Common Names in English:
'The Nymphalidae are members
of the Superfamily
Papilionoidea, the true butterflies. Distributed worldwide, butterflies of this family
are especially rich in the tropics. They are highly variable, and there are more species in this family than in any other. Adults
vary in size from small to large, and their front legs
are reduced, unable to be used for walking. Wing
is also highly variable: some species have irregular margins
(anglewings and commas), and others have long taillike projections (daggerwings). Browns, oranges, yellows, and blacks are frequent colors, while iridescent
colors such as purples and blues are rare. Adults of some groups are the longest-lived butterflies, surviving 6-11 months. Adult feeding behavior depends on the species, where some groups primarily seek flower nectar while others only feed
, rotting fruit, dung, or animal carcasses. Males exhibit
behaviors when seeking mates. Egg-laying
varies widely, as some species lay eggs
in clustsers, others in columns, and others singly. Caterpillar appearance
and behavior vary widely. Brushfoots overwinter
as larvae or adults.
The Limenitidinae are members of the Family Nymphalidae. These admirals and relatives are found on most continents. Adults of most genera are characterized by their flap-and-glide flight. Caterpillar and chrysalis structure defines this group.
Species Limenitis weidemeyerii
Upperside is black with a white median band on both wings ; submarginal areas of hindwing are black. Underside is brown with white markings repeated; base of hindwing is gray-white with dark crosslines; marginal spots on hindwing are gray-white. (ref. 105986)
Upperside is black with a white median band on both wings ; submarginal areas of hindwing are black. Underside is brown with white markings repeated; base of hindwing is gray-white with dark crosslines; marginal spots on hindwing are gray-white.
Wing span : 2 1/4 - 3 3/4 inches (5.7 - 9.5 cm).
Deciduous forest , streamsides in coniferous forests, aspen groves, small towns, suburbs.
Males perch on trees
to watch for receptive females, rarely
. Females lay
singly on the tips
of host plant leaves;
caterpillars eat leaves. Third-stage caterpillars hibernate in shelters
made of leaves.
Flight: One or two broods from June-September.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Latreille, 1829
- Snodgrass, 1938
- Heymons, 1901
- Order: Lepidoptera () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - Butterflies and Moths
- Superorder: Panorpida ()
- Cohort: Myoglossata ()
- Infraclass: Pterygota ()
- Subclass: Dicondylia ()
- Epiclass: Hexapoda ()
- Superclass: Panhexapoda ()
- Infraphylum: Atelocerata () - Heymons, 1901
- Subphylum: Mandibulata () - Snodgrass, 1938
- Phylum: Arthropoda () - Latreille, 1829 - Arthropods
- Superphylum: Panarthropoda () - Cuvier
- Infrakingdom: Ecdysozoa () - A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Protostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Members of the genus Limenitis
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 17 species and subspecies in this genus:
L. archippus (Viceroy) · L. archippus archippus (Viceroy) · L. archippus idaho (Idaho Viceroy) · L. archippus lahontani (Nevada Viceroy) · L. archippus obsoleta (Arizona Viceroy) · L. arthemis (Green Skipper) · L. arthemis arizonensis (Arizona Red-Spotted Purple) · L. arthemis arthemis (White Admiral) · L. arthemis astyanax (Astyanax Red-Spotted Purple) · L. arthemis rubrofasciata (White Admiral) · L. lorquini (Lorquin's Admiral) · L. lorquini pallidafacies (Lorquin's Admiral) · L. populi (Poplar Admiral) · L. weidemeyerii (Weidemeyer's Admiral) · L. weidemeyerii nevadae (Nevada Admiral) · L. weidemeyerii oberfoelli (Weidemeyer's Admiral) · L. weidermeyerii (Weidemeyer's Admiral)
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- ... Synopsis of the described Lepidoptera of North America. Part I--Diurnal and crepuscular Lepidoptera. Comp. for the Smithsonian institution, by John G. Morris Washington, Smithsonian institution, 1862 url p. 327.
- Annual report / Entomological Society of Ontario. Toronto, The Society. url p. 102.
- Bibliography (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) / Charles A. Bridges. Urbana, Ill.: C.A. Bridges, c1993. url p. 112, p. 14, p. 327.
- Catalogue of the described Lepidoptera of North America. Prepared for the Smithsonian Institution / By John G. Morris. Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1860. url p. 327.
- Entomological news, and proceedings of the Entomological Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Philadelphia[Entomological Rooms of the Academy of Natural Sciences] url p. 135, p. 166, p. 166.
- Entomological news. [Philadelphia]American Entomological Society, 1925- url p. 153, p. 34, p. 35.
- Field and forest. [Washington: Columbia Press, 1875-1878]. url p. 48.
- Occasional papers of the California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco: California Academy of Sciences, url p. 25.
- Report upon United States Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian / Washington [D.C.]: G.P.O., 1875-1889. url , p. 770.
- Smithsonian miscellaneous collections. 4 1862 Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1862-1968. url p. 327.
- Synopsis of North American butterflies. By William H. Edwards. .. Philadelphia, The American Entomological Society, 1872; text reprinted. Boston: Houghton, Osgood and Company, 1879. url .
- The Canadian entomologist. Ottawa [etc.]Entomological Society of Canada [etc.] url p. 58.
- The Lepidopterists' news: the monthly newsletter of the Lepidopterists' Society. Cambridge, Mass.: Lepidopterists' Society, 1947-1958. url p. 86.
- Transactions of the American Entomological Society Philadelphia: The Society, 1890- url p. 354.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 10, 2012.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 12, 2007:
- Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility, Butterflies and Skippers of Alberta Project
- Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility, Norbert Kondla Collection
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2587060
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 2481187
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: IILEPL3030
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 172026