Insect. Native to China and Korea, this beetle has been intercepted in solid wood packaging material in the USA (14 states) and Britain. Known infestations were discovered in New York (1996) and Chicago (1998) about 10 yr after the beetle first entered the U.S. An infestation was also discovered in Austria in 2001, an estimated 2-3 yr after its introduction into Austria.
Common Names in English:
Asian Long-Horned Beetle, Asian Longhorned Beetle, Starry Sky Beetle
Species Anoplophora glabripennis
Adult beetles are jet-black with a luster; 20-35 mm in length and 7-12 mm in width , the base of the 11-segmented antennae is whitish with a blue-black color; the antennae of male and female beetles are 1.5 and 1.3 times their body length , respectively; and each elytron has about 20 white (sometimes yellow) spots.
Biome: agricultural areas, disturbed areas, natural forest , planted forests, scrub/shrublands, urban areas
Ecology: Slowly kills trees over an estimated 3-5 year period, but may be longer for some tree species. In its native China, about 40% of the poplar plantations have been damaged (ca. 2.3 million ha.), over 240 cities or counties have been infested in 5 provinces alone (totaling 230 thousand ha), and an estimated 50 million trees were cut down over a 3 yr period in Ningxia Province alone (1991-1993). In the US, approximately 5,286 and 1,547 infested trees have been cut in New York and Chicago, respectively, as of May 2001. In Austria, CA. 47 infested trees have been cut, as of August 2001.
Sexual reproduction. Female beetles mate multiple
times with a single
male beetle, and also mate with multiple male beetles. Female beetles
continue to produce
throughout their life span. Male beetles
display mate guarding. Differences in the nutrional quality of various
, including secondary substances, and/or structural features
thickness), likely influence the relative reproductive
potential and longevity
of ALB.Lifetime fecundity
of ALB averaged
35 eggs/female (30-80 eggs) on Populus spp.
(China), and 68 eggs/female
on A. saccharum (Keena 2000), and 127.3, 46.8 and 30.7 viable
eggs/female on A. platanoide, A. rubrum and S. nigra,
respectively (Smith et al., Environ Entomol., In press
Daily oviposition of viable eggs averaged 1.2, 0.46 and 0.36 eggs/d
on A. platanoides, A. rubrum and S. nigra, respectively
(fecundity declines at 0.48 eggs per week over the lifetime of female
ALB) (Smith et al.
, Environ Entomol., In press). Fecundity is negatively
correlated with bark thickness (Smith et al., In press). Preovipositional
period of ALB was 10.6, 16.7 and 15.8 days on A. platanoides,
A. rubrum and S. nigra, respectively (Smith et al.,
Environ Entomol., In press).
ALB spend about 7 days within the pupal chamber as an adult before exiting the natal host (China). Longevity of female and male ALB was 42.5 days (14-66 days) and 20.6 days (3-50 days), respectively, on Populus spp. (China), and 73 days on A. saccharum (Keena, 2000), and 103.9 days (44-131 days), 97.2 days (30-137 days) and 83.0 days (58-107 days) on A. platanoides, A. rubrum and S. nigra, respectively (Smith et al., Environ Entomol., In press). ALB are strong fliers and results from mass mark recapture studies show that 98% of adult beetles disperse less than 600m from their release point . However, ALB dispersal potential over a single season was found to be 1,029 m and 1,442 m, for male and gravid female beetles, respectively (Smith et al., Environ Entomol, In press).
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Latreille, 1829
- Snodgrass, 1938
- Heymons, 1901
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- Suborder: Polyphaga () - Emery, 1886 - a genus of Blister Beetles (Meloidae)
- Order: Coleoptera () - C. Linnaeus, 1758
- Infraclass: Pterygota ()
- Subclass: Dicondylia ()
- Epiclass: Hexapoda ()
- Superclass: Panhexapoda ()
- Infraphylum: Atelocerata () - Heymons, 1901
- Subphylum: Mandibulata () - Snodgrass, 1938
- Phylum: Arthropoda () - Latreille, 1829 - Arthropods
- Superphylum: Panarthropoda () - Cuvier
- Infrakingdom: Ecdysozoa () - A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Protostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Anoplophora l ævigator Thomson • Cerosterna glabripennis Motschulsky • Cerosterna l ævigator Thomson • Melanauster angustatus Pic • Melanauster glabripennis Aurivillius • Melanauster glabripennis Jakobson • Melanauster glabripennis Matsushita • Melanauster glabripennis var. laglaisei Pic • Melanauster l ævigator Thomson • Melanauster luteonotatus Pic • Melanauster nankineus Pic • Melanauster nobilis Ganglbauer
Name Status: Accepted Name .
Members of the genus Anoplophora
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 2 species and subspecies in this genus:
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- Cerambycidae database 2006.
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed March 04, 2008. http://www.gbif.org Mediated distribution data from provider.
- ISSG Global Invasive Species Database (http://www.issg.org/database)
- National Invasive Species Information Center, National Agricultural Library, United States Department of Agriculture. Web Site. Accessed May 3, 2008.
- Ruggiero M., Gordon D., Bailly N., Kirk P., Nicolson D. (2011). The Catalogue of Life Taxonomic Classification, Edition 2, Part A. In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2011 Annual Checklist (Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Ouvrard D., eds). DVD; Species 2000: Reading, UK.
- TITAN: Cerambycidae database. Release date: May 25, 2009
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal March 04, 2008:
- Biologiezentrum der Oberoesterreichischen Landesmuseen: Biologiezentrum Linz