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Calidris minutilla

(Least Sandpiper)

Overview

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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Dutch:

Kleinste Strandloper

Common Names in English:

Least Sandpiper, American stint, least or sandpiper, little sandpeep, mud-peep, Ox-Eye, oxeye, peep, sand-peep, Wilson's stint

Common Names in French:

bécasseau minuscule, bécasseau minuscule

Common Names in German:

Wiesenstrandläufer

Common Names in Italian:

Gambecchio americano, Piro piro americano

Common Names in Japanese:

アメリカヒバリシギ

Common Names in Spanish:

Correlimos menudillo, Playero chichicuilote

Common Names in Swedish:

Dvärgsnäppa

Description

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Physical Description

Adult : Bill: Length : fairly short Body: Shape : slender Size: very small Legs : Leg Color: yellowish.Adult Breeding Season : Head : Crown: streaked with brownish-black and buff Bill: blackish Length: fairly short Neck: Hindneck: streaked with brownish-black and buff Body: Breast: heavily streaked with dark brown Chest: finely streaked with dusky Mantle: feathers brownish-black, edged broadly with buffy to cinnamon Rump : sides white Shape: slender Size: very small Underparts: white, washed with grayish-buff Upperparts: dull brown, streaked with blackish-brown Legs: Leg Color: yellowish.Adult Summer: Head: gray to gray-brown Face : whitish Bill: Curvature: straight Shape: slightly tapered Neck: Throat : whitish Body: Breast: whitish with small brown streaks Flanks: whitish with small brown streaks Sides: whitish with small brown streaks Underparts: whitish Upperparts: gray to gray-brown Legs: Leg Color: blackish.Adult Winter: Bill: blackish Length: fairly short Body: Chest: finely streaked with dusky Rump: sides white Shape: slender Size: very small Underparts: white, washed with grayish-buff Upperparts: dull brown, streaked with blackish-brown Legs: Leg Color: yellowish.Immature: Bill: blackish Length: fairly short Body: Chest: finely streaked with dusky Rump: sides white Shape: slender Size: very small Underparts: white, washed with grayish-buff Upperparts: dull brown, streaked with blackish-brown Legs: Leg Color: yellowish.

Color:

Adult alternate: Brown head · Black back feathers and wing coverts with brown edges · Brown breast with black spotting · White underparts · Indistinct white supercilium with darker crown and eyeline

Adult basic: Similar to adult alternate but plumage gray-brown · Gray-brown breast band · White underparts · Indistinct white supercilium with darker crown and eyeline

Juvenile : Black-based back feathers and wing coverts with bright rusty edges · White "V" on back · Breast with golden cast and fine streaking · White underparts · Rusty crown and pale supercilium

Size/Age/Growth

About 6 inches long, with a wingspan of 11 to 12 inches. Adults weigh about 0.8 ounces . Length : 4.75 inches

Habitat

Found in marshes, at the edge of ponds , and along estuaries.

Vegetation: freshwater marshes, saltwater and brackish marshes, freshwater lakes and ponds • Maximum Elevation: 2,200 meters • Sensitivity to Disturbance: Medium

Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 3,827 meters (0 to 12,556 feet).[1]

Ecology: List of Habitats :

Biology

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Diet

Primarily aquatic invertebrates , with some plant matter.

Reproduction

Migration

Migratory

Taxonomy

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Synonyms

Calidris minutilla (Vieillot, 1819)

Notes

Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 17-Oct-2001

Similar Species

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Semipalmated Sandpiper, Western Sandpiper The Least Sandpiper is one of a group of very similar small shorebirds called "peeps" but the only common one with yellow legs, a brown plumage, and a thin, slightly decurved bill. The rare Long-toed Stint is very similar (see Jonsson and Grant, 1984). The Pectoral Sandpiper is also brown with yellow legs but is larger with a crisp, squared-off division between the brown breast and white belly.

Members of the genus Calidris

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 36 species and subspecies in this genus:

(Sharp-Tailed Sandpiper) · (Sanderling) · C. alba alba (Beach Plover) · C. alba rubida (Sanderling) · (Dunlin) · (Dunlin) · (Dunlin (Greenland)) · (Dunlin (Eastern)) · (Dunlin (Pacific)) · (Dunlin) · (Baird's Sandpiper) · (Red Knot) · (Red Knot) · (Red Knot) · (Red Knot) · (Red Knot) · (Curlew Sandpiper) · C. feruginea (Curlew Sandpiper) · (White-Rumped Sandpiper) · (Stilt Sandpiper) · (Purple Sandpiper) · C. maritima maritima (Winter Rock-Bird) · (Western Sandpiper) · (Pectoral Sandpiper) · (Little Stint) · (Least Sandpiper) · (Rock Sandpiper) · (Rock Sandpiper (Aleutian)) · (Rock Sandpiper (Pribilof Is.)) · (Rock Sandpiper (Kuril Is.)) · (Rock Sandpiper (Bering Strait)) · (Semipalmated Sandpiper) · (Red-Necked Stint) · (Long-Toed Stint) · (Temminck's Stint) · (Great Knot)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal March 12, 2008:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Mean = 47.450 meters (155.676 feet), Standard Deviation = 320.560 based on 1,804 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
Last Revised: 3/13/2014