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Boquinegro, Boquinete, Capit, Doncella de pluma, Jaqueton blanco, Pargo gallo, Pargo pluma, Pez perro
Common Names in Wayuu:
Typically found in water with a depth of 0 to -4,699 meters (0 to -15,417 feet).
Lachnolaimus maximus is found on coral
reefs at 3-40 m
especially sandy outer reef slopes
are most common in
shallow seagrass, and inshore
It is a monadric protogynous hermaphrodite (McBride and Johnson 2007) with a very slow rate of sex change (several months that occurs post spawning). It has an extended spawning season from January to May. In Florida, females attain sexual maturity at two years 26.0 cm (FL ), sexual transition at three to five years but recorded in individuals up to 13 years. Reproductive aggregations have been observed in Los Roques (J.H. Choat pers. comm. 2008).
There is considerable variation in growth and age structure over the geographic range of this species. The most detailed account (McBride and Richardson 2007) compared growth and age structure of populations from the eastern Gulf of Mexico and southern Florida (Easten Gulf of Mexico - max . age 23 years; max. size 82.4 cm (FL); von Bertalanffy Growth Function Linf 91.7 cm; k .014; mortality rate 0.35, and South Florida - max. age 13 years; Max size 62.2 cm (FL); von Bertalanffy Growth Function Linf 42.8 cm; k .045 mortality rate 0.4).
A broader survey of four Atlantic locations revealed the following: (J.H. Choat pers. comm. 2008) Margarita (Venuezula) - max. age five years, max. size 35.3 cm; Los Roques (Ven) - max. age10 years, max. size 68.7 cm; Belize - max. age seven years max. size 55.4 cm; Bermuda - max. age 16 years, max. size 84.4 cm. In addition, mortality rates estimates from catch curves from Margarita and Belize (0.8, 0.7) both heavily fished , were double those from Los Roques and Bermuda where only light fishing occurs.
All populations examined for age distribution in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico, South Florida, (McBride and Richardson 2007) Belize, Los Roques, Bermuda, Margarita (J.H. Choat pers. comm. 2008) revealed that distribution was strongly skewed to the younger age classes varying from one to four years. Abundance estimates by Underwater Visual Census in Belize and Los Roques (J.H. Choat pers. comm. 2008) revealed low densities (0.81-0.95 individuals per 1,000 m2). No counts of aggregations were made..
List of Habitats :
Feeds mainly on mollusks, also crabs and sea urchins.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Bateson, 1885
- Cuvier, 1812
- Jawed Vertebrates
- Huxley, 1880
- Huxley, 1880
- Order: Perciformes () -
- Superorder: Acanthopterygii ()
- Cohort: Clupeocephala ()
- Infraclass: Actinopteri ()
- Subclass: Actinopterygii ()
- Class: Osteichthyes () - Huxley, 1880
- Superclass: Osteichthyes () - Huxley, 1880
- Infraphylum: Gnathostomata () - auct. - Jawed Vertebrates
- Subphylum: Vertebrata () - Cuvier, 1812 - Vertebrates
- Phylum: Chordata () - Bateson, 1885 - Chordates
- Infrakingdom: Chordonia () - (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Deuterostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Labrus maximus • Labrus maximus Walbaum • Labrus maximus Walbaum, 1792 • Lachnolaimus maximus
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: Data last modified by FishBase 25-Aug-1994
Members of the genus Lachnolaimus
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 1 species and subspecies in this genus:
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- Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. Washington, Biological Society of Washington url p. 205, p. 31.
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- Choat, J.H., Pollard, D. & Sadovy, Y.J. 2010. Lachnolaimus maximus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloadedon 01February2012.
- FishBase. Release date: January 5, 2010
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed March 01, 2008. http://www.gbif.org Mediated distribution data from 7 providers.
- Huntsman, G. 1996. In IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCNRedList.org. Downloaded July 18, 2008.
- Huntsman, G. 1996. Lachnolaimus maximus. In: IUCN 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org . Downloaded on 20 October 2006.
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- Westneat, Mark (from FishBase).
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal March 01, 2008:
- FishBase: FishBase DiGIR Provider - Philippine Server
- Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University: ECNASAP - East Coast North America Strategic Assessment (OBIS Canada)
- Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History: Vertebrate specimens
- Museum national d'histoire naturelle: Ichtyologie
- Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University: MCZ Fish Collection
- Royal Ontario Museum: Fish specimens
- Senckenberg: Collection Pisces
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 130130
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Fis-23577
- Fishbase Species ID: 1071
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 14374309
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 170566
- IUCN ID: 217783
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 6196
- Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez (1992). Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales ma ... [back]
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- Moe, A.M. Jr. (1992). The marine aquarium handbook. Beginner to breeder. Green Turtle Publication, Florida USA. 318 p. [back]
- Mean = 414.600 meters (1,360.236 feet), Standard Deviation = 2,198.600 based on 30 observations. Ocean depth information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
- Choat, J.H., Pollard, D. & Sadovy, Y.J. 2010. Lachnolaimus maximus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 01 February 2012. [back]
- Gomon, M.F. (1978). Labridae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Central Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). Vol. 3. pag.var. [back]