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Micropterus salmoides

(Fekete Sügér)

Overview

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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Afrikaans:

Grootbek baars, Grootbek-Baars

Common Names in Cantonese:

Tam suy lo ue

Common Names in Catalan, Valencian:

Perca americana

Common Names in Chinese:

Tam suy lo ue, 大口黑鱸

Common Names in Czech:

Okounek Pstruhov, Okounek Pstruhový, Okounek pstruhový, Ostracka

Common Names in Danish:

ørredaborre, Stormundet , Stormundet black bass, Stormundet ørredaborre, Stormundet Ørrredaborre, Stormundetørredaborre, ÿrredaborre, Ørredaborre

Common Names in Dutch:

Forelbaars, Forellenbaars, Zwarte baars

Common Names in English:

American black bass, Bass, bayou bass, bigmouth bass, Black bass, Black-bass, Fekete Sügér, Florida Black Bass, Green bass, green trout, lake bass, large mouth bass, Large-mouth bass, Largemouth, largemouth bass, Largemouth black bass, line side, Northern largemouth bass, slough bass

Common Names in Farsi:

Bas Dehanbozorg, Khorshid Mahi Baleh Kuchak

Common Names in Finnish:

Isobassi

Common Names in French:

Achigan, achigan à grande bouche, Achiganà Grande Bouche, Black bass, black bass à grande bouche, Black-bass, Black-bass à grande bouche, Black-Bassà Grande Bouche, Perche D'am, Perche D'amérique, Perche d'Amérique, Perche noire, Perche Truit, Perche Truitée, Perche truite, Perche truitée

Common Names in German:

Amerikanischer schwarzbarsch, Barschforelle, Forellenbarsch, Gro, großmäuliger Schwarzbarsch, Kleinmauliger schwarzbarsch

Common Names in Hungarian:

Fekete sügér, Pisztrángsügér

Common Names in Hungarian (Magyar):

Fekete S, Fekete sügér

Common Names in Italian:

Persico trota

Common Names in Japanese:

Buraku basu, Okuchibasu, Ookuchi basu, Ookuchi-Basu, オオクチバス, オオクチバス(ブラックバス), フロリダバス

Common Names in Korean:

베스, 큰입우럭

Common Names in Lithuanian:

Didžiažiotis upėtakinis ešerys

Common Names in Mandarin Chinese:

似鮭赫羅魚, 似鲑赫罗鱼, 大口黑鱸(引進), 大口黑鲈(引进)

Common Names in Norwegian:

Lakseabbor

Common Names in Persian:

Bas Dehanbozorg, Khorshid Mahi Baleh Kuchak

Common Names in Persian (Farsi):

Bas Dehanbozorg, Khorshid Mahi Baleh Kuchak

Common Names in Polish:

Bass wielkgebowy, Bass wielkogebowy

Common Names in Portuguese:

Achig, Achigã, Achigã, Achiq, Achiqã, Black bass, Boca grande

Common Names in Romanian:

Biban cu gura mare

Common Names in Rumanian:

Biban cu gura mare

Common Names in Russian:

Bol´sherotyi Chernyi Okun´, Bol'sherotyi chernyi okun', Bolsherotnyi amerikanskii tscherny okun, большеро , большеротый американский окунь, Большеротый окунь, окунь бол, окунь большеротый, Форелеок

Common Names in Serbian:

Бас (риба)

Common Names in Slovak:

Ostracka, Ostracka Lososovit, Ostracka Lososovitá, Ostracka lososovitá

Common Names in Spanish:

Black-bass, Huro, Lobina, Lobina negra, Perca americana, Perca atruchada

Common Names in Spanish, Castilian:

Black bass, Huro, Lobina, Lobina negra, Perca americana, Perca atruchada

Common Names in Swedish:

öringabborre, öringsaborre, Öringabborre, Öringsaborre

Common Names in Thai:

ปลาแบสปากใหญ่

Common Names in Venda:

Ramafelia

Description

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Physical Description

Species Micropterus salmoides

Body: Mouth and snout: Mouth terminal and slightly oblique , with pads of small teeth on the jaws . No barbels . Body patterning, color, and scales : Back greenish brown, sides lighter, belly cream or white. Sides with a thick, diffuse , irregular (zig-zag ) dark lateral stripe . Fins dusky without distinctive markings. 60-68 ctenoid lateral scales. Body shape and size: Body fusiform , somewhat laterally compressed and moderately deep; oval in cross section . Typically 300-475 mm (12-19 in) TL ; maximum in Wisconsin about 625 mm (25 in).

