessment of the Red Rock River subbasin and wetlands of the Centennial Valley / Helena, Mont.: Montana Natural Heritage Program, c2009. url p. 13.
- Biosphere Reserves, Compilation 5, October 1990: programme on man and the biosphere (MAB) IUCN url p. 11.
- Bird-life: a guide to the study of our common birds / with seventy-five full-page colored plates after drawings by Ernest Thompson Seton. Toronto: McClelland,  url .
- Bird-life; a guide to the study of our common birds, With seventy-five full-page colored plates after drawings by Ernest Seton-Thompson. by Frank M. Chapman. New York, D. Appleton and company, 1901. url p. 192, p. 92.
- Bird-lore. New York, National Association of Audubon Societies. url p. 220, p. 50.
- Birdcraft: a field book of two hundred song, game, and water birds / New York: Macmillan, 1900. url .
- Birdcraft; a field book of two hundred song, game, and water birds, by Mabel Osgood Wright. .. With eighty full-page plates by Louis Agassiz Fuertes. London: The Macmillan company, 1897. url p. 316.
- Birds and nature. Chicago, Ill.: A.W. Mumford, Publisher, 1900-1907. url p. 11.
- Birds in Kansas / Max C. Thompson & Charles Ely. 1 Lawrence, Kan.: University of Kansas, Museum of Natural History: c1989- url p. 401, p. 50, p. ix.
- Birds of America; editor-in-chief, T. Gilbert Pearson; consulting editor, John Burroughs; artists, R.I. Brasher, R. Bruce Horsfall [and] Henry Thurston. 1 1923 New York, The University Society, 1923. url figure , p. 194.
- Birds of Arkansas. Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1911. url , .
- Birds of California; an introduction to more than three hundred common birds of the state and adjacent islands, with a supplementary list of rare migrants, accidental visitants, and hypothetical subspecies, Chicago, A.C. McClurg, 1916. url .
- Birds of Massachusetts and other New England states / [Norwood, Ma.: Printed by Berwick and Smith Company], 1925-1929 url , p. 447.
- Birds of Michigan. By A. J. Cook. Lansing, Mich., R. Smith & co., state printers and binders, 1893 url p. 344.
- Birds of Michigan. illustrated by A. J. Cook. Lansing, Mich., R. Smith & co., state printers and binders, 1893 url p. 44.
- Birds of North Carolina, by T. Gilbert Pearson, C. S. Brimley and H. H. Brimley. Raleigh, Edwards & Broughton printing co., state printers, 1919. url p. 105.
- Birds of South Carolina, by Arthur Trezevant Wayne. With an introduction by the editor. Charleston, S.C., [The Daggett Printing Co.]1910. url p. 32.
- Birds of Washington and vicinity, including adjacent parts of Maryland and Virginia, by Mrs. L. W. Maynard, with introduction by Florence A. Merriam. .. Washington, D. C., 1898. url p. 200, p. 200.
- Birds of Washington and vicinity: including adjacent parts of Maryland and Virginia / by Mrs. L. W. Maynard; with introduction by Florence Merriam Bailey. Washington, D. C.: Woodward & Lothrop, 1902. url p. 207.
- Birds of a Maryland farm: a local study of economic ornithology / Washington; G.P.O., 1902. url .
- Birds of eastern Canada / Ottawa: F.A. Acland, 1922. url .
- Birds of eastern Canada / Ottawa: J. de L. Tache?, 1919. url , .
- Birds of eastern Canada / by P. A. Taverner. Ottawa: F. A. Acland, 1922. url p. 87.
- Birds of eastern Canada / by P.A. Taverner. Ottawa: Canada Dept. of Mines, Geological Survey, 1919. url p. 286, p. 84.
- Birds of eastern Canada, by P. A. Taverner. Ottawa, J. de L. Tache?, printer, 1919. url p. 286, p. 84.
- Birds of eastern Canada, by P.A. Taverner. Ottawa, J. de L. Taché, Printer, 1919. url p. 286, p. 84.
- Birds of eastern North America, Garden City, N. Y., Doubleday, Page & Company, 1912. url .
- Birds of the Boston Public Garden, a study in migration, Boston and New York, Houghton Mifflin co., 1909. url p. 234, p. 59.
- Birds of the Boston Public Garden: a study in migration / by Horace Winslow Wright; with an introduction by Bradford Torrey and illustrations. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1909. url p. 234, p. 234, p. 234, p. 59, p. 59.
- Birds of the Boston Public garden, a study in migration, by Horace Winslow Wright; with an introduction by Bradford Torrey and illustrations. Boston and New York, Houghton Mifflin co., 1909. url p. 234, p. 59.
- Birds of the Chukchi Peninsula and Wrangel Island = (Ptitsy Chukotskogo poluostrova i ostrova Vrangelya) / L.A. Portenko; translated from Russian [by P.M. Rao]. New Delhi: Published for the Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C., by Amerind Pub. Co., 1981- url p. 346.
- Birds of the Kansas City region [by] Harry Harris. [St. Louis, Mo.]1919 url p. 243.
- Birds of the New York city region, by Ludlow Griscom, assistant curator of ornithology, with the cooperation of the Linnæan society of New York. .. New York, The Museum, 1923. url p. 395.
- Birds of the Papago Saguaro National Monument and the neighboring region, Arizona, by H. S. Swarth. Contribution from the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology of the University of California. Washington, D.C.: Govt. Print. Off., 1920. url p. 54.
- Birds of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains; a manual for the identification of species in hand or in the bush, Cincinnati [etc.]American Book Co.[c1898] url .
- Birds of the world for young people, New York, F.A. Stokes Company url .
- Birds of the world; a popular account. With a chapter on the anatomy of birds, by Frederic A. Lucas; the whole edited by Robert Ridgway. New York, Holt, 1909. url p. 863.
