Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Afrikaans:
Grootbek baars, Grootbek-Baars
Common Names in Cantonese:
Tam suy lo ue
Common Names in Catalan, Valencian:
Common Names in Chinese:
Tam suy lo ue, 大口黑鱸
Common Names in Czech:
Okounek Pstruhov, Okounek Pstruhový, Okounek pstruhový, Ostracka
Common Names in Danish:
ørredaborre, Stormundet , Stormundet black bass, Stormundet ørredaborre, Stormundet Ørrredaborre, Stormundetørredaborre, ÿrredaborre, Ørredaborre
Common Names in Dutch:
Forelbaars, Forellenbaars, Zwarte baars
Common Names in English:
American black bass, Bass, bayou bass, bigmouth bass, Black bass, Black-bass, Fekete Sügér, Florida Black Bass, Green bass, green trout, lake bass, large mouth bass, Large-mouth bass, Largemouth, largemouth bass, Largemouth black bass, line side, Northern largemouth bass, slough bass
Common Names in Farsi:
Bas Dehanbozorg, Khorshid Mahi Baleh Kuchak
Common Names in Finnish:
Common Names in French:
Achigan, achigan à grande bouche, Achiganà Grande Bouche, Black bass, black bass à grande bouche, Black-bass, Black-bass à grande bouche, Black-Bassà Grande Bouche, Perche D'am, Perche D'amérique, Perche d'Amérique, Perche noire, Perche Truit, Perche Truitée, Perche truite, Perche truitée
Common Names in German:
Amerikanischer schwarzbarsch, Barschforelle, Forellenbarsch, Gro, großmäuliger Schwarzbarsch, Kleinmauliger schwarzbarsch
Common Names in Hungarian:
Fekete sügér, Pisztrángsügér
Common Names in Hungarian (Magyar):
Fekete S, Fekete sügér
Common Names in Italian:
Common Names in Japanese:
Buraku basu, Okuchibasu, Ookuchi basu, Ookuchi-Basu, オオクチバス, オオクチバス（ブラックバス）, フロリダバス
Common Names in Korean:
Common Names in Lithuanian:
Didžiažiotis upėtakinis ešerys
Common Names in Mandarin Chinese:
似鮭赫羅魚, 似鲑赫罗鱼, 大口黑鱸(引進), 大口黑鲈(引进)
Common Names in Norwegian:
Common Names in Persian:
Bas Dehanbozorg, Khorshid Mahi Baleh Kuchak
Common Names in Persian (Farsi):
Bas Dehanbozorg, Khorshid Mahi Baleh Kuchak
Common Names in Polish:
Bass wielkgebowy, Bass wielkogebowy
Common Names in Portuguese:
Achig, Achigã, Achigã, Achiq, Achiqã, Black bass, Boca grande
Common Names in Romanian:
Biban cu gura mare
Common Names in Rumanian:
Biban cu gura mare
Common Names in Russian:
Bol´sherotyi Chernyi Okun´, Bol'sherotyi chernyi okun', Bolsherotnyi amerikanskii tscherny okun, большеро , большеротый американский окунь, Большеротый окунь, окунь бол, окунь большеротый, Форелеок
Common Names in Serbian:
Common Names in Slovak:
Ostracka, Ostracka Lososovit, Ostracka Lososovitá, Ostracka lososovitá
Common Names in Spanish:
Black-bass, Huro, Lobina, Lobina negra, Perca americana, Perca atruchada
Common Names in Spanish, Castilian:
Black bass, Huro, Lobina, Lobina negra, Perca americana, Perca atruchada
Common Names in Swedish:
öringabborre, öringsaborre, Öringabborre, Öringsaborre
Common Names in Thai:
Common Names in Venda:
Species Micropterus salmoides
and snout: Mouth terminal and slightly oblique
of small teeth on the jaws
. No barbels
. Body patterning, color,
: Back greenish brown, sides lighter, belly cream or white.
Sides with a thick, diffuse
, irregular (zig-zag
) dark lateral stripe
without distinctive markings. 60-68 ctenoid lateral
and size: Body fusiform
, somewhat laterally compressed
and moderately deep; oval
. Typically 300-475 mm
(12-19 in) TL
; maximum in Wisconsin about 625 mm (25 in).
Fins: Tail, dorsal and other fins: Slightly forked or round tail. Dorsal fin with 2 lobes , slightly joined by a membrane , the first usually with 10 spines and the second with 12-14 rays. Pelvic fins thoracic . Adipose fin absent. Anal fin with 3 spines and 10-12 (usually 11) rays.
Breeding adults : Similar to non-breeders; may be darker and more conspicuously marked .
Juveniles : Similar to adults, but lateral stripe more prominent .
