font settings and languages

Font Size: Large | Normal | Small
Font Face: Verdana | Geneva | Georgia
Languages:

Calidris minutilla

(Least Sandpiper)

Overview

[ Back to top ]

Common Names

[ Back to top ]

Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Basque:

Txirri nano

Common Names in Breton:

Sourouc'han bitik

Common Names in Catalan, Valencian:

Territ menut canadenc

Common Names in Dutch:

Kleinste Strandloper

Common Names in English:

Least Sandpiper, American stint, least or sandpiper, little sandpeep, mud-peep, Ox-Eye, oxeye, peep, sand-peep, Wilson's stint

Common Names in Esperanto:

Amerika malgranda kalidro

Common Names in Finnish:

Amerikansirri

Common Names in French:

bécasseau minuscule, bécasseau minuscule

Common Names in German:

Wiesenstrandläufer

Common Names in Hungarian:

Törpepartfutó

Common Names in Italian:

Gambecchio americano, Piro piro americano

Common Names in Japanese:

アメリカヒバリシギ

Common Names in Polish:

Biegus karłowaty

Common Names in Spanish:

Correlimos menudillo, Playero chichicuilote

Common Names in Spanish, Castilian:

Playero chichicuilote

Common Names in Swedish:

Dvärgsnäppa

Description

[ Back to top ]

Physical Description

Adult : Bill: Length : fairly short Body: Shape : slender Size: very small Legs : Leg Color: yellowish.Adult Breeding Season : Head : Crown: streaked with brownish-black and buff Bill: blackish Length: fairly short Neck: Hindneck: streaked with brownish-black and buff Body: Breast: heavily streaked with dark brown Chest: finely streaked with dusky Mantle: feathers brownish-black, edged broadly with buffy to cinnamon Rump : sides white Shape: slender Size: very small Underparts: white, washed with grayish-buff Upperparts: dull brown, streaked with blackish-brown Legs: Leg Color: yellowish.Adult Summer: Head: gray to gray-brown Face : whitish Bill: Curvature: straight Shape: slightly tapered Neck: Throat : whitish Body: Breast: whitish with small brown streaks Flanks: whitish with small brown streaks Sides: whitish with small brown streaks Underparts: whitish Upperparts: gray to gray-brown Legs: Leg Color: blackish.Adult Winter: Bill: blackish Length: fairly short Body: Chest: finely streaked with dusky Rump: sides white Shape: slender Size: very small Underparts: white, washed with grayish-buff Upperparts: dull brown, streaked with blackish-brown Legs: Leg Color: yellowish.Immature: Bill: blackish Length: fairly short Body: Chest: finely streaked with dusky Rump: sides white Shape: slender Size: very small Underparts: white, washed with grayish-buff Upperparts: dull brown, streaked with blackish-brown Legs: Leg Color: yellowish.

Color:

Adult alternate: Brown head · Black back feathers and wing coverts with brown edges · Brown breast with black spotting · White underparts · Indistinct white supercilium with darker crown and eyeline

Adult basic: Similar to adult alternate but plumage gray-brown · Gray-brown breast band · White underparts · Indistinct white supercilium with darker crown and eyeline

Juvenile : Black-based back feathers and wing coverts with bright rusty edges · White "V" on back · Breast with golden cast and fine streaking · White underparts · Rusty crown and pale supercilium

Size/Age/Growth

About 6 inches long, with a wingspan of 11 to 12 inches. Adults weigh about 0.8 ounces . Length : 4.75 inches

Habitat

Found in marshes, at the edge of ponds , and along estuaries.

Vegetation: freshwater marshes, saltwater and brackish marshes, freshwater lakes and ponds • Maximum Elevation: 2,200 meters • Sensitivity to Disturbance: Medium

Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 3,827 meters (0 to 12,556 feet).[1]

Ecology: List of Habitats :

Biology

[ Back to top ]

Diet

Primarily aquatic invertebrates , with some plant matter.

Reproduction

Migration

Migratory

Taxonomy

[ Back to top ]

Synonyms

Calidris minutilla (Vieillot, 1819)

Notes

Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 17-Oct-2001

Similar Species

[ Back to top ]

Semipalmated Sandpiper, Western Sandpiper The Least Sandpiper is one of a group of very similar small shorebirds called "peeps" but the only common one with yellow legs, a brown plumage, and a thin, slightly decurved bill. The rare Long-toed Stint is very similar (see Jonsson and Grant, 1984). The Pectoral Sandpiper is also brown with yellow legs but is larger with a crisp, squared-off division between the brown breast and white belly.

Members of the genus Calidris

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 37 species and subspecies in this genus:

C. acuminata (Sharp-Tailed Sandpiper) · C. alba (Sanderling) · C. alba alba (Ruddy Plover) · C. alba rubida (Sanderling) · C. alpina (Dunlin) · C. alpina alpina (Dunlin) · C. alpina arctica (Dunlin (Greenland)) · C. alpina hudsonia (Dunlin (Eastern)) · C. alpina pacifica (Dunlin (Pacific)) · C. alpina schinzii (Dunlin) · C. bairdii (Baird's Sandpiper) · C. canutus (Red Knot) · C. canutus canutus (Red Knot) · C. canutus islandica (Red Knot) · C. canutus roselaari (Red Knot) · C. canutus rufa (Red Knot) · C. cooperi (Cooper's Sandpiper) · C. ferruginea (Curlew Sandpiper) · C. feruginea (Curlew Sandpiper) · C. fuscicollis (White-Rumped Sandpiper) · C. himantopus (Stilt Sandpiper) · C. maritima (Purple Sandpiper) · C. maritima maritima (Winter Rock-Bird) · C. mauri (Western Sandpiper) · C. melanotos (Pectoral Sandpiper) · C. minuta (Little Stint) · C. minutilla (Least Sandpiper) · C. ptilocnemis (Rock Sandpiper) · C. ptilocnemis couesi (Rock Sandpiper (Aleutian)) · C. ptilocnemis ptilocnemis (Rock Sandpiper (Pribilof Is.)) · C. ptilocnemis quarta (Rock Sandpiper (Kuril Is.)) · C. ptilocnemis tschuktschorum (Rock Sandpiper (Bering Strait)) · C. pusilla (Semipalmated Sandpiper) · C. ruficollis (Red-Necked Stint) · C. subminuta (Long-Toed Stint) · C. temminckii (Temminck's Stint) · C. tenuirostris (Great Knot)

More Info

[ Back to top ]

Further Reading

[ Back to top ]

Notes

[ Back to top ]

Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal March 12, 2008:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Mean = 47.450 meters (155.676 feet), Standard Deviation = 320.560 based on 1,804 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-11-21