- Birds that hunt and are hunted: life histories of one hundred and seventy birds of prey, game birds and water-fowls, by Neltje Blanchan [pseud.] with introduction by G. O. Shields (Coquina) with many photographic illustrations in color and in black and white. New York: Doubleday, Page & company, 1908,  url p. 166.
- Birds that hunt and are hunted; life histories of one hundred and seventy birds of prey, game birds and water-fowls, Garden City, N. Y., Doubleday, Page, 1912 [c1904] url .
- Birds. By Eugene W. Oates. London: Taylor and Francis; [etc., etc.], 1889-98. url p. 397.
- Birds. London, Taylor and Francis, 1889-1898. url .
- Birds; a miscellaneous collection of 37 pamphlets about birds. Collected and privately bound by Alvin Seale, 1914. v.p., 1910-1913 url p. 48, p. 54, p. 61.
- Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Cie?ncias Naturais. Lisboa, Sociedade Portuguesa de Cie?ncias Naturais, 1908- url p. 184.
- Breviora. 1963 Cambridge, Mass.: Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, [1952- url p. 1.
- Brigham Young University science bulletin. 10 1968 Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University, [1955-1976] url p. 22, p. 45.
- British birds. London, Witherby & Co. url p. 70.
- Bulletin / Peabody Museum of Natural History. 1972 New Haven: Peabody Museum of Natural History, url p. 76, p. 77, fig. 8, p. 84.
- Bulletin / State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut. [Hartford]: The Survey, 1904- url p. 366, p. 47.
- Bulletin / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Biological Survey. Washington: G.P.O., 1904-1907. url p. 52.
- Bulletin / Vermont Bird Club. [Rutland, Vt.]: The Club, 1906-1914 url p. 8.
- Bulletin of the Bird Club of Princeton University. Princeton, N.J.: The Club, 1901. url .
- Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). London: BM(NH) url p. 208.
- Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club. London: The Club, 1893- url , p. 168.
- Bulletin of the Philippine Museum. Manila, Bureau of Public Printing. url p. 13.
- Bulletin of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. [Washington, D.C.?]: Supt. of Docs., G.P.O., 1913-1923. url p. 137.
- California fish and game. [San Francisco, etc.]: State of California, Resources Agency, Dept. of Fish and Game. url p. 201, p. 255, p. 26, p. 88.
- Cassinia. Philadelphia: Delaware Valley Ornithological Club, 1901- url p. 42, p. 51.
- Catalogue of Canadian birds / by John Macoun and James M. Macoun. Ottawa: Canada Dept. of Mines, Geological Survey Branch, 1909. url p. 144.
- Catalogue of Canadian birds, Ottawa, Government Printing Bureau, 1909. url .
- Catalogue of Canadian birds, by John Macoun. .. and James M. Macoun. .. Ottawa, Government printing bureau, 1909. url p. 144.
- Catalogue of Canadian birds. .. Ottawa, Printed by S. E. Dawson, 1900-04. url .
- Catalogue of a collection of birds from British East Africa, by Ned Dearborn. .. 1 1909 Chicago, 1909. url p. 152.
- Catalogue of birds of the Americas and the adjacent islands in Field Museum of Natural History. Charles E. Hellmayr, Boardman Conover. 13 1948 Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, 1948. url p. 210, p. 213.
- Catalogue of scientific papers, 1800-1900. CambridgeUniversity Press1908-14 url p. 144.
- Catalogue of the Collection of Birds' Eggs in the British Museum / By E. W. Oates [and afterwards] by S. G. Reid [and] W. R. Ogilvie-Grant. London, 1901-12. url p. 123.
- Catalogue of the Edward E. Ayer Ornithological Library. .. 16 1926 Chicago, 1926. url p. 359.
- Catalogue of the collection of birds' eggs in the British museum (Natural history). London: Printed by order of the Trustees, 1901-12. url p. 123.
- Check list of the birds of Ontario and catalogue of birds in the biological section of the museum, Department of Education, Toronto [Toronto?: s.n.], 1900 url .
- Check-list and bibliography on the occurrence of insects in birds' nests. Ames, Iowa State College Press url p. 362.
- Check-list of North American birds / prepared by a committee of the American ornithologists' union. Lancaster, Pa.: The Union, 1931. url p. 414, p. 498, p. 506.
- Check-list of North American birds, New York, American ornithologists' union, 1910. url .
- Check-list of North American birds. [Ithaca, N.Y.]1957. url p. 50, p. 671.
- Check-list of North American birds: the species of birds of North America from the Arctic through Panama, including the West Indies and Hawaiian Islands / prepared by the Committee on Classification and Nomenclature of the American Orni Lawrence, Kan.: American Ornithologists' Union, 1983. url p. 53, p. 800.
- Check-list of birds of the world. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1931-1987. url p. 229.
- Check-list of the species of fishes known from the Philippine Archipelago, Manila, Bureau of printing, 1910. url p. 168, p. 728.
- Coastal Sensitivity Overview of the Strait of Malacca. Compiled for International Maritime Organisation (IMO) IMO url , .
- Coastal waterbird colonies, Maine to Virginia, 1977: an atlas showing colony locations and species composition / by R. Michael Erwin and Carl E. Korschgen; project officer, Ralph Andrews; performed for Coastal Ecosystems Project, Office of Biological Services, Fish & Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of the In Washington, D.C.: The Service, 1979. url p. 2.
- Colonial nesting bird survey on the Bureau of Land Management Lewistown district: 1996 / Helena, Mont.: Montana Natural Heritage Program, 1998, c1997. url .
- Color key to North American birds, with bibliographical appendix, by Frank M. Chapman. .. with upwards of 800 drawings, by Chester A. Reed, B.S. New York, D. Appleton & Company, 1912. url p. 264, p. 345.
- Coloured figures of the eggs of British birds: with descriptive notices / by Henry Seebohm; edited (after the author's death) by R. Bowdler Sharpe. Sheffield: Pawson and Brailsford, 1896. url p. 64.