May live as long as 23 years in the wild, 7 years in captivity.
Inhabits clear, vegetated lakes , ponds , swamps . Also in backwaters and pools of creeks and rivers . Prefers quiet, clear water and over-grown banks. Largemouth bass are highly adaptable fish, able to thrive in virtually every warm-water habitat , from small creeks to large rivers to huge reservoirs . About the only thing that limits them is cold annual water temperatures (
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 5,478 meters (0 to 17,972 feet).
Ecology: Introduced bass usually affect populations of small native fishes through predation , sometimes resulting in the decline or extinction of such species (Minckley 1973, in Fuller, 1999). Studies have shown that largemouth bass are capable of displacing native species , even predatory species such as northern pike .(USGS-CERC, 2004)
Adults feed on fishes , crayfish and frogs ; young feed on crustaceans, insects and small fishes. Sometimes cannibalistic. Does not feed during spawning; as well as when the water temperature is below 5¦C and above 37¦C.
"The male which becomes aggressive and territorial
on muddy bottoms
of shallow water. A female may spawn
males on different nests. The male guards and fans the eggs
"Spawning takes place spring to summer or when temperature reaches 15°C. Adults mate between the age of 5-12 years" (Fishbase, 2003).
Preyed upon by herons, bitterns, and kingfishers.
- Chatton, 1925
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Grobben, 1908
- Bateson, 1885
- Cuvier, 1812
- Jawed Vertebrates
- Zittel, 1879
- Jawed Vertebrates
- Woodward, 1891
- Regan, 1923
- Müller, 1845
- de Pinna, 1996
- (Greenwood et al., 1966)
- Rosen & Patterson, 1969
- Order: Perciformes () - C.S. Rafinesque Schmaltz, 1810, incertae sedis
- Superorder: Acanthopterygii () - Rosen & Patterson, 1969
- Cohort: Euteleosteomorpha () - (Greenwood et al., 1966)
- Supercohort: Teleocephala () - de Pinna, 1996
- Infraclass: Teleostei () - Müller, 1845
- Subclass: Neopterygii () - Regan, 1923
- Class: Osteichthyes () - Woodward, 1891
- Superclass: Gnathostomata () - Zittel, 1879 - Jawed Vertebrates
- Infraphylum: Gnathostomata () - auct. - Jawed Vertebrates
- Subphylum: Vertebrata () - Cuvier, 1812 - Vertebrates
- Phylum: Chordata () - Bateson, 1885 - Chordates
- Superphylum: Deuterostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Infrakingdom: Chordonia () - (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Deuterostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - Animals
Aplites salmoides (Lacepède • Grystes megastoma Garlick • Grystes nigricans (Cuvier • Grystes salmoides (Lacepède • Huro nigricans Cuvier • Huro salmoides (Lacepède • Labrus salmoides • Labrus salmoides Lacepède • Labrus salmoides Lacépède, 1802 • Micropterus salmoides • Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède, 1802) • Perca nigricans (Cuvier
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: Data last modified by FishBase 14-Feb-1994
Fish Name Lateral Scales Dorsal Fin Origin Color and Pigment Pattern Similarity Index Comments Largemouth Bass Extends to or beyond back of eye Thick, diffuse, irregular (zig-zag) lateral stripe; faint in large adults, pronounced in juveniles; tail of young of year not distincly pigmented 60-68 Slightly connected, shortest spine less than half the length of the longest N/A Smallmouth Bass Extends to middle or back of eye but not beyond Solid color, dark mottling, or 9-16 diffuse vertical bars in adults; distinct vertical bars with tail yellow-orange with dark margin in young of year 69-80 Moderately connected, shortest spine more than half the length of the longest Moderately similar
Members of the genus Micropterus
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 16 species and subspecies in this genus:
M. cataractae (Flint River Smallmouth Bass) · M. coosae (Flint River Smallmouth) · M. dolomieu (Streaked-Cheek River Bass) · M. dolomieui (Streaked-Cheek River Bass) · M. dolomieui dolomieui (Streaked-Cheek River Bass) · M. dolomieu dolomieu (Streaked-Cheek River Bass) · M. dolomieu velox (Black Bass) · M. notius (Suwannee Bass) · M. punctulatus (Northern Spotted Bass) · M. punctulatus puctulatus (Spotted Bass) · M. punctulatus punctulatus (Spotted Bass) · M. salmoides (Northern Largemouth Bass) · M. salmoides dolomieui (American Black Bass) · M. salmoides pseudaplites (American Black Bass) · M. treculi (Guadalupe Bass) · M. treculii (Guadalupe Spotted Bass)
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- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 131992
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Fis-24784
- Fishbase Species ID: 3385
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 4490920
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 168160
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: AFCQB12050
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 14922
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