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Danio rerio

(Zebra fish)


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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Bengali:

Anju, আনজু

Common Names in Czech:

Dánička, Dánio pruhované, Zebricka Pruhovan, Zebřička pruhovaná

Common Names in Danish:

Leoparddanio, Zebrafisk

Common Names in English:

Zebra fish, Hora danio, Leopard danio, Rerio, Striped danio, Zebra, zebra danio, zebrafish

Common Names in Finnish:


Common Names in French:

Poisson Z, Poisson zèbre

Common Names in German:

Zebrab, Zebrabärbling

Common Names in Hindi:

Anju, अंजु

Common Names in Kannada:


Common Names in Khasi:


Common Names in Mandarin Chinese:

Banma Yu, 印度斑馬魚, 印度斑马鱼, 弗氏 (豹斑馬魚), 弗氏 (豹斑马鱼), 斑馬, 斑马

Common Names in Marathi:

Balooki, Pidtuli

Common Names in Nepalese:

Zebra Macha

Common Names in Nepali:

Zebra macha, ज़ीबरा माछा

Common Names in Oriya:

Poncha Geraldi

Common Names in Polish:

Danio lamparci, Danio pregowany

Common Names in Portuguese:


Common Names in Russian:

Polosatyi danio

Common Names in Spanish:


Common Names in Swedish:

Leoparddanio, Sebrafisk

Common Names in Tamil:

Aratti, Sellai Palava

Common Names in Telugu:

Chintaku Parega


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Inhabits streams , canals, ditches, ponds and beels [1]. Occurs in slow-moving to stagnant standing water bodies, particularly rice-fields [2]. Common in rivulets at foot hills [3].



The species is an annual species . Adults inhabit streams , canals, ditches, ponds and beels occur in slow-moving to stagnant standing water bodies, particularly rice-fields and lower reaches of streams common in rivulets at foot hills . Feed on worms and small crustaceans,  also on insect larvae. Breed all year round . Spawning is induced by temperature and commences at the onset of the monsoon season . Food availability also acts as cue for breeding.



List of Habitats :


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Feeds on worms and small crustaceans[5]; also on insect larvae that it can be used for mosquito control (Ref 6351).


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Barilius rerio (Hamilton • Brachydanio frankei Meinken • Brachydanio rerio (Hamilton • Cyprinus chapalio Hamilton • Cyprinus rerio (Riehl and Baensch, 1989) • Cyprinus rerio Hamilton • Danio lineatus Day • Danio rerioNuria rerio (Hamilton • Perilampus striatus Mcclelland


Name Status: Accepted Name .

First described: Hamilton, F. An account of the fishes found in the River Ganges and its branches. Archibald Constable and Company , Edinburg. 405 p., 1822.

Last scrutiny: Data last modified by FishBase 15-Jun-1994

Hamilton (1822) described Cyprinus rerio from Gangetic provinces . Shrestha (1978) treated it under genus Danio.  [4].

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Danio

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 16 species and subspecies in this genus:

D. acuticephala (Manipur Danio) · D. aequipinnulus (Giant Danio) · D. albolineata (Spotted Danio) · D. albolineatus (Spotted Danio) · D. dangila (Dangila Danio) · D. devario (Sind Dario) · D. feegradei (Burma Danio) · D. kerri (Splendid Danio) · D. malabaricus (Malabar Danio) · D. margaritatus (Celestial Pearl Danio) · D. naganensis (Naga Danio) · D. neilgherriensis (Peninsular Danio) · D. nigrofasciatus (Thorny Tinselfish) · D. pathirana (Barred Danio) · D. regina (Fowler's Danio) · D. rerio (Zebra Fish)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal March 02, 2008:



  1. Rahman, A.K.A. (1989). Freshwater fishes of Bangladesh. Zoological Society of Bangladesh. Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka. 364 p. [back]
  2. Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran (1991). Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Volume 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. [back]
  3. Menon, A.G.K. (1999). Check list - fresh water fishes of India. p. 234-259. Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Misc. Publ., Occas. Pap. No. 175, 366 p. [back]
  4. Vishwanath, W. 2010. Danio rerio. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <>. Downloaded on 31 January 2012. [back]
  5. Mills, D. and G. Vevers (1989). The Tetra encyclopedia of freshwater tropical aquarium fishes. Tetra Press, New Jersey. 208 pp. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-05-14