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Lachnolaimus maximus



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Threat status

Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Danish:


Common Names in Dutch:


Common Names in English:

Hogfish, Hogftsh

Common Names in French:

Labre capitaine

Common Names in German:

Eber Lippfisch

Common Names in Lithuanian:

Ilgapelekė lūpažuvė

Common Names in Mandarin Chinese:

長棘毛唇隆頭魚, 长棘毛唇隆头鱼

Common Names in Polish:


Common Names in Portuguese:

Bodi, Bodião de pluma, Bodião-de-pluma

Common Names in Russian:


Common Names in Spanish:

Boquinegro, Boquinete, Capit, Doncella de pluma, Jaqueton blanco, Pargo gallo, Pargo pluma, Pez perro

Common Names in Spanish, Castilian:

Boquinete, Capitán, Doncella de pluma, Jaqueton blanco, Pargo Gallo, Pargo pluma, Pez perro

Common Names in Wayuu:



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Found over open bottoms or coral reef areas [1]. Often encountered where gorgonians are abundant[2]. Has been reared in captivity [3].

Typically found in water with a depth of 0 to -4,699 meters (0 to -15,417 feet).[4]

Ecology: Lachnolaimus maximus is found on coral reefs at 3-40 m depth, especially sandy outer reef slopes . Juveniles are most common in shallow seagrass, and inshore reef habitats.

It is a monadric protogynous hermaphrodite (McBride and Johnson 2007) with a very slow rate of sex change (several months that occurs post spawning). It has an extended spawning season from January to May. In Florida, females attain sexual maturity at two years 26.0 cm (FL ), sexual transition at three to five years but recorded in individuals up to 13 years. Reproductive aggregations have been observed in Los Roques (J.H. Choat pers. comm. 2008).  

There is considerable variation in growth and age structure over the geographic range of this species. The most detailed account (McBride and Richardson 2007) compared growth and age structure of populations from the eastern Gulf of Mexico and southern Florida (Easten Gulf of Mexico - max . age 23 years; max. size 82.4 cm (FL); von Bertalanffy Growth Function Linf 91.7 cm;  k .014; mortality rate 0.35, and South Florida -  max. age 13 years; Max size 62.2 cm (FL); von Bertalanffy Growth Function Linf 42.8 cm;  k .045 mortality rate 0.4).

A broader survey of  four Atlantic locations revealed the following: (J.H. Choat pers. comm. 2008) Margarita (Venuezula) -  max. age five years, max. size 35.3 cm; Los Roques (Ven) - max. age10 years, max. size 68.7 cm; Belize - max. age seven years max. size 55.4 cm; Bermuda - max. age 16 years, max. size 84.4 cm. In addition, mortality rates estimates from catch curves from Margarita and Belize (0.8, 0.7) both heavily fished , were double those from Los Roques and Bermuda where only light fishing occurs.

All populations examined for age distribution in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico, South Florida, (McBride and Richardson 2007)  Belize, Los Roques, Bermuda, Margarita (J.H. Choat pers. comm. 2008) revealed that distribution was strongly skewed to the younger age classes varying from one to four years. Abundance estimates by Underwater Visual Census in Belize and Los Roques (J.H. Choat pers. comm. 2008) revealed low densities (0.81-0.95 individuals per 1,000 m2). No counts of aggregations were made.[5].

List of Habitats :


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Feeds mainly on mollusks, also crabs and sea urchins[6].


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Labrus maximusLabrus maximus Walbaum • Labrus maximus Walbaum, 1792 • Lachnolaimus maximus


Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: Data last modified by FishBase 25-Aug-1994

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Lachnolaimus

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 1 species and subspecies in this genus:

L. maximus (Hogftsh)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal March 01, 2008:



  1. Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez (1992). Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales ma ... [back]
  2. Randall, J.E. (1996). Caribbean reef fishes. Third Edition - revised and enlarged. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., Hong Kong. 3nd ed. 368 p. [back]
  3. Moe, A.M. Jr. (1992). The marine aquarium handbook. Beginner to breeder. Green Turtle Publication, Florida USA. 318 p. [back]
  4. Mean = 414.600 meters (1,360.236 feet), Standard Deviation = 2,198.600 based on 30 observations. Ocean depth information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
  5. Choat, J.H., Pollard, D. & Sadovy, Y.J. 2010. Lachnolaimus maximus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <>. Downloaded on 01 February 2012. [back]
  6. Gomon, M.F. (1978). Labridae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Central Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). Vol. 3. pag.var. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-11-29