- Contents and index to volume 1 / Charles B. Cory. 1 1917 Chicago: Natural History Museum, 1917. url p. 357.
- Coral Reefs of the World. url p. 299.
- Dioxin hazards to fish, wildlife, and invertebrates a synoptic review / by Ronald Eisler (Patuxent Wildlife Research Center). [Washington, D.C.?]: Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Dept. of Interior,  url p. 13.
- Directory of Wetlands of International Importance. IUCN url p. 104, p. 114, p. 128, p. 202, p. 241, p. 258, p. 260, p. 264, p. 266, p. 268, p. 270, p. 272, p. 285, p. 286, p. 288, p. 324, p. 365, p. 394, p. 395, p. 398, p. 399, p. 449, p. 454, p. 508, p. 51, p. 510, p. 525, p. 533, p. 55, p. 556, p. 558, p. 569, p. 57, p. 575, p. 619, p. 633, p. 638, p. 65, p. 68, p. 74, p. 772.
- Distributional notes on Nepal birds [by] Robert L. Fleming and Melvin A. Traylor. 53 1968 [Chicago]Field Museum of Natural History, 1968. url p. 195.
- Ecologically significant wetlands in the Missouri headwaters: Jefferson, lower Madison, lower Gallatin, and upper Red Rock River watersheds / Helena, Mont.: Montana Natural Heritage Program, c2004. url .
- Ecology of Buzzards Bay: an estuarine profile / by Brian L. Howes and Dale D. Goehringer and Center for Marine Science and Technology, University of Massachusetts; Rebecca J. Howard, project officer. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Biological Service, 1996. url p. 53.
- Ectoparasites of Panama. Rupert L. Wenzel [and] Vernon J. Tipton, editors. Chicago, Field Museum of Natural History, 1966. url p. 250, p. 258, p. 799, p. 847.
- Elkhorn Slough Estuarine Sanctuary: proposed estuarine sanctuary grant award for Elkhorn Slough, Monterey County, California / Washington: U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1979? url .
- Erigenia: journal of the Illinois Native Plant Society. Carbondale, Ill.: The Society, 1982- url p. 126.
- Exposure of marine birds to environmental pollutants / by Harry M. Ohlendorf, Robert W. Risebrough, Kees Vermeer. Washington: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, 1978. url .
- FWS/0BS. [Washington]Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Dept. of the Interior. url , p. 124, p. 131, p. 141, p. 35, p. 4, p. 50, p. 6, p. 63.
- Fauna of New England, 11: list of the aves / by Glover M. Allen. Boston: Society of Natural History, 1909. url p. 58.
- First report of the state zoo?logist: accompanied with Notes on the birds of Minnesota / by P.L. Hatch, Henry F. Nachtrieb, state zoo?logist. Minneapolis: Geological and Natural History Survey of Minnesota: 1892. url p. 478.
- First report: accompanied with Notes on the birds of Minnesota, by P. L. Hatch. 1892. url p. 478, p. 95.
- Fish and Wildlife Habitat Changes Resulting from Construction of a Nine-Foot Channel on Pools 24, 25, and 26 of the Mississippi River and the Lower Illinois River, Ft. BelvoirDefense Technical Information CenterAPR 1979. url p. 437.
- Fish, wildlife and recreational values of Michigan's coastal wetlands / Twin Cities, Minn.: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region III, 1978. url p. 152.
- Geographically isolated wetlands and intermittent/ephemeral streams in Montana: extent, distribution, and function / Helena, Mont.: Montana Natural Heritage Program, c2009. url p. 24.
- Glacier garden, Lucerne. Lucerne: Bucher, 1913. url .
- Gleanings from nature / J. Warren Jacobs. Waynesburg, Pa.: Independent Book & Job Office, 1898- url p. 32.
- Great Basin naturalist memoirs. 1981 [Provo, Utah]Brigham Young University, 1976-1992. url p. 167, p. 219.
- Guide to the birds of the Caucasus. Tiflis, 1907. url p. 136.
- Hand-book to the birds of Great Britain. London, Allen, 1894-97. url p. 80.
- Handbook of birds of eastern North America; with introductory chapters on the study of birds in nature, London, D. Appleton and Company, 1912. url .
- Handbook of birds of the western United States: including the Great Plains, Great Basin, Pacific Slope, and lower Rio Grande Valley / by Florence Merriam Bailey. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1915, c1902. url p. 77.
- History of the birds of Kansas. By N. S. Goss. Illustrating 529 birds. Topeka, Kan., G. W. Crane, 1891. url p. 128, p. 687.
- Hunting and fishing in Florida, including a key to the water birds known to occur in the state / by Charles B. Cory. Boston: Estes and Lauriat, 1896. url p. 171, p. 258, p. 259.
- Hunting and fishing in Florida: including a key to the water birds known to occur in the State / by Charles B. Cory. Boston: Estes & Lauriat, 1896 [c1895] url p. 171, p. 258.
- IUCN Directory of Afrotropical Protected Areas IUCN, UNEP url p. 1026, p. 260, p. 397, p. 524.
- IUCN Directory of Neotropical Protected Areas IUCN url p. 20, p. 299, p. 327, p. 99.
- IUCN Directory of South Asian Protected Areas IUCN url p. 100, p. 106, p. 137, p. 149, p. 289.
- Illinois River Bluffs area assessment / Illinois Department of Natural Resources, Office of Scientific Research and Analysis, [and the] State Geological Survey Division. Springfield, Ill.: Illinois Dept. of Natural Resources, 1998- url p. 25, p. 70.
- Illinois biological monographs. Urbana, Univ. of Illinois Press. url p. 239.
- Illinois birds: Ciconiiformes / Jean W. Graber, Richard R. Graber, Ethelyn L. Kirk. Urbana: State of Illinois, Dept. of Registration and Education, Natural History Survey Division, 1978. url p. 51.
- Insects of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. New York, The Academy. url p. 590.
- International catalogue of scientific literature. LondonPublished for the International Council by the Royal Society of London1901-1920 url p. 94.
