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Mazama bricenii

(M?rida Brocket)


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Threat status

Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Catalan, Valencian:

Mazama de Mérida

Common Names in English:

M?rida Brocket, Mérida Brocket, Merioa Brocket, Meroia Brocket, Rufous Brocket

Common Names in Spanish:

Candelillo, Locha, Soche De P?ramo, Venado Matac?n Andino

Common Names in Spanish, Castilian:

Candelillo, Locha, Soche De Páramo, Venado Matacán Andino

Common Names in Turkish:

Gri cüce kariyaku


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Biome: Terrestrial [1].

Ecology: Originally found in montane forests and paramos at altitudes between 1000 and 3500 m .a.s.l. in mountain chains and massifes crossing over Venezuela (Zulia, Tachira, Apure, Merida, and Trujillo) and Colombia (La Guajira, Cesar, Norte de Santander, Santander, Boyaca). Linares (1998) reports M. bricenii as present on the eastern flank of Perija massive based on animal body parts that he collected at 3100 m in Cerro Viruela near Pico Tetari. Thus, it is highly probable that the species also occupies paramos on the Colombian side of Perija.

The main habitat of M. bricenii is paramos and tropical montane cloud forests above 1500 m. The paramos are high altitude grasslands (Boom et al. 2001), which are dominated by Calamagrostis spp. and gigantic Andean rosette plants from the genus Espeletia (Luteyn 1992). The tropical montane cloud forest is a type of vegetation that has special climatic conditions causing cloud and mist to be regularly in contact with the forest vegetation (Bruijnzeel and Veneklaas 1998). These forests support ecosystems of distinctive floristic and structural forms with lower canopy and thicker understory than lowland forests (Grubb et al. 1963). Details on M. bricenii ecology are unknown, although it seems to be solitary, active at day as well as at night, and expected to be a browser/frugivore in the forest understory. They are shy and secretive animals, rarely seen because of their nocturnal habits. They live either alone or in pairs and normally within a small territory. They usually defecate in latrines probably located at boundaries of territories. Further research is required.[1].

List of Habitats:


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Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 22-Apr-2004

The species was considered a subspecies of M. rufina by Cabrera (1961). Nevertheless, no specific studies have been carried out to fully clarify the taxonomic status of M. bricenii. Due to its separated geographical distribution from M. rufina and the lack of further information about its biology , it is still considered a valid species (Czernay 1987).[1].

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Mazama

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 12 species and subspecies in this genus:

M. americana (South American Red Brocket) · M. americana americana (Red Brocket) · M. bororo (Small Red Brocket) · M. bricenii (M?rida Brocket) · M. chunyi (Peruvian Dwarf Brocket) · M. gouazoubira (Gray Brocket) · M. gouazoupira (Brown Brocket) · M. nana (Brazilian Dwarf Brocket) · M. nemorivaga (Amazonian Brown Brocket) · M. pandora (Yucatan Brown Brocket) · M. rufina (Dwarf Red Brocket) · M. temama (Central American Red Brocket)

More Info

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Further Reading

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  1. Lizcano, D. J. & Alvarez, S. J. 2008. Mazama bricenii. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <>. Downloaded on 02 February 2012. [back]
Last Revised: 2015-02-06