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Anas americana

(American Wigeon)


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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Dutch:

Amerikaanse Smient

Common Names in English:

American Wigeon, American Wigeon / Baldpate, bald wigeon, bald-crown, bald-head, bald-pate, baldpate, blue-billed wigeon, California wigeon, green-headed wigeon, poacher, smoking duck, southern wigeon, wheat duck, white belly

Common Names in French:

Canard siffleur d'Am?rique, Canard à front blanc, Canard D'am, canard d'Amérique, canard d'Amérique, Canard siffleur américain

Common Names in German:

Nordamerikanische Pfeifente

Common Names in Italian:

Fischione americano

Common Names in Japanese:


Common Names in Spanish:

Anade silvon americano, Pato Chalcu, Pato chalcuán, Pato chalcuán, Silbón Americano

Common Names in Swedish:

Amerikansk bläsand


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Physical Description

Adult Female: Head : grayish to buff, mottled with black Bill: gray with black tip Neck: gray Body: Back: brown Breast: pinkish brown Mantle: gray-brown, marked with tawny buff Sides: rufous brown or cinnamon Legs : Femorals: rufous brown.Adult Male: Head: gray Crown: white Shape : round Face : Forehead: white Postocular Stripe : green Bill: blue gray with black tip Neck: whitish, mottled with black Body: Belly: white Breast: reddish brown Chest: purplish Mantle: pinkish brown Rump : white sides Sides: pinkish brown Upperparts: white Legs: Femorals: white at rear Tail: black Uppertail Coverts: black.Basic: Head: Shape: round Bill: bluish, with black tip Size: small.


Adult male alternate: Alternate plumage worn from fall through early summer · White crown · Green post-ocular stripe · Streaked gray lower face and neck · Rusty breast and flanks · Dark brown back · White patch at rear portion of flanks · Black undertail coverts

Adult male basic: Similar to adult female but usually retains rusty flanks and white forewing

Adult female: Blue bill with black tip · Mottled dark brown body plumage with rustier flanks contrasting with paler head and neck · Dusky eye patch


About 18 to 23 inches long, with a wingspan of 30 to 35 inches. Adults weigh about 27.2 ounces .


Found in tidewater areas, ponds , and lakes .

Vegetation: freshwater lakes and ponds, freshwater marshes • Maximum Elevation: 2,300 meters • Sensitivity to Disturbance: Low

Typically found in a lake at a mean distance from sea level of 596.35 meters (1,956.53 feet).[1]

Ecology: List of Habitats :


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Primarily: Green Plant Matter Seeds. Lesser Quantities of: Aquatic Invertebrates .





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Anas americana J. F. Gmelin, 1789 • Mareca Americana


Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 23-Jan-2007

Similar Species

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Eurasian Wigeon

Members of the genus Anas

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 99 species and subspecies in this genus:

(Northern Pintail) · A. acuta acuta (Northern Pintail) · A. acuta drygalskii (Northern Pintail) · A. acuta eatoni (Northern Pintail) · (Andaman Teal) · (American Wigeon) · (Andean Teal) · (Auckland Islands Teal) · A. aucklandica aucklandica (New Zealand Brown Teal) · A. aucklandica nesiotis (Campbell Island Flightless Teal) · (White-Cheeked Pintail) · (White-Cheeked Pintail (White-Cheeked)) · (White-Cheeked Pintail (Galapagos)) · (Bernier's Teal) · (African Cape Teal) · A. carolinensis (Green-Winged Teal) · A. carolinensis carolinensis (Green-Winged Teal) · (Chestnut Teal) · (Brown Teal) · (Northern Shoveler) · (Green-Winged Teal) · (Green-Winged Teal (American)) · (Green-Winged Teal (Eurasian)) · (Aleutian Green-Winged Teal) · (Cinnamon Teal) · (Cinnamon Teal) · (Cinnamon Teal) · A. diazi (Mexican Duck) · A. diazi novimexicana (New Mexican Duck) · (Blue-Winged Teal) · A. discors discors (Blue-Winged Teal) · A. discors orphna (Blue-Winged Teal) · A. drygalskii (Crozet Pintail) · (Eaton's Pintail) · (Red-Billed Teal) · (Falcated Duck) · (Yellow-Billed Teal) · (Yellow-Billed Teal (Flavirostris)) · (Yellow-Billed Teal (Oxyptera)) · (Baikal Teal) · A. formosa georgi (Spectacled Teal) · A. formosus (Spectacled Teal) · A. fulcigula (Mottled Duck) · (Mottled Duck) · (Mottled Duck (Florida)) · (Mottled Duck (Gulf Coast)) · A. fulvigula x platyrhynchos (Mottled Duck) · (Yellow-Billed Pintail) · (Yellow-Billed Pintail (South Georgia)) · (Yellow-Billed Pintail (South American)) · (Sunda Teal) · (Sunda Teal) · (Gray Teal) · (Hottentot Teal) · (Laysan Duck) · A. leucophrys (Ringed Teal) · (Philippine Duck) · A. marecula (Amsterdam Duck) · (Meller's Duck) · (Campbell Islands Teal) · A. oustaleti (Anjouan Island Sparrow Hawk) · (Eurasian Wigeon) · (Red Shoveler) · (Mallard) · (Mallard) · (Mallard (Mexican)) · (Mallard (Northern)) · A. platyrhynchos Rouen duct (Mallard) · (Indian Spot-Billed Duck) · (Indian Spot-Billed Duck) · (Puna Teal) · A. punctata (Pacific Black Duck) · (Garganey) · (Australasian Shoveler) · (Australasian Shoveler) · (American Black Duck) · (Chiloe Wigeon) · (Cape Shoveler) · (African Black Duck) · (African Black Duck) · A. specularioides (Crested Duck) · A. specularioides specularioides (Crested Duck) · A. specularis (Bronze-Winged Duck) · (Gadwall) · (Gadwall (Coues's)) · (Gadwall (Common)) · (Pacific Black Duck) · (Gray Duck) · (Gray Duck) · A. theodori (Mauritian Duck) · (Yellow-Billed Duck) · (African Yellow-Billed Duck) · (Silver Teal) · (Silver Teal) · A. waigiuensis (Salvadori's Duck) · A. waigivensis (Salvadori's Duck) · (Hawaiian Duck) · (Eastern Spot-Billed Duck) · A. zonorhyncha zonorhyncha (Eastern Spot-Billed Duck)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal March 11, 2008:



  1. Standard Deviation = 814.680 based on 19,999 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
Last Revised: 3/13/2014