Family : Dolphinfishes; Primarily in oceanic species but may enter coastal waters . Usually forms schools. Follows boats and may be found under floating objects. Feeds on small fishes and squid. Marketed fresh and considered an excellent food fish . An important game fish in northern South America .
Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Afrikaans:
Common Names in Agutaynen:
Common Names in Arabic:
Common Names in Bikol:
Dorado, Lamadang babae
Common Names in Catalan:
Common Names in Cebuano:
Durado, Lali, Lumod, Pandawan
Common Names in Chavacano:
Common Names in Creole, French:
Dorade, Ti klik
Common Names in Creole, Portuguese:
Common Names in Creoles and Pidgins, French:
Colombeta, Dorade, Dourado, Ti klik
Common Names in Creoles and Pidgins, Portuguese:
Common Names in Danish:
Common Names in Davawenyo:
Common Names in English:
Blue dolphin, Dolphin, Dorado, Lesser Dolphin, Lesser Dolphin-Fish, Little dolphin, Little Mahimahi, Mahi mahi, Mahimahi, Pompano dolfinfish, pompano dolphin, Pompano dolphin fish, Pompano dolphinfish, Pompano Mahi Mahi, Small dolphin
Common Names in Ewe:
Common Names in Fon:
Common Names in Fon GBE:
Common Names in Fongbe:
Common Names in French:
Cam?l?on, Cam, Caméléon, Coryph, Coryph?ne Dauphin, Coryphène dauphin
Common Names in German:
Common Names in Greek:
Common Names in Greek, Modern:
Common Names in Greek, Modern (1453):
Common Names in Hausa:
Common Names in Hawaiian:
Common Names in Hiligaynon:
Common Names in Ilokano:
Common Names in Japanese:
Common Names in Kagayanen:
Common Names in Korean:
Common Names in Kuyunon:
Common Names in Maltese:
Lampuka, Lampuka rara
Common Names in Mandarin Chinese:
Common Names in Maranao/Samal/Tao Su:
Common Names in Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug:
Common Names in Polish:
Common Names in Portuguese:
Colombeta, Delfim, Doirado, Doirado-amarelo, Doirado-F, Doirado-fêmea, Doirado-fÍmea, Doirado-pampo, Dourado, Dourado-amarelo, Dourado-palombeta, Dourado-pampo, Sapatorra
Common Names in Somali:
Common Names in Spanish:
Doradito, Dorado, Dorado chato, Dorado enano
Common Names in Swahili:
Falusi, Fulusi, Pomboo
Common Names in Tagalog:
Dolpin, Durado, Pandawan
Common Names in Tahitian:
Common Names in Unknown:
Common Names in Vietnamese:
Cá N?c heo, Cá Nục heo
Common Names in Waray-waray:
Common Names in Wolof:
Dakn sin, Kakatarou guetj, Yiteunte
Species Coryphaena equiselis
Distinctive Features: The two species of dolphin
fish are easily
distinguishable. Both exhibit
the same elongate
The single dorsal fin extends the length
of the body. The anal fin
begins approximately in the middle
of the body and ends at the same
as the dorsal fin. The pelvic fins are inserted
under the pectoral
and can be compressed
into a shallow groove
on the body. The
caudal fin is strongly forked
. The head
and the mouth
many small teeth. The tongue tooth
is large and square
the body. Mature
males develop a prominent
at the front of the head. The pompano dolphin can be separated from
the common dolphin by its body depth, which is greater than 25% of
its standard length. This dolphin generally has fewer dorsal fin
rays than the common dolphin (52-59) and more vertebrae
difference being in the number of caudal vertebrae. In juveniles
the entire margins
of the caudal fins are white and the pelvic fins
Coloration : Pompano dolphins are among the most colorful pelagic gamefish. The dorsal surface is bright blue and green, the sides are yellow and gold with blue-green overtones, and the ventral surface is white or yellow. Many small black dots are present over the head and body. Juveniles have distinct bars on the sides.
Dentition: Dentition helps to distinguish the pompano dolphin (C. equiselis) from the common dolphin (C. hippurus. The pompano dolphin has a squarish tooth patch on the tongue in contrast to the common dolphin that has a oval tooth patch.
Size, Age, and Growth: Males and females are approximately equal in weight up to a length of 37 inches (95 cm), at which point the males are heavier than the females. Unlike most pelagic species, pompano dolphin grows very rapidly throughout their lifespan. Their maximum lifespan is estimated at less than four years.
Males are commonly 50 cm (Total Length) in length when caught/marketed, but may be as large as 127 cm (Total Length).
The pompano dolphin
, distributed worldwide in tropical
waters. Unlike the common dolphin, it is rarely caught
in coastal waters
. It is also rarely found in water less than 24°C
at the surface.
Dolphins school at all sizes. They are commonly observed schooling under drift lines of seaweed, or under floating debris and boats . Dolphins may separate into schools based upon size and/or sex. Common and pompano dolphins have been observed in the same school. Little is known of migratory patterns . It is not uncommon for dolphin schools to follow drifting debris or vessels for many days, indicating that these chance encounters may dictate their movements.
