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Elagatis bipinnulata

(Small rainbow runner)


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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Afrikaans:

Re, Reënboog pylvis, Reënboog-pylvis

Common Names in Agutaynen:


Common Names in Arabic:

Aifa, Garaeiba, Gazala, Mujlabah, Muslabah, Sagla

Common Names in Austronesian:

Buree', Fa-fa, Foafoa, Foofo, Niyawmanúr, Péyennáy, Ppwéy

Common Names in Austronesian (Other):

Buree', Fa-Fa, Foafoa, Foofo, Niyawmanúr, Péyennáy, Ppwéy

Common Names in Banton:


Common Names in Bikol:

Bulangawan salmon, Lapis, Salmonon

Common Names in Carolinian:

Buree´, Buree', Fa-fa, Foafoa, Foofo, Niyawman, Niyawmanúr, Péyennáy, Ppw, Ppwéy

Common Names in Cebuano:

Langoso, Lanoso, Salmon, Solinao, Solinaw, Sulid sa lawod, Sulinao

Common Names in Chamorro:


Common Names in Chinese:

紡綞鰤, 雙帶鰺

Common Names in Cotabato Chavacano:


Common Names in Creole, French:

Calat, Calaté, Carangue saumon, Cateau saumon, Galate, Prodigalson, Saumon

Common Names in Creole, Portuguese:

Alada, Salm, Salmão

Common Names in Creoles and Pidgins, French:

Calaté, Carangue saumon, Cateau saumon, Galate, Prodigalson

Common Names in Danish:

Regnbuehestemakrel, Regnbuel, Regnbueløber

Common Names in Davawenyo:


Common Names in Dutch:


Common Names in English:

Hawaiian salmon, Jack, Ocean salmon, Prodigal son, rainbow runner, Rainbow runner fish, Rainbow Yellowtail, Runner, Salmon, Salmon runner, Samon, Shoemaker, Skip jack, Small rainbow runner, Spanish jack, Spanish mackerel, Spanish-jack, Striped fish, Tabio, Yellow tail

Common Names in Fijian:

Drodrolagi, Kanailagi

Common Names in French:

Carangue arc en ciel, Carangue arc-en-ciel, Com, Comète saumon, Coureur arc en ciel, Coureur Arc-En-Ciel, Dauphin, Dauphin vert, Galati, Saumon, Sorcier

Common Names in Gela:


Common Names in German:


Common Names in Gilbertese:

Te kama

Common Names in Greek:

Iridokokali, Ιριδοκοκάλι

Common Names in Greek, Modern:

Iridokokali, Ιριδοκοκάλι

Common Names in Greek, Modern (1453):

Iridokokali, Ιριδοκοκάλι

Common Names in Greek (modern):

Iridokokali, Ιριδοκοκάλ

Common Names in Hawaiian:


Common Names in Hiligaynon:

Bangkulisan, Bansikul, Languso, Salmon

Common Names in Ilokano:

Saleng-saleng, Salmon

Common Names in Italian:

Elegatis bipinnulata, Seriolina

Common Names in Japanese:

Songoro, Tsumu buri, Tsumu-buri, Tsumuburi, ツムブリ

Common Names in Javanese:


Common Names in Kagayanen:


Common Names in Kiribati:

Te kama

Common Names in Komoro:

Bagara, Songoro

Common Names in Korean:

Ch'am ch'i bang o, Ch'am-ch'i-bang-o, 참치방어

Common Names in Kuyunon:


Common Names in Mahl:


Common Names in Makassarese:

Sinrilli batang

Common Names in Malagasy:


Common Names in Malay:

Pisang-pisang, Salaman, Sunglir, Tola Laut

Common Names in Malayalam:

Chameen, Poomeen, ചാമീന്, ചാമീന് , പൂമീന്

Common Names in Mandarin Chinese:

Fang Chu, Fang chuí shi, 双带鲹, 紡綞鰤, 纺缍鰤, 雙帶鰺

Common Names in Maranao/Samal/Tao Su:

Ong-Ong, Salmon, Tengteng, Ulong-Ulong, Ungong

Common Names in Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug:

Ong-ong, Salmon, Tengteng, Ulong-ulong, Ungong

Common Names in Marshall:


Common Names in Marshallese:


Common Names in Misima-Paneati:


Common Names in Niuean:


Common Names in Other:

Ingan, Magudlong, Tandu, Ulitan

Common Names in Palauan:


Common Names in Polish:


Common Names in Portuguese:

Alada, Arabaiana, Arabaiana azul, Arabaiana norte, Arabaiana-azul, Camisa de meia, Choupa, Enxova, Fogueteiro arco iris, Fogueteiro-arco-iris, Guaxum, Guaxumba, Peixe rei, Peixe-rei, Salem, Salemão, Salm, Salmão, Xixarro salmão, Xixarro-Salm, Xixarro-salmão

