Moths are medium-sized moths, with wings
that are most often brownish to grayish or white. They are often forest
pests. Females are typically larger than males, and in some species the females'' wings are reduced to nubs or are nonfunctional. Both sexes have bipectinate antennae, and adult
wingspan is 1.5-6.7 cm. Larvae are typically very hairy
and usually have two anterior and two to three posterior long hair tufts. Stinging
are present in some species, such as the Browntail Moth. Larvae feed on foliage
of many trees
but usually not on herbaceous plants
. The Gypsy Moth is the most important of these forest pests in eastern North America.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Latreille, 1829
- Snodgrass, 1938
- Heymons, 1901
- Superorder: Amphiesmenoptera ()
- Cohort: Myoglossata ()
- Infraclass: Pterygota ()
- Subclass: Dicondylia ()
- Epiclass: Hexapoda ()
- Superclass: Panhexapoda ()
- Infraphylum: Atelocerata () - Heymons, 1901
- Subphylum: Mandibulata () - Snodgrass, 1938
- Phylum: Arthropoda () - Latreille, 1829 - Arthropods
- Superphylum: Panarthropoda () - Cuvier
- Infrakingdom: Ecdysozoa () - A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Protostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Members of the genus Lymantria
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 10 species and subspecies in this genus:
L. antennata (Tussock Moth) · L. diehli (Asian Gypsy Moth) · L. dispar (Gypsy Moth) · L. dispar MNPV (Lymantria Dispar MNPV) · L. lunata (Luna Gypsy Moth) · L. mathura (Rosy Gypsy Moth) · L. monacha (Nun Moth) · L. nephrographa (Tussock Moth) · L. pelospila (Tussock Moth) · L. xylina (Casuarina Moth)
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- A catalogue of the lepidopterous insects in the museum of the Hon. East-India company. By Thomas Horsfield. .. and Frederic Moore. .. London, W.H. Allen and Co., 1857-59. url p. 342.
- A catalogue of the moths of India / compiled by E.C. Cotes and C. Swinhoe. Calcutta: Printed by order of the Trustees of the Indian Museum, 1887-1889. url p. 155.
- A catalogue of the moths of India. Calcutta, Indian Museum, 1887. url p. 155.
- Catalogue of eastern and Australian Lepidoptera Heterocera in the collection of the Oxford University Museum / by C. Swinhoe. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1892-1900. url p. 307.
- Descriptions of new Indian lepidopterous insects from the collection of the late Mr. W.S. Atkinson. Rhopalocera, by William C. Hewitson. Heterocera, by Frederic Moore. With an introductory notice by Arthur Grote. 1879 Calcutta, Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1879-88. url p. 57.
- Illustrations of typical specimens of Lepidoptera Heterocera in the collection of the British Museum. Edited by Arthur Gardiner Butler. LondonPrinted by order of the Trustees1879- url p. 57.
- Transactions of the Entomological Society of London. London, The Society. url p. 477.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 10, 2012.
- http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/taxonomy?f=87&sci=Lymantriidae&com=Tussock Moths [back]