Common Names in English:
Scars of the anterior and posterior adductor muscles decidedly unequal (the anterior scar is the smaller one, and may be scarcely noticeable); umbones generally, but not always, much nearer the anterior end than the middle , hinge plate without teeth and without a chondrophore ; usually attached to a hard substratum by a byssus of organic threads (includes some species that bore into rock or hard clay ).Mussels are members of the molluscan Class Bivalvia along with clams and scallops . Attaching to the substrate and each other with byssal threads , mussels often form dense beds that support rich epifaunal and infaunal invertebrate assemblages . Other groups commonly associating with mussels are porifera (sponges), cnidarians (including hydroids , corals , and anemones), annelids , crustaceans, bivalves , bryozoans , and echinoderms . Mussel larvae remain in the water column for several weeks. Mussels are suspension feeders , filtering plankton and other small particles from the water column. Mussels are preyed upon by sea stars, gastropods and crabs.
Typically found in water with a depth of 0 to -5,043 meters (0 to -16,545 feet).
Biome: Marine .
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- Phylum: Mollusca () - (C. Linnaeus, 1758) Cuvier, 1795 - Molluscs
- Superphylum: Eutrochozoa ()
- Branch: Protostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Status: Accepted Name
First described: Gmelin, J.F. in Linnaeus, C. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. 13th Edn Lyon : J.B. Delamolliere Tom . 1 pars 6, pp. 3021–3910., 1791.
Last scrutiny: 17-Oct-2001
Members of the genus Botula
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 1 species and subspecies in this genus:
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- Allan Hancock Pacific expeditions. [Reports] Los Angeles, University of Southern California Press. url , p. 10, p. 11, p. 172, p. 84, p. 86.
- American seashells. With illus. by Frederick M. Bayer. New York, Van Nostrand url p. 356.
- Annual report - Western Society of Malacologists. Pomona, Calif., Western Society of Malacologists. url p. 9.
- Bulletin / Peabody Museum of Natural History. 1978 New Haven: Peabody Museum of Natural History, url appendix a , p. 13, p. 80.
- Bulletins of American paleontology. Ithaca, N.Y., Paleontological Research Institution [etc.] url expl. of plate 7, page 192, p. 40.
- East coast marine shells: descriptions of shore mollusks together with many living below tide mark, from Maine to Texas inclusive, especially Florida, with more than one thousand drawings and photographs / by Maxwell Smith. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Edwards Brothers, 1951, [c1937] url p. 172, p. 38.
- East coast marine shells; descriptions of shore mollusks together with many living below tide mark, from Maine to Texas inclusive, especially Florida. Ann Arbor, Mich., Edwards Brothers, Inc.[c1937] url p. 172, p. 38.
- How to collect shells, a symposium. Marinette, Wis.]1961. url p. 3, p. 4.
- Marine shells of the western coast of Flordia / by Louise M. Perry and Jeanne S. Schwengel. Illus. by W. Hammersley Southwick, Axel A. Olsson, and Frank White. Ithaca, N.Y.: Paleontological Research Institution, 1955. url p. 212.
- Memoirs of the San Diego Society of Natural History. 1 1931 San Diego, Calif.: The Society, 1931-1989. url p. 252.
- Mollusks of the tropical eastern Pacific: particularly from the southern half of the Panamic-Pacific faunal province (Panama to Peru); Panamic-Pacific Pelecypoda / by Axel A. Olsson. Ithaca, N.Y.: Paleontological Research Institution, 1961. url p. 131.
- Texas conchologist. [Houston, Houston Conchology Society], 1964- url p. 1, p. 50, p. 51, p. 59, p. 94.
- The Nautilus. Melbourne, Fla., etc., American Malacologists, inc., etc. url , p. 117, p. 40.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 16, 2012.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal February 28, 2008:
- Academy of Natural Sciences: Academy of Natural Sciences Malacology Database
- Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University: Benthic biodiversity along the central coast in the Brazilian EEZ (OBIS South America, BRAZIL) (OBIS South America, BRAZIL)
- Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (Costa Rica): Biodiversidad de Costa Rica
- Marine Science Institute, UCSB: Paleobiology Database
- National Museum of Natural History: NMNH Invertebrate Zoology Collections
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2692207
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-79567
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 705130