Typically found in water with a depth of 0 to -7,883 meters (0 to -25,863 feet).
This pelagic, oceanodromous
species is primarily oceanic
enter coastal waters
. It usually forms schools. It follows boats
and may be found under floating objects. It feeds
on small fishes
This species is fast-growing and short-lived. Maximum size is 75 cm, but more commonly is found to 50 cm. The all-tackle gamefish record is of a 3.86 kg fish taken in Baltimore Canyon , Maryland in 2008 (IGFA 2011). This species is much smaller and less important to fisheries than C. hippurus. Age at first maturity is 3–4 months. Spawning is probably year-round at water temperatures greater than 21°C (Gibbs and Collette 1959, Ditty 2005, Collette 2010)..
List of Habitats :
- 9 Marine Neritic
- 9.1 Marine Neritic - Pelagic
- 10 Marine Oceanic
- 10.1 Marine Oceanic - Epipelagic (0-200m) [more info]
Many observations have been made on the feeding habits of dolphins . Dolphins are swift moving, agile predators and are able to overcome most prey items. They are not selective in their feeding habits, although diet changes with growth. Larvae and juveniles feed primarily upon crustaceans, especially copepods . Adults feed mostly upon bony fishes , with flying fish (Exocoetidae) constituting approximately 25% of the food by weight . Other common food items include crabs, shrimp, and cephalopods . Sargassum is frequently found in the stomachs, but this is probably an incidental intake associated with foraging in the sargassum communities. Dolphins feed primarily during the day, as they rely upon the vision (as well as their lateral line system ) to detect prey. There is evidence that they may also feed at night when the moon provides ample light. Males are apparently more active feeders than females, evidenced by the larger amounts of food found in their stomachs. Males tend to be larger than females of the same age, and thus probably need more energy to support their metabolism .
Pompano dolphins begin to spawn at a size of approximately 20 cm standard length. They are pair spawners , opposed to communal or mass spawners. The spawning season for dolphins is long, and multiple spawnings per year are common in both males and females. In the tropics, they spawn year round . Young dolphins have been found year round in the Straits of Florida, supporting this assumption. In the northern and southern extremes of the range , they apparently spawn only in the warmer months. In laboratory conditions, dolphins have spawned both during the day and night. Larvae are found in tropical waters worldwide. Young dolphins are found in the Florida Current year round, but peak abundance occurs in the summer. Larvae hatch at approximately 4 mm in length ; within four days, they reach a length of 5.7 mm. At 15 days, the larvae are approximately 15 mm long. Vague adult characteristics are visible at this size, and the eyes and mouth are fully developed. Juvenile pompano dolphins tend to be solidly colored at very small sizes, developing light barring between lengths of 25-90 mm.
There are reports of young dolphin
following a Sargassum line
), of dolphin schooling under a raft as it was towed
30 miles (48 km), and of pompano dolphin following a sailboat for
19 days. The crew of the Kon-Tiki ate dolphin throughout the voyage
from Peru to the Indo-Pacific
that took approximately 150 days. It
is recognized that dolphins
generally migrate northward during the
and summer. This may represent a response to movements of
food items, the expansion of their range
due to warmer water temperatures
or prespawning activity.
Predators : Large piscivorouse fishes feed on the pompano dolphin including tuna , marlin, and sharks . Seabirds are also known predators of this fish.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Bateson, 1885
- Cuvier, 1812
- Jawed Vertebrates
- Huxley, 1880
- Huxley, 1880
- Subclass: Actinopterygii ()
- Class: Osteichthyes () - Huxley, 1880
- Superclass: Osteichthyes () - Huxley, 1880
- Infraphylum: Gnathostomata () - auct. - Jawed Vertebrates
- Subphylum: Vertebrata () - Cuvier, 1812 - Vertebrates
- Phylum: Chordata () - Bateson, 1885 - Chordates
- Infrakingdom: Chordonia () - (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Deuterostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Coryphaena aurata • Coryphaena aurata Rafinesque • Coryphaena azorica • Coryphaena azorica Valenciennes • Coryphaena equiselis Linnaeus • Coryphaena equisetis • Coryphaena equisetis Linnaeus • Coryphaena equisetis Linnaeus, 1758 • Coryphaena equisetis Osbeck • Coryphaena lessonii • Coryphaena lessonii Valenciennes • Coryphaena socialis • Lampugus neapolitanus • Lampugus neapolitanus Valenciennes • Lampugus punctulatus • Lampugus punctulatus Valenciennes
Members of the genus Coryphaena
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 7 species and subspecies in this genus:
C. coerulea (Blue Parrotfish) · C. equiselis (Pompano Dolphin Fish) · C. hippurus (Common Dolphin Fish) · C. novacula (Pearly Razorfish) · C. perciformis (Barrelfish) · C. plumieri (Sand Tilefish) · C. velifera (Spotted Fanfish)
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- An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Chagos Archipelago, Central Indian Ocean / Toronto: Royal Ontario Museum, 1989. url p. 35.
- Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington. Washington, D.C.: The Society, 1918- url p. 179, p. 98.
- Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences Los Angeles, Calif.: The Academy, 1971- url p. 52.