- Journal of entomology and zoology. Claremont, Calif., U.S.A.: Pomona College Dept. of Zoology, [1913- url p. 48.
- Journal of the Federated Malay States museums. Kuala Lumpur: F.M.S. Museums, 1906-1929. url p. 11.
- Journal of the Kentucky Academy of Science. Lexington, KY: The Academy, 1998- url p. 127, p. 127, p. 186.
- Journal of the New York Entomological Society. Lawrence, Kan.: Allen Press [etc.] url p. 127.
- Joy of nature: how to observe and appreciate the great outdoors / [editor, Alma E. Guinness]. Pleasantville, N.Y.: Reader's Digest Association, c1977. url p. 331.
- Key to North American birds. Containing a concise account of every species of living and fossil bird at present known from the continent north of the Mexican and United States boundary, inclusive of Greenland and Lower California Boston, Estes and Lauriat, 1894. url .
- Key to the water birds of Florida. Boston, Barta Press1896. url p. 126.
- Labrador, the country and the people, New York, The Macmillan co., 1913. url .
- Labrador: the country and the people / by Wilfred T. Grenfell and others. New York: Macmillan Co., 1909. url p. 472.
- Liberia / by Sir Harry Johnson; with an appendix on the flora of Liberia by Dr. Otto Stapf. London: Hutchinson, 1906. url p. 792.
- Liberia, by Sir Harry Johnston. With an appendix on the flora of Liberia, by Dr. Otto Stapf; 28 coloured illustrations by Sir Harry Johnston, 24 botanical drawings by Miss Matilda Smith, 402 black and white il London, Hutchinson, 1906. url p. 792.
- List of birds found in West Virginia. Charleston, Tribune Printing Co., 1909. url p. 11.
- List of birds found in the vicinity of Bridgeport, Connecticut / Prepared for the Bridgeport Scientific Society by C. K. Averill, Jr., January, 1892. Bridgeport, Conn.: Buckingham & Brewer, Printers, 1892. url p. 6.
- List of birds of Dover / by Albert Pitts Morse. S.l.: s.n., 1897? url p. 4.
- Louisiana herpetology, with a checklist of the batrachians and reptiles of the state and the avifauna of Louisiana, with an annotated list of the birds of the state / by George E. Beyer. New Orleans: [s.n.]1900. url p. 18.
- MAB Information System: Biosphere Reserves, Compilation 4, October 1986: Supplement January 1988 UNESCO, IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre url .
- Mammals of the Mexican boundary of the United States: a descriptive catalogue of the species of mammals occurring in that region; with a general summary of the natural history, and a list of trees / Washington: Govt. Print. Off., 1907. url .
- Manual of the vertebrate animals of the northern U.S.. .. inclusive of the marine species. Chicago, McClurg, 1894, c1876-88. url .
- Marine and estuarine environments, organisms, and geology of the Cape Cod region; an indexed bibliography, 1665-1965 [by] Anne E. Yentsch [and others. Woods Hole, Mass., Systematics Ecology Program, Marine Biological Laboratory[c1966] url p. 168.
- Memo?rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro. url p. 153.
- Memoirs of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 1899- url p. 66.
- Memoirs of the San Diego Society of Natural History. 13 1984 San Diego, Calif.: The Society, 1931-1989. url p. 272.
- Michigan bird life: a list of all the bird species known to occur in the State together with an outline of their classification and an account of the life history of each species, with special reference to its relation t by Walter Bradford Barrows. Lansing: Michigan Agricultural College, 1912. url p. 810.
- Migration of birds. by Frederick C. Linclon; revised by Steven R. Peterson; associate editor Peter A. Anastasi; illustrated by Bob Hines. Washington: Dept. of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service: for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1979. url p. 116.
- Miscellaneous publication - University of Kansas, Museum of Natural History. 1960 Lawrence: University of Kansas, 1946-1996. url p. 1, p. 10, p. 10.
- Monitore zoologico italiano. [Siena]: Instituto anatomico della R. Università di Siena, [1890-1988] url p. 245.
- Museum bulletin / Albany, N.Y.: University of the State of New York, 1908-1916. url p. 106, p. 125, p. 126.
- Museum paper / Alabama Museum of Natural History. University, Ala.: Alabama Museum of Natural History, 1910-1960. url p. 141, p. 27.
- Museum paper. University, Ala. [etc.]1910- url p. 141, p. 27.
- NOAA technical report NMFS SSRF. Seattle, Wash.: National Marine Fisheries Service; url p. 16.
- Natural history of Hawaii, being an account of the Hawaiian people, the geology and geography of the islands, and the native and introduced plants and animals of the group, by William Alanson Bryan. Illustrated with one hundred and seventeen full page plates from four hundred and forty-one photographs elucidating the ethnology of the native people, the geology and topogr Honolulu, Hawaii[Printed for the author by] the Hawaiian gazette co., ltd., l9l5. url p. 311.
- Nature Reserves of the Himalaya and the Mountains of Central Asia IUCN url p. 211, p. 467.
- Nests and eggs of North American birds, Philadelphia, D. McKay[c1900] url .
- New York State Museum bulletin. Albany, N.Y.: University of the State of New York, 1916-1944. url p. 84.
- North American birds eggs, New York, Doubleday, Page & company, 1904. url .
- North American birds eggs, by Chester A. Reed...illustrating the eggs of nearly every species of North American birds. New York, Doubleday, Page & company, 1904. url p. 346.
- North American birds eggs. New York: Dover Pub, . url p. 98.
- North American fauna. Washington: Fish and Wildlife Service; for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U. S. Govt. Print. Off. url p. 132, p. 150, p. 20, p. 24, p. 26, p. 32, p. 390, p. 396, p. 396, p. 58, p. 58, p. 88, p. 90.
- North American pseudophyllidean cestodes from fishes. [UrbanaUniversity of Illinois][c1919] url p. 265.