Fins: Tail, dorsal and other fins: Slightly forked or round tail. Dorsal fin with 2 lobes , slightly joined by a membrane , the first usually with 10 spines and the second with 12-14 rays. Pelvic fins thoracic . Adipose fin absent. Anal fin with 3 spines and 10-12 (usually 11) rays.

Breeding adults : Similar to non-breeders; may be darker and more conspicuously marked .

Juveniles : Similar to adults, but lateral stripe more prominent .

Size/Age/Growth

May live as long as 23 years in the wild, 7 years in captivity.

Habitat

Inhabits clear, vegetated lakes , ponds , swamps . Also in backwaters and pools of creeks and rivers [1]. Prefers quiet, clear water and over-grown banks. Largemouth bass are highly adaptable fish, able to thrive in virtually every warm-water habitat , from small creeks to large rivers to huge reservoirs . About the only thing that limits them is cold annual water temperatures (

Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 5,478 meters (0 to 17,972 feet).[2]

Ecology: Introduced bass usually affect populations of small native fishes through predation , sometimes resulting in the decline or extinction of such species (Minckley 1973, in Fuller, 1999). Studies have shown that largemouth bass are capable of displacing native species , even predatory species such as northern pike .(USGS-CERC, 2004)

Biology

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Diet

Adults feed on fishes , crayfish and frogs ; young feed on crustaceans, insects and small fishes. Sometimes cannibalistic. Does not feed during spawning; as well as when the water temperature is below 5¦C and above 37¦C[3].

Reproduction

"The male which becomes aggressive and territorial builds the nest on muddy bottoms of shallow water. A female may spawn with several males on different nests. The male guards and fans the eggs ." (Fishbase, 2003)

"Spawning takes place spring to summer or when temperature reaches 15°C. Adults mate between the age of 5-12 years" (Fishbase, 2003).

Behavior

Predators:

Preyed upon by herons, bitterns, and kingfishers[4].

Taxonomy

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Synonyms

Aplites salmoides (Lacepède • Grystes megastoma Garlick • Grystes nigricans (Cuvier • Grystes salmoides (Lacepède • Huro nigricans Cuvier • Huro salmoides (Lacepède • Labrus salmoidesLabrus salmoides Lacepède • Labrus salmoides Lacépède, 1802 • Micropterus salmoidesMicropterus salmoides (Lacepède, 1802) • Perca nigricans (Cuvier

Notes

Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: Data last modified by FishBase 14-Feb-1994

Similar Species

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Fish Name    Lateral Scales    Dorsal Fin Origin    Color and Pigment Pattern    Similarity Index    Comments        Largemouth Bass    Extends to or beyond back of eye    Thick, diffuse, irregular (zig-zag) lateral stripe; faint in large adults, pronounced in juveniles; tail of young of year not distincly pigmented    60-68    Slightly connected, shortest spine less than half the length of the longest    N/A        Smallmouth Bass    Extends to middle or back of eye but not beyond    Solid color, dark mottling, or 9-16 diffuse vertical bars in adults; distinct vertical bars with tail yellow-orange with dark margin in young of year    69-80    Moderately connected, shortest spine more than half the length of the longest    Moderately similar

Members of the genus Micropterus

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 16 species and subspecies in this genus:

M. cataractae (Flint River Smallmouth Bass) · M. coosae (Flint River Smallmouth) · M. dolomieu (Streaked-Cheek River Bass) · M. dolomieui (Streaked-Cheek River Bass) · M. dolomieui dolomieui (Streaked-Cheek River Bass) · M. dolomieu dolomieu (Streaked-Cheek River Bass) · M. dolomieu velox (Black Bass) · M. notius (Suwannee Bass) · M. punctulatus (Northern Spotted Bass) · M. punctulatus puctulatus (Spotted Bass) · M. punctulatus punctulatus (Spotted Bass) · M. salmoides (Northern Largemouth Bass) · M. salmoides dolomieui (American Black Bass) · M. salmoides pseudaplites (American Black Bass) · M. treculi (Guadalupe Bass) · M. treculii (Guadalupe Spotted Bass)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr (1991). A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. [back]
  2. Mean = 375.040 meters (1,230.446 feet), Standard Deviation = 514.700 based on 3,238 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
  3. Billard, R. (1997). Les poissons d'eau douce des rivières de France. Identification, inventaire et répartition des 83 espèces. Lausanne: Delachaux & Niestlé, 192p. [back]
  4. Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman (1973). Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 184:1-966. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-11-20