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- Dean bibliography of fishes. New York: American Museum of Natural History, 1971-1973. url p. 51.
- Fishery bulletin / U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service. Washington, D.C.: The Service: url , , , , , , p. 1005, p. 1007, p. 1016, p. 1199, p. 135, p. 136, p. 156, p. 157, p. 186, p. 189, p. 190, p. 191, p. 247, p. 275, p. 277, p. 277, p. 278, p. 278, p. 279, p. 279, p. 279, p. 281, p. 281, p. 282, p. 283, p. 283, p. 284, p. 285, p. 285, p. 286, p. 287, p. 287, p. 288, p. 288, p. 289, p. 290, p. 291, p. 291, p. 292, p. 293, p. 294, p. 295, p. 296, p. 297, p. 298, p. 298, p. 299, p. 300, p. 301, p. 302, p. 303, p. 304, p. 306, p. 307, p. 308, p. 309, p. 310, p. 311, p. 312, p. 351, p. 459, p. 566, p. 85, p. 877, p. 878, p. 879, p. 88, p. 895, p. 899, p. 92, p. 945, p. 988, p. 995.
- Fishery circular / U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Fisheries. [Washington]: The Bureau, 1931-1939. url p. 119.
- Fishes collected by midwater trawls during two cruises of the David Starr Jordan in the northeastern Pacific Ocean, April-June and September-October, 1972 / John L. Butler. .. [et al.]. La Jolla, CA: Southwest Fisheries Science Center,  url p. 62.
- Hawaiian fishes; a handbook of the fishes found among the islands of the central Pacific ocean, by Spencer Wilkie Tinker. .. illustrated by Gordon S. C. Chun and Y. Oda. Honolulu, Hawaii, Tongg publishing company, 1944. url p. 168, p. 390.
- NOAA technical report NMFS SSRF. Seattle, Wash.: National Marine Fisheries Service; url p. 24, p. 5, p. 51.
- Occasional papers of the California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco: California Academy of Sciences, url p. 14.
- Ontogeny and systematics of fishes: based on an international symposium dedicated to the memory of Elbert Halvor Ahlstrom / sponsored by the National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, United States Dept. of Commerce. [New York?]: American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, c1984. url p. 705.
- Pacific Plate biogeography, with special reference to shorefishes / Victor G. Springer. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1982. url p. 168.
- Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. Washington, Biological Society of Washington url p. 158.
- Special scientific report. Seattle, National Marine Fisheries Service; for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1971. url p. 14, p. 29.
- The Marine Mammal Commission compendium of selected treaties, international agreements, and other relevant documents on marine resources, wildlife, and the environment / compiled by Richard L. Wallace. Washington, D.C.: The Commission; 1994 url p. 863.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 15, 2012.
- Collette, B., Acero, A., Amorim, A.F., Boustany, A., Canales Ramirez, C., Cardenas, G., Carpenter, K.E., de Oliveira Leite Jr., N., Di Natale, A., Fox, W., Fredou, F.L., Graves, J., Viera Hazin, F.H., Juan Jorda, M., Minte Vera, C., Miyabe, N., Montano Cruz, R., Nelson, R., Oxenford, H., Schaefer, K., Serra, R., Sun, C., Teixeira Lessa, R.P., Pires Ferreira Travassos, P.E., Uozumi, Y. & Yanez, E. 2011. Coryphaena equiselis. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloadedon 31January2012.
- IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. . Downloaded on January 28, 2012.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 14, 2007:
- Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Bishop Museum Natural History Specimen Data
- Canadian Museum of Nature, Canadian Museum of Nature Fish Collection
- Cornell University Museum of Vertebrates, Fish Collection
- FishBase, FishBase DiGIR Provider - Philippine Server
- Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, Atlantic Reference Centre
- Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, Bishop Museum Data
- Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity - Fish Collection
- Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Ichtyologie
- Provider, Online Zoological Collections of Australian Museums
- Royal Ontario Museum, Fish specimens
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 124812
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Fis-29358
- Fishbase Species ID: 7
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13822142
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 168792
- IUCN ID: 202222
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 108028
- Collette, B.B. (1995). Coryphaenidae. Dorados. p. 1036-1038. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, ... [back]
- Edwards, A. (1990). Fish and fisheries of Saint Helena Island. Centre for Tropical Coastal Management Studies, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, England. [back]
- Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez (1992). Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales ma ... [back]
- Mean = -1,886.330 meters (-6,188.747 feet), Standard Deviation = 1,810.290 based on 375 observations. Ocean depth information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
- Collette, B., Acero, A., Amorim, A.F., Boustany, A., Canales Ramirez, C., Cardenas, G., Carpenter, K.E., de Oliveira Leite Jr., N., Di Natale, A., Fox, W., Fredou, F.L., Graves, J., Viera Hazin, F.H., Juan Jorda, M., Minte Vera, C., Miyabe, N., Montano Cruz, R., Nelson, R., Oxenford, H., Schaefer, K., Serra, R., Sun, C., Teixeira Lessa, R.P., Pires Ferreira Travassos, P.E., Uozumi, Y. & Yanez, E. 2011. Coryphaena equiselis. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. [back]