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Apristurus kampae

(Longnose cat shark)

Overview

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Family : Cat sharks ; Found on the eastern Pacific upper continental slope . Oviparous , with a single egg laid per oviduct .

Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Dutch:

Langsnuitkathaai

Common Names in English:

Longnose cat shark, longnose catshark

Common Names in French:

Holbiche tapir

Common Names in Mandarin Chinese:

加州光尾鯊, 加州光尾鲨

Common Names in Spanish:

Gato trompudo, Pejegato trompudo

Description

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Habitat

Typically found in water with a depth of 0 to -3,146 meters (0 to -10,322 feet).[1]

Ecology: The biology and distribution of A. kampae is poorly known due to confusion with other Apristurus species, and its deepwater habitat . It occurs near the bottom over the upper continental slope down to 1,888 m depth. Maximum reported size is 58.4 cm TL (Nakaya and Sato 1999). Reproduction is oviparous , with a single egg laid per oviduct .

Apristurus egg cases are usually thick-walled and about 5 to 6.8 cm long and 2.5 to 2.9 cm wide. The anterior end of the case has a long weak fibrous thread on each corner. The posterior end usually has two small processes, each with a long coiled tendril . As in shallow water scyliorhinids the coiled tendrils are probably used to attach the egg cases to hard substrates and/or biogenic structures as they are laid. Where reported the diet of Apristurus species usually includes crustaceans (penaeid shrimps, euphausiids ), squids and small fishes . [2].

List of Habitats:

Taxonomy

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Notes

Name Status: Accepted Name .

First described: Taylor IJSB Vol.30 pp.297, 1972.

Last scrutiny: Data last modified by FishBase 27-Oct-2000

The genus Apristurus contains at least 32 described species and a relatively large number of potentially undescribed ones. Morphological conservatism and, until recently, a lack of objectively defined characters makes this one of the most taxonomically confused shark genera (Compagno 1984, Nakaya and Sato 1999).

Nakaya and Sato (1999) defined three species groups within Apristurus: the longicephalus-group (two species), brunneus-group (20 species) and spongiceps-group (10 species). A. kampae belongs to the spongiceps-group, characterized by: a short, wide snout (prenarial length

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Apristurus

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 39 species and subspecies in this genus:

A. acanutus (Flatnose Cat Shark) · A. albisoma (Whitish Catshark) · A. ampliceps (Roughskin Catshark) · A. aphyodes (White Ghost Catshark) · A. atlanticus (Atlantic Catshark) · A. australis (Pinocchio Catshark) · A. brunneus (Brown Cat Shark) · A. bucephalus (Bighead Catshark) · A. canutus (Hoary Cat Shark) · A. exsanguis (Deepwater Catshark) · A. fedorovi (Stout Catshark) · A. gibbosus (Humpback Cat Shark) · A. herklotsi (Longfin Cat Shark) · A. indicus (Smallbelly Cat Shark) · A. internatus (Shortnose Demon Catshark) · A. investigatoris (Broadnose Cat Shark) · A. japonicus (Japanese Cat Shark) · A. kampae (Longnose Cat Shark) · A. laurussoni (Atlantic Ghost Cat Shark) · A. laurussonii (Flathead Catshark) · A. longicephalus (Smooth-Belly Catshark) · A. macrorhynchus (Flathead Cat Shark) · A. macrostomus (Broadmouth Cat Shark) · A. manis (Ghost Cat Shark) · A. melanoasper (Black Roughscale Catshark) · A. microps (Smalleye Cat Shark) · A. micropterygeus (Smalldorsal Cat Shark) · A. nasutus (Largenose Cat Shark) · A. parvipinnis (Smallfin Cat Shark) · A. parvipinnisin (Smallfin Cat Shark) · A. pinguis (Fat Catshark) · A. platyrhynchus (Spatulasnout Cat Shark) · A. profundorum (Deep-Water Catshark) · A. riveri (Broadgill Cat Shark) · A. saldanha (Saldanha Cat Shark) · A. sibogae (Pale Catshark Pale Catshark) · A. sinensis (South China Cat Shark) · A. spongiceps (Spongehead Cat Shark) · A. stenseni (Panama Ghost Cat Shark)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal March 01, 2008:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Mean = -1,560.240 meters (-5,118.898 feet), Standard Deviation = 1,014.820 based on 17 observations. Ocean depth information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
  2. Duffy, C. & Huveneers, C. 2004. Apristurus kampae. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 January 2012. [back]
Last Revised: 2013-10-29