- Notes on Indiana heronries. By A.W. Butler. Indianapolis, W.B. Burford,  url p. 201.
- Occasional papers of Bernice P. Bishop Museum. Honolulu, Bishop Museum Press, 1898-1984. url , p. 131, p. 131, p. 140, p. 140, p. 18, p. 18, p. 19, p. 247, p. 55.
- Occasional papers of the Museum of Natural History, the University of Kansas. 1994 Lawrence, Kan.: The University, 1971-1994. url p. 7.
- Occasional papers. Honolulu, Bishop Museum Press. url p. 131, p. 339, p. 339, p. 339, p. 339, p. 39, p. 55.
- Oceanic birds of South America: a study of species of the related coasts and seas, including the American quadrant of Antarctica, based upon the Brewster-Sanford collection in the American Museum of Natural History / by Robert Cushman Murphy; illustrated from paintings by Francis L. Jaques; photographs, maps, and other drawings. New York: Macmillan Co.: c1936. url p. 1230.
- Ornithological gazetteer of Argentina / Raymond A. Paynter. 1995 Cambridge, Mass.: Obtainable from Bird Dept., Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 1995. url p. 986.
- Ornithological gazetteer of Brazil / Raymond A. Paynter, Jr. and Melvin A. Traylor, Jr. Cambridge, Mass.: Obtainable from Bird Dept., Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 1991. url p. 701.
- Ornithology of North Carolina: A list of the birds of North Carolina, with notes of each species / [by John Washington Pearce Smithwick]. [Raleigh], 1897. url p. 205.
- Our birds in their haunts: a popular treatise on the birds of eastern North America. New York: Orange Judd Co., 1892. url p. 624.
- Our living resources: a report to the nation on the distribution, abundance, and health of U.S. plants, animals, and ecosystems / [edited by], Edward T. LaRoe. .. [et al.]. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Biological Service, 1995. url p. 511, p. 512, p. 55.
- P.D. Skaar's Montana bird distribution / revised by the Montana Bird Distribution Committee. [Helena, MT]:Montana Natural Heritage Program, 1996 url p. 18.
- Pacific coast avifauna / Cooper Ornithnological Club of California. Santa Clara, Calif.: The Club, 1900-1974. url p. 23, p. 23, p. 45.
- Pesticides monitoring journal. [Washington, D.C.: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., 1967-1981. url p. 7.
- Plant species of special concern and plant associations of Sheridan County, Montana / Helena, Mont.: Montana Natural Heritage Program, 2000. url .
- Polychlorinated biphenyl hazards to fish, wildlife, and invertebrates: a synoptic review / by Ronald Eisler (Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service). Laurel, MD: The Service, 1986. url p. 19, p. 32.
- Popular official guide to the New York Zoological Park, New YorkNew York Zoological Society, 1911. url .
- Postilla. 1950 New Haven, Conn.: Peabody Museum of Natural History, [1950?]-c2004. url p. 2.
- Potential wildlife-highway interactions at select mile-markers along Montana Department of Transportation routes an ArcView GIS analysis / Bozeman, Mont.: Fish and Wildlife Management Program, Montana State University, 2001 url , , .
- Proceedings - California Academy of Sciences, 4th series. San Francisco, California Academy of Sciences. url p. 463, p. 69.
- Proceedings and transactions of the British Entomological and Natural History Society. London, British Entomological and Natural History Society. url p. 126.
- Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 4th series. San Francisco, California Academy of Sciences. url p. 276, p. 463, p. 511, p. 58, p. 69, p. 785.
- Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science. Indianapolis, Ind.[s.n.] url p. 150, p. 150, p. 183, p. 183.
- Proceedings of the Nebraska Ornithologists' Union. Lincoln, [1900-15] url p. 20, p. 22, p. 29.
- Proceedings of the New England Zoo?logical Club. [Cambridge, Mass.]: The Club, 1899- url p. 110, p. 110, p. 95, p. 95.
- Proposed estuarine sanctuary grant award to the state of New York for a Hudson River estuarine sanctuary. Albany, N.Y.: New York, Dept. of Environmental Conservation,  url p. 120, p. 55.
- Protected Landscapes: experience around the world. Prepared for the International Symposium on Protected Landscapes, Grange-over-Sands, England 5-10 October 1987 IUCN url p. 101, p. 177, p. 90.
- Publication. Field Museum of Natural History. Chicago, U.S.A.: The Museum, 1910-1943. url , , p. 80.
- Publications in zoology = Publications en zoologie. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, National Museum of Natural Sciences, 1970-1982. url p. 13, p. 29, p. 31.
- Report of the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution and financial report of the Executive Committee of the Board of Regents for the year ending June 30. .. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1933-1965. url p. 114, p. 145, p. 148, p. 149, p. 164.
- Report of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries for the fiscal year. .. with appendixes Washington: G.P.O., 1914- url p. 24.
- Report of the state zoölogist. Minneapolis, 1892-1895. url p. 459, p. 95.
- Report on the birds of Pennsylvania. With special reference to the food-habits, based on over four thousand stomach examinations. Harrisburg, E. K. Meyers, state printer, 1890. url , p. 88.
- Report on the progress and condition of the U.S. National Museum for the year ending June 30. .. / Smithsonian Institution, United States National Museum. Washington: G.P.O., 1907-1951. url p. 92.
- Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896-1899. J. B. Hatcher in charge. Edited by William B. Scott. Princeton, The University, 1901-32 [v. 1, 1903] url p. 387, p. 387, p. 390, p. 390, p. 391, p. 391.
- Results of the Swedish zoological expedition to Egypt and the White Nile, 1901, under the direction of L.A. Jägerskiöld. [Uppsala]Library of the Royal University of Uppsala[1904-11] url p. 11, p. 13, p. 8.
- Sand dunes and salt marshes / by Charles Wendell Townsend. Boston: L.C. Page & company, c1925. url p. 306.