Common Names in Samoan:


Common Names in Somali:

Aari joog, Aari-joog

Common Names in Spanish:

Cola amarilla, Corredores, Llorotel, Macaela, Macarela, Macarela arco iris, Macarela Salm, macarela salmón, Macarela salmón, Peje rata, Pejerata, Pez rata, Picudo rayado, Remoremo, Salm, salmón cubano, Salmon, Salmón cubano, Salmonete, Sardinata, Tabio, Zapatero ligereto

Common Names in Spanish, Castilian:

Cola amarilla, Corredores, Llorotel, Macaela, Macarela, Macarela arco iris, Macarela salmón, Peje rata, Pejerata, Pez rata, Picudo rayado, Remoremo, Salmón, Salmón cubano, Salmonete, Sardinata, Tabio, Zapatero ligereto

Common Names in Surigaonon:

Salindata, Salindatu

Common Names in Swahili:

Kiharua, Kuninga, Muhaluwa

Common Names in Tagalog:

Bansikol, Bidbid sa laud, Lapi, Malaguno, Salinao, Salindato, Salmon, Tengteng, Ulong-ulong, Ungong

Common Names in Tagbanwa Calamian:


Common Names in Tahitian:

Roe roe, Roeroe

Common Names in Tamil:

Kulkul, குல்குல்

Common Names in Tongan:

'Utu mea

Common Names in Tuamotuan:


Common Names in Tuvaluan:

Te kamai

Common Names in Vietnamese:

Cá Cam thoi

Common Names in Visayan:

Bansikol, Basikol, Bidbid sa laot, Bidbid sa laud, Salinao, Salindato

Common Names in Waray-waray:

Salmon-salmon, Salmonon


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Physical Description


Males are commonly 90 cm (Total Length) in length when caught/marketed, but may be as large as 180 cm (Total Length).


Found in oceanic and coastal waters , generally near the surface over reefs or sometimes far from the coast[1][2][3]. May be found at depths of 0 to 150 meters. Usually found at depths of 2 to 10 meters.

Typically found in water with a depth of 0 to -5,351 meters (0 to -17,556 feet).[4]

Biome: Marine .


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Feeds on invertebrates (larger crustaceans of the zooplankton ) and small fishes [1][5].


May form large schools[1][3].

Sound types : grunts . Sound organ: pharyngeal teeth and swim bladder . Sonic mechanism: not specified but probably like other carangids (stridulation of teeth amplified by swim bladder).


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Egalatis bipinnulatus (Quoy & Gaimard • Elagatis bipinnulataElagatis bipinnulatusElagatis bipinnulatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) • Elagatis bipinnulatus (Quoy & Gaimard • Elegatis bipinnulataElegatis bipinnulata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) • Elegatis bipinnulata (Quoy & Gaimard • Elegatis bipinnulatusElegatis bipinnulatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) • Elegatis bipinnulatus (Quoy & Gaimard • Elegatus bipinnulatusElegatus bipinnulatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) • Elegatus bipinnulatus (Quoy & Gaimard • Irex indicus Valenciennes • Micropteryx bipinnulatus (Quoy & Gaimard • Seriola bipinnulata Quoy & Gaimard • Seriola bipinnulata Quoy and Gaimard, 1825 • Seriolichthys bipinnulatus (Quoy & Gaimard


Name Status: Accepted Name .

First described: Quoy & Gaimard In: Voy.Uranie,Zool., 1825.

Last scrutiny: Data last modified by FishBase 17-Apr-1996

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Elagatis

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 2 species and subspecies in this genus:

E. bipinnulata (Small Rainbow Runner) · E. bipinnulatus (Scissortail Sculpin)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal February 29, 2008:



  1. Smith-Vaniz, W.F. (1995). Carangidae. Jureles, pámpanos, cojinúas, zapateros, cocineros, casabes, macarelas, chicharros, jorobados, medregales, pez pilota. p. 940-986. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) ... [back]
  2. Yamada, U., S. Shirai, T. Irie, M. Tokimura, S. Deng, Y. Zheng, C. Li, Y.U. Kim and Y.S. Kim (1995). Names and Illustrations of Fishes from the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea. Overseas Fishery Cooperation Foundation, Tokyo, Japan. [back]
  3. Kuiter, R. H. and Tonozuka (2001). Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 302 p. [back]
  4. Mean = -798.570 meters (-2,619.980 feet), Standard Deviation = 1,198.110 based on 252 observations. Ocean depth information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
  5. Randall, J.E. (1996). Shore fishes of Hawai'i. Natural World Press, Vida, Oregon. 216 p. [back]
Last Revised: 2015-02-06