- Sex and internal secretions. Contributors: A. Albert [and others] Foreword by George W. Corner. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1961. url p. 1359, p. 1569.
- Sketch-book of British birds / by R. Bowdler Sharpe; with coloured illustrations by A.F. and C. Lydon. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1898. url .
- Sketches of South African bird-life, Cape Town, T. M. Miller, 1914. url .
- Smithsonian year. 1965 Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1965-1976. url p. 175.
- Some Chinese vertebrates. .. With six plates. Cambridge, U.S.A., Printed for the Museum, 1912. url p. 150.
- Special papers / Ohio Academy of Sciences. Columbus, Ohio: The Academy, 1899-1929. url p. 238, p. 56.
- Special scientific report--wildlife / U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. Washington, D.C.: The Service, 1949- url p. 1, p. 149, p. 151, p. 196, p. 199, p. 2, p. 214, p. 218, p. 274, p. 313, p. 326, p. 328, p. 329, p. 331, p. 336, p. 340, p. 346, p. 357, p. 367, p. 559, p. 587, p. 591, p. 6, p. 649, p. 666, p. 667, p. 682, p. 89, p. 96.
- Studies in bird migration, by William Eagle Clarke. .. with maps, weather charts, and other illustrations. .. London, Gurney and Jackson; [etc., etc.]1912. url p. 41.
- Studies on the avian species of the cestode family Hymenolepididae, Urbana, Ill., c1925 url p. 42.
- Supplement to the 'Birds of New Zealand' / II 1905 London: The author, 1905. url p. 134.
- Supplement to the birds of Essex County, Massachusetts / Cambridge, Mass.: The Club, 1920. url .
- Teachers' manual of bird-life: a guide to the study of our common birds / by Frank M. Chapman. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1899. url p. 192.
- The American Museum journal. New York: American Museum of Natural History, c1900- url p. 15.
- The American oologists' exchange price list of North American birds' eggs, 1922 / compiled by a committee of twenty-five prominent American oologists. Lacon, Ill.: R. Magoon Barnes, 1922. url p. 50.
- The Bahama Islands / edited by George Burbank Shattuck. New York: Macmillan, 1905. url , p. 359.
- The Bahama Islands, London, The Macmillan company, 1905. url p. 359, p. 359, p. 620.
- The Biological bulletin. Woods Hole, Mass.: Marine Biological Laboratory, url , p. 158, p. 160, p. 532.
- The British bird book: an account of all the birds, nests and eggs found in the British Isles / ed. by F.B. Kirkman. Illustrated by two hundred drawings and numerous photographs. London: T.C. & E.C. Jack, 1910-13. url p. 334, p. 549.
- The Bulletin of the Massachusetts Audubon Society. Boston, Massachusetts Audubon Society. url p. 5.
- The Canadian bird book: illustrating in natural colors more than seven hundred north American birds, also several hundred photographs of their nests and eggs / by Chester A. Reed. Toronto: Musson Book Co., c1914. url p. 462.
- The Canadian field-naturalist. Ottawa, Ottawa Field-Naturalists' Club. url , lloyd , stirrett & arnott , , p. 12, p. 125, p. 125, p. 139, p. 144, p. 149, p. 15, p. 162, p. 177, p. 187, p. 201, p. 205, p. 21, p. 214, p. 215, p. 219, p. 22, p. 229, p. 24, p. 255, p. 273, p. 277, p. 277, p. 291, p. 3, p. 308, p. 31, p. 312, p. 359, p. 365, p. 398, p. 433, p. 433, p. 433, p. 463, p. 465, p. 469, p. 500, p. 509, p. 532, p. 534, p. 54, p. 578, p. 629, p. 633, p. 635, p. 71, p. 733, p. 754, p. 9.
- The Great Basin naturalist. Provo, Utah: M.L. Bean Life Science Museum, Brigham Young University, 1939-1999. url p. 129, fig. 3, page 3, p. 313, p. 332, p. 478, p. 519, p. 729.
- The Journal of the Maine Ornithological Society. Bangor: Maine Ornithological Society, 1899-1911. url p. 96.
- The Journal of the Natural History Society of Siam. [Bangkok, Thailand]: The Society, url p. 214, p. 42.
- The Marine Mammal Commission compendium of selected treaties, international agreements, and other relevant documents on marine resources, wildlife, and the environment / compiled by Richard L. Wallace. Washington, D.C.: The Commission; 1994 url p. 510, p. 688.
- The Museum. Albion, N.Y.: W.F. Webb, [1894-1900] url p. 313.
- The Nidiologist. Alameda, Calif.: Henry Reed Taylor, [1893-1895] url .
- The Osprey. Galesburg, Ill.: The Osprey Co., 1897-1902. url p. 6.
- The Pleistocene avifauna of the Talara tar seeps, northwestern Peru. 1973. url , .
- The Proceedings and transactions of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science. Halifax, Nova Scotian Institute of Science. url p. 575.
- The University of Colorado studies. Boulder, University of Colorado. url p. 134, p. 227, p. 234.
- The University of Kansas science bulletin. 50 1974 [Lawrence]: University of Kansas, 1902-1996. url p. 363.
- The Warbler. Floral Park: Mayflower Pub. Co., [1903-1913] url p. 74.
- The Wilson bulletin. Columbus, OH: Wilson Ornithological Society url , p. 120, p. 204, p. 208, p. 212, p. 282, p. 34, p. 35, p. 6, p. 6.
- The avifauna of Louisiana, with an annotated list of the birds of the State [by] Geo. E. Beyer. New Orleans, La., 1900. url p. 18.
- The biology of senescence. New York, Rinehart, 1956. url , p. 27, p. 44.
- The birds of Africa, comprising all the species which occur in the Ethiopian region, by G.E. Shelley. .. London, Published for the author by R.H. Porter (18 Princes Street, Cavendish Square, W.), 1896-1912. url p. 158.
- The birds of Britain: their distribution and habits / Cambridge [England]: Cambridge University Press, 1916. url .
- The birds of British Guiana: based on the collection of Frederick Vavasour McConnell. .. / London: Bernard Quaritch. .., 1916-1921. url p. 170.
- The birds of Celebes and the neighbouring islands / A.B. Meyer and L.W. Wiglesworth. Berlin: R. Friedländer, 1898. url p. 845.
- The birds of Chile, by Charles E. Hellmayr. 19 1932 Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, 1932. url p. 306.
- The birds of Colorado / Fort Collins, Colo.: State Agricultural College, Agricultural Experiment Station, 1897. url , .
- The birds of Connecticut, Hartford, Printed for the State Geological and Natural History Survey, 1913. url , .
- The birds of Connecticut, by John Hall Sage and Louis Bennett Bishop, assisted by Walter Parks Bliss. Hartford: Printed for the State Geological and Natural History Survey, 1913. url p. 191, p. 47.
- The birds of Essex County, Massachusetts. By Charles Wendell Townsend, M.D. Cambridge, Mass.: The Club, 1905. url p. 344.
- The birds of Illinois and Wisconsin / by Charles B. Cory. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, 1909. url p. 725.
- The birds of Indiana. A descriptive catalogue of the birds that have been observed within the state, with an account of their habits. Indianapolis, Indiana Dept. of Geology and Natural Resources, 1898 url p. 666.
- The birds of Indiana: a descriptive catalog of the birds that have been observed within the state, with an account of their habits / by Amos W. Butler. Indianapolis: W. B. Burford, Contractor for State Printing, 1898 url p. 666.
- The birds of Iowa / by Rudolph M. Anderson. Davenport, Iowa: Davenport Academy of Sciences, 1907. url p. 199, p. 413.
- The birds of Massachusetts, Cambridge, Mass., 1901. url .
- The birds of Massachusetts, by Reginald Heber Howe and Glover Morrill Allen. Cambridge, Mass., 1901. url p. 149, p. 46.
- The birds of Ohio; a complete scientific and popular description of the 320 species of birds found in the state, Columbus, The Wheaton Publishing Co., 1903, [c1902] url .
- The birds of Ohio; a revised catalogue, [Columbus?]Academy of Science, 1903. url .
- The birds of Ontario; being a concise account of every species of bird known to have been found in Ontario with a description of their nests and eggs and instructions for collecting birds and preparing and preserving skins By Thomas McIlwraith. London, T. F. Unwin, 1894. url p. 115.
- The birds of Rhode Island / by Reginald Heber Howe, and Edward Sturtevant. [S.l.: s.n.], 1899. url p. 105.
- The birds of South Africa, London, R. H. Porter, 1900-1906. url .
- The birds of South Africa, by Arthur C. Stark. .. London: R. H. Porter, 1900-1906. url p. 83.
- The birds of Springfield and vicinity / Springfield, Mass.: Henry R. Johnson, l901. url .
- The birds of Tunisia; being a history of the birds found in the regency of Tunis. By J. I. S. Whitaker. London, R.H. Porter, 1905. url p. 174.
- The birds of Virginia, Lynchburg, Va., J. P. Bell Company, Inc., 1913. url .
- The birds of Washington; a complete, scientific and popular account of the 372 species of birds found in the state, by William Leon Dawson, assisted by John Hooper Bowles. Illustrated by more than 300 original half-tones of birds in life, nests, eggs, and favorite haunts, from photographs by the author and others, Seattle: The Occidental Pub. Co., 1909. url p. 963.
- The birds of Wyoming. [Laramie, Wyoming Experiment Station]1902. url .
- The birds of eastern North America known to occur east of the nineteenth meridian. .. By Charles B. Cory. Boston, Bay State Pub. Co., 1900, c1899. url p. 341.
- The birds of eastern North America: known to occur east of the ninetieth meridian / by Charles B. Cory. Chicago: Field Columbian Museum, 1899. url p. 341.
- The birds of our country. London, Digby, Long & Co., 1898. url p. 265, p. 393.
- The birds of our country. With illus. by A. Thorburn, J. Giacomelli, G.E. Lodge, K. Keyl, and R. Kretschmer. London, Digby, Long, 1897. url p. 265, p. 393.
- The birds of southeastern Madagascar / Steven M. Goodman. .. [et al.]. 87 1997 [Chicago, Ill.]: Field Museum of Natural History, c1997. url table 8 , p. 131, p. 24, p. 25, p. 96.
- The birds of the Cambridge region of Massachusetts. Cambridge, Mass., The Club, 1906. url , , .
- The birds of the Chicago area / [Chicago, Jennings and Graham], 1907. url , .
- The birds of the Chicago area, by Frank Morley Woodruff. .. [Chicago, Printed by Jennings and Graham]1907. url p. 210.
- The birds of the Japanese Empire. London, R. H. Porter, 1890. url , , , p. 222, p. 25.
- The birds of the Lake St. Martin region, Manitoba / [Toronto: Royal Ontario Museum of Zoology], 1937. url p. 9.
- The birds of the Leeward islands, Caribbean sea, by Charles B. Cory. .. 1 1909 Chicago, 1909. url p. 236.
- The birds of the Santa Marta region of Colombia: a study in altitudinal distribution. Pittsburgh, Carnegie Institute, 1922 url .
- The condor. Santa Clara, Calif.: Cooper Ornithological Club, [1900- url p. 248.
- The distribution of bird-life in Colombia; a contribution to a biological survey of South America, New York, Pub. by order of the trustees, 1917. url , , , , , .
- The ecology of delta marshes of coastal Louisiana: a community profile / by James G. Gosselink. Washington, DC: National Coastal Ecosystems Team, Division of Biological Services, Research Development, Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Dept. of the Interior: 1984. url p. 131, p. 71.
- The effect of altered streamflow on migratory birds of the Yellowstone River Basin, Montana / by Tom Hinz. Helena: Water Resources Division, Montana Dept. of Natural Resources & Conservation, 1977. url p. 102.
- The faunal connections between Europe and North America. New York, Wiley url p. 23.
- The fundus oculi of birds, especially as viewed by the ophthalmoscope; a study in the comparative anatomy and physiology, by Casey Albert Wood. Illustrated by 145 drawings in the text; also by sixty-one colored paintings prepared for this work by Arthur W. Head. .. Chicago, The Lakeside Press, 1917. url , , p. 115, p. 38, p. 41, p. 44, p. 55, p. 81.
- The journal of the Natural History Society of Siam. [London: Luzac, 1914]-1924. url p. 214.
- The natural history of the USSR / Algirdas Knystautas; foreword by Vladimir Flint; [translation, John S. Scott]. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1987. url p. 203.
- The non-passerine Pleistocene avifauna of the Talara Tar Seeps, northwestern Peru / Toronto: Royal Ontario Museum, 1979. url p. 26, p. 27.
- The ornithology of Illinois / [by Robert Ridgway and S.A. Forbes]. Springfield, Ill., H.W. Rokker, printer, 1889-1895. url p. 117.
- The sport of bird-study / by Herbert Keightley Job; profusely illustrated with photographs from life by the author. New York: Macmillan, 1922, c1908. url p. 294.
- The standard catalogue of North American birds eggs. Albion, N.Y., F.H. Lattin, 1892. url p. 14.
- The vertebrate fauna of Cheshire and Liverpool Bay / London: Witherby, 1910. url p. 306, p. 468.
- Transactions of the Canadian Institute. Toronto: Canadian Institute. url p. 348, p. 66, p. 77.
- Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Topeka, Kan.: W.Y. Morgan, 1903- url p. 167.
- Transactions of the Kentucky Academy of Science. [Lexington, Ky.]Kentucky Academy of Science, 1923-1997. url p. 137, p. 154, p. 168, p. 85, p. 96.
- Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History. 3 1919 [San Diego]: The Society, 1905-1989. url p. 9.
- Transactions of the Sapporo Natural History Society. Sapporo, Japan, Sapporo Natural History Society, Hokkaido Imperial University. url .
- Travels and traditions of waterfowl. Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press url p. 285.
- Tudor wharf, Charlestown, ma, draft project impact report. 1989. url .
- Tulane studies in zoology and botany. 21 1979 New Orleans: Tulane University, [1968- url .
- Tulane studies in zoology. 8 1960 New Orleans: Tulane University, 1953-1968. url p. 33.
- Two bird-lovers in Mexico, by C. William Beebe. Illustrated with photographs from life taken by the author. Boston, Houghton, Mifflin, 1905. url p. 384.
- University of California publications in zoology. Berkeley: University Press, 1906- url p. 322, p. 5, p. 524.
- University of Kansas publications, Museum of Natural History. 11 1958 Lawrence, University of Kansas. url p. 172, p. 312, p. 319, p. 580, p. 617, p. 659, p. 664, p. 684, p. 686, p. 87.
- Useful birds and their protection. Containing brief descriptions of the more common and useful species of Massachusetts, with accounts of their food habits, and a chapter on the means of attracting and protecting birds. Illustrated by the author, C. Allan Lyford, Chester A. Reed, and others. [Boston, Printed by Wright & Potter]1913. url p. 446.
- Useful birds and their protection: containing brief descriptions of the more common and useful species of Massachusetts, with accounts of their food habits, and a chapter on the means of attracting and protecting birds / by Edward Howe Forbush; illustrated by the author, C. Allan Lyford, Chester A. Reed, and others. Boston: Published under direction of the Massachusetts State Board of Agriculture, by authority of the Legislature, . url p. 351, p. 432.
- Visitors' guide to the local collection of birds in the American Museum of Natural History, New York City: with an annotated list of the birds known to occur within fifty miles of New York City / by Frank M. Chapman. New York: Printed for the Museum, 1894. url p. 28, p. 97.
- Wissenschaftliche ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Africa-Expedition, 1907-1908: unter Führung Adolf Friedrichs, herzogs zu Mecklenburg. Leipzig: Klinkhardt & Biermann, 1910- url p. 252.
- Woodland paths, by Winthrop Packard; illustrated by Charles Copeland. Boston, Small, Maynard and Company[c1910] url p. 251, p. 287.
- Year book - Carnegie Institution of Washington. Washington, Carnegie Institution of Washington url p. 210.
- Zoe:a biological journal. 3 1892 San Diego, Calif. [etc.]Zoe Publishing Co. url p. 139, p. 139.
- Zoological series / Geological and Natural History Survey of Minnesota. Minneapolis: Geological and Natural History Survey, 1892-1912. url p. 459, p. 478, p. 95.
- BirdLife International 2009. Nycticorax nycticorax. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloadedon 02February2012.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 9, 2012.
- IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. . Downloaded on January 28, 2012.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal December 06, 2007:
- Avian Knowledge Network, eBird
- Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Bishop Museum Natural History Specimen Data
- Biologiezentrum der Oberoesterreichischen Landesmuseen, Biologiezentrum Linz
- Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility, Ontario Nest Records
- Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility, Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada. Birds
- Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility, Royal British Columbia Museum
- New Brunswick Museum, NBM birds
- Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Santa Barbara Musem of Natural History
- Senckenberg, Collection Aves
- Senckenberg, Collection Aves
- The Danish Biodiversity Information Facility, Western Palearctic migrants in continental Africa
- The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx River Bioblitz
- UNIBIO, IBUNAM, CNAV/Coleccion Nacional de Aves
- University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
- , Bird specimens
- Upper Silesian Museum, Bytom, Upper Silesian Museum, Bird Observations
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 8851
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-174832
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 2481187
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 174832
- IUCN ID: 227354
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: ABNGA11010
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 178009
- Mean = 127.110 meters (417.028 feet), Standard Deviation = 625.070 based on 4,158 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
- BirdLife International 2009. Nycticorax nycticorax. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 02 February 